Card Set Information
Facts about the Romantic Era and the Literature
combined neoclassical with Romantic ideals
"elegy written in a Country Churchyard
Perfectionist, so didn't publish much
Became something of a hermit
'the voice of Scotland'
Poverty prevented a formal education but he was well read.
wrote most of his poems in the Scottish dialect
One of the most important
originally apprenticed to be a painter; illustrated his own writings
union of opposites "tradition" with new eyes, innocence and experience
Describe writing of Romantic Era.
Writers begin insisting that the world be viewed from the heart, not the mind.
Rulers of Hanover Dynasty
went mad in 1811
government was ruled by a regent, his eldest son
Called the Regency Period
second longest reign of a British monarch so far (59 years)
was George, Prince of Wales
Regent for his father 1811-1820
Brother of George IV
Old and weak, but an amiable king
Left no legitimate children
Died one month after his niece, Victoria, came of age, avoiding another regency
What did the weakness of kings provide?
The weaknesses of these three kings helped enhance the prime ministers who were chosen by the strongest party in Parliament
What is Romanticism?
writers reacting strongly to the events of their time, especially the revolutions
write with a perspective that focused on nature and the common people
just like the French Revolutionaries, Romantic writers discarded what governed the 18th century writers
Named romantic era because of a resurgence of interest in the medieval romances- imaginary tales of adventure written in one of Roman dialects
Not only literature, but also the arts
-beethoven, shubert= music
George Gordon, Lord Byron
Percy Bysshe Shelley
William Wordsworth & Samuel Coleridge
Collaborated together on lyrical ballads
The preface explained the poetic principles they followed. Poetry is "the spontaneous over flow of personal feelings."
Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats
Came of age during the Napoleonic era
Rebelled against conservatism
Died abroad at young ages
Did not break with the past as much
Came in 3 types
-Gothic (Mary Shelley)
-Novel of manners (Jane Austen)
-Historical Romance (imaginative works of fiction built around real people or historical events)
Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus
-one branch of the Romantic movement
-often set in medieval society
-Contains supernatural occurences
-created to evoke terror in readers
-created to show the dark side of human nature
-Main protagonist is egocentric
: Victor Frankenstein
-Gothic novels are regarded as the precursors to modern mystery and science fiction
-often written by women
Women of the Romantic Era (esp. gothic writers)
-women were uncommon writers of the time
-possibly provided a way for women to address feminist issues and disadv. they face
-also a way for women to present a safe image of their hidden desires
Mystery and Science Fiction
Mystery= uses suspense to create terror; logic replaces need for provable fact
Science Fiction= uses the discoveries in science and technology; some provable scientific facts are incorporated.