AP Psych Social Psychology

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AP Psych Social Psychology
2011-03-09 21:44:01
Psychology Social Psychology

Key Terms, review for Social Psychology from Myers textbook
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  1. Social Psychology
    scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
  2. attribution theory
    how we explain someone's behavior - either dispositional or situational
  3. Fundamental Attribution Error
    Tendency for observers to overestimate distributional attribution
  4. attitudes
    feelings (based on beliefs) that predispose us to respond a particular way
  5. foot-in-the-door phenomenon
    if you agree to a small request, you're more likely to agree to a larger request later
  6. cognitive dissonance theory
    when attitudes and actions clash, we try to ease discomfort
  7. conformity
    adjusting one's behavior or thoughts to coincide with group standard
  8. normative social influence
    influence resulting from desire for approval
  9. informational social influence
    influence resulting from willingness to accept others' opinions
  10. social facilitation
    stronger responses on well-learned tasks in the presence of others
  11. social loafing
    people exert less effort because it's all the group, not just single individual
  12. deindividuation
    loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations (riots)
  13. group polarization
    enhancement of group's opinions through group discussion
  14. groupthink
    harmonious but unrealistic thinking within a group
  15. prejudice
    unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members (beliefs, feelings, and actions)
  16. stereotype
    generalized belief about a group of people
  17. discrimination
    unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group or its members
  18. ingroup
    "US" people with whom one shares a common identity
  19. outgroup
    "THEM" people perceived as apart from one's ingroup
  20. ingroup bias
    the tendency to favor one's own group
  21. scapegoat theory
    prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame
  22. just-world phenomenon
    world is just - people get what they deserve
  23. aggression
    physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy
  24. frustration-aggression principle
    frustration creates anger, which creates aggression
  25. conflict
    perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas
  26. social trap
    conflicting parties pursue self-interest, get caught in mutually destructive behavior
  27. mere exposure effect
    repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
  28. passionate love
    aroused state of intense positive feelings (usually the beginning of relationship)
  29. companionate love
    deep affectionate attachment (intertwined lives)
  30. equity
    equality of give-and-take in a relationship
  31. self-disclosure
    revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others
  32. altruism
    unselfish regard for the welfare of others
  33. bystander effect
    bystanders are less likely to give aid if other bystanders are around
  34. social exchange theory
    social behavior is an exchange process
  35. reciprocity norm
    expectation that people will help those who helped them
  36. social-responsibilty norm
    expectation that people will help those dependent on them
  37. Superordinate goals
    shared goals that override differences among people
  38. GRIT
    • Graduated and Reciprocated Initiatives in Tension-Reduction
    • a strategy designed to decrease international tensions