Amex: Chapters 12-13
Card Set Information
Amex: Chapters 12-13
What united many Germans behind Hitler?
his confession he had murdered those in his way because of his love for Germany
the belief the whole country is more important than individual
What happened in Germany in Feb 1933?
many german civil rights were suspended
Two ways Hitler defended Treaty of Versailles?
rebuilt German military
sent troops to Germany's Rhineland
What was the August 1939 agreement between Russia and Germany?
both agreed not to attack eachother
What event caused WWII to start?
Hitler invaded Poland
What is the "China Incident"
term used by Japanese officials to downplay full scale war in China
What were the Neutrality Acts in response to?
Italy's invasion of Ethiopia
Outbreak of Spanish Civil War
govt that takes complete control of all aspects of life
Intensive attack, means lightning war
Prime Minister of Great Britain
Where was a civil war fought in 1936?
What was the Battle of Britain?
Sept to May 1941 Hitler incessantly bombed London
What were two responses America had to the War in Europe? (define)
Interventionalism- give support, dont enter war
Isolationism- stay out of war
How did the US support the war w/o joining it? (3)
signed first peacetime draft
Lend Lease act
US navy defends supply ships to allies
What was the Atlantic Charter? Who signed it origanally? What was the resulting organization?
set of common principes establishing goals for post-war
agreed on by Churchill and FDR
UN was the result
How did FDR retaliate to Japan seizing Indonesia?
cut off trade to Japan and froze Japanese assets
Which city was handed to the Germans w/o incident in June 1940?
Did the Luftwaffe or the RAF have better planes and more skilled pilots?
RAF= British Royal Air Force
What were four reasons to sign up for the war?
anger at axis
desire for adventure
True or False? African Americans were generally sent into combat and fully integrated.
false on both counts
True or False? Hispanics were the most decorated race.
What was the Casablanca Conference? Who wasn't present?
Allies meet to determine strategy for war
Stalin not present
What two factors drove back the Germans when they invaded the Soviet Union in 1941?
soviet troops and civilian determination
Seige of this city lasted for almost 3years and resulted in over a million deaths.
Battle in which the Russians experienced more causalities than US did in entire war
Battle of Stalingrad
Turning point in Africa for Allies
British victory in El Alamein in 1943
What major event for the Allies occured in June 1944?
Largest combined land-sea-air invasion in history
What was the result of D-Day?
US acquired base in France
What was the Battle of the Bulge?
Final german offensive, opened road to Germany
Died on April 12, 1945
Who took over for Roosevelt?
What happened April 30th 1945?
Hitler committed suicide
What is the significance of May 8th, 1945?
declared victory in europe day
What was the Battle of Midway?
first major Japanese defeat
What were the four freedoms fought for?
freedom of speech
freedom of worship
freedom from want
freedom from fear
What were gardens people grew to support war effort?
What was an alternative to gardens that civilans did to support the war?
collected scrap metal, paper, rubber
What were four ways media helped to support war?
entertainment industry created war movies
comic strip characters went to war
ads urged Americans to buy less
What was the War Production Board's job? (2)
to control economy
oversaw switch of manufacturing consumer goods to military materials
True or False? National Unity was stimulating by ads on TV.
True or False? Crop prices doubled between 1940 to 1945.
The dollar value of all goods and services produced annually in a country
To avoid this, FDR suggested a price freeze
The OPA used this to keep prices down
A statistic showing the change in prices of selected goods and services.
CPI: Consumer Price Index
In 1942 Congress passed a Revenue Act requiring all citizens to pay this
how did civilans help fund the war?
What did major labor unions promise not to do during the war?
Who went on strike in 1941?
job creation due to military mobilization led to this.
Cali city home to aircraft factory, naval base and shipping center
Race Riot city
Zoot suit riot city
Did the US provide opportunities for children whose parents were at work or war?
using borrowed money
Who led the movvemtn for black equality in 1941?
Which movement was designed to draw attention to discrimination of blacks?
March on Washington Movement
Executive order 8802, written by this president, required government agencies stop discrimination
rights gaurenteed to all citizens
foreign born Japanese Americans
children of foreign born Japanese Americans, born in US
the policy of comprimising or giving-in to a hosilt nation to avoid war
the name for the alliance of germany, italy and japan
through this act, the US provided arms and supplies to allies before officially joining war
lend lease act
invaded Ethiopis in 1935
country waged war in Nanjing and Shanghai
City bombed intensely by Germans during sept 1940- may 1941.
What request was made on dec 7 1941?
to declare war on japan
Island hopping strategy was used to defeat whihc nation?
Why did Japan invade Manchuria?
for raw materials and land
The failure of the Maginot line resulted in...
the German takeover of France
Why was the battle for Guadalcanal significant?
it stopped the japanese advance to Australia
Operation overload enable the allied forces to...
establish a base from whihc to sweep the Germnas out of France
The war in europe ended in may 1945, shortly after
soviet and american troops met in Berlin
AN important reason for American alarm at the Japanese invasion of China was...
a fear of the end of the Open Door Policy with China
General Dwight D. Eisenhower was commander of...
the D-Day invasion
General Douglas MacArthur was commander of...
the US war effort in the Pacific
The first major Japanese defeat, Hawaii is safe
The final major campaign and bloodiest battle of the Pacific
Allied invasion of "fortress Europe"
Two locations taken over by the Japanese
Dutch East Indies, Guam
Tens of thousands of Japanese were imprisioned in these
Leader of Soviet Union during WWII