Test 4 ch. 9 and 10

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Test 4 ch. 9 and 10
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2011-03-09 22:57:52
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Medical Terminology ch. 9 and 10
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  1. Sperm Cell
    spermatozoon
  2. Testosterone
    male secreted hormome; responsible for beard,pubic hair, deeper voice
  3. Gonad
    Testis there are 2 as known as balls
  4. scrotum
    a sac encloses the testes
  5. spermaogeneis
    formation of semen
  6. seminiferous tubules
    inside of the testis, a large mass of coiled tubules
  7. stroma
    supportive,connective, framework tissue, and blood vessels
  8. Vas Deferens
    straight tube also carries sperm
  9. Urethra
    opens into the ejaculatory duct, which secrete a think, sugary,yellowish substance that nurishes the semen
  10. How is sperm formed
    • seminferous tubules - (testes)
    • epidiymis
    • Vas Deferens-(seminal Vesicles)
    • Ejaculatory duct
    • Urethra-(prostate gland & bulbourethral)
    • penis
    • then leaves the body
  11. Parenchyma
    distinctive cell
  12. Prostate
    PRO-STATE !! SPELL
  13. where is sperm found
    semen
  14. sperm does what?
    fertiliezes the eggs
  15. male
    andr/o
  16. -ogen
    producing substances
  17. balan/o
    penis
  18. cold
    cry/o
  19. hidden
    crypt/o
  20. seed
    gon/o
  21. -ocele
    hernia
  22. testis,Testicle
    orch/o, orchi/o,orchid, test
  23. penis
    pen
  24. sperm
    sperm
  25. spermat
    semen
  26. monster
    terat
  27. varicose veins
    varic
  28. vas deferns
    vas
  29. animal life
    zo/o
  30. hormone
    -one
  31. fixation, to put into place
    -pexy
  32. new opening
    -stomy
  33. monster tumor
    teratoma
  34. cryptorchidiam
    undescending testicles
  35. hydocele
    sac of clear liquid in the scrotum
  36. testicular torsion
    twisting of spermatic cord
  37. varicocele
    enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle
  38. hypospadia
    where the urethral opening is on the underside of the penis
  39. phimosis
    treated by circumcision
  40. phim
    muzzle
  41. burning sensation white or clear discharge from the penis
    chlamdial infection
  42. actually seeing discharge from the urethra
    gonorrhea
  43. purulent
    pus filled
  44. blisters on the penis
    herpes genitalis
  45. chancre which is a sore found on the penis
    syphillis
  46. PSA Test
    tests for prostate-specific antigen in the blood
  47. semen analysis
    to see how much sperm is with in
  48. castration
    excision of testicles or ovaries
  49. circumcision
    removal of prepuce of the penis
  50. digital rectal examination
    DRE- finger palpation through the anal canal
  51. transurethral resection of the prostate
    TURP- excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectocope through the ureatha
  52. vasectomy
    bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens
  53. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  54. HPV
    Human papillomavirus
  55. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  56. PSA
    prostate specific antigen
  57. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  58. neurons
    nerve cells
  59. collection of microscopic bundles
    nerves
  60. external receptors
    sense organs
  61. internal receptors
    muscle and blood vessels
  62. CNS
    Central Nervous System
  63. Central Nervous System
    Brain and spinal cord
  64. PNS
    Peripheral Nervous System
  65. Peripheral nervous system
    cranial nerves and spine nerves, and plexuses, and peripheral nerves
  66. stimulus
    impulse in the branching fibers of the neuron
  67. orders of a neuron - travels in one direction
    • dendrites
    • cell body
    • cell nucleus
    • axon
    • myelin sheath
    • terminal end fibers
    • synapse
  68. myelin sheath
    electrical impulses
  69. thinking area
    cerebrum
  70. frontal lobe
    thought processes, behavior, personality, emotion
  71. broca area
    language
  72. temporal lobe
    hearing, understanding, speech and language
  73. parietal lobe
    body sensations, visual and spatial perception
  74. occipital lobe
    vision
  75. thalamus
    triage center
  76. hypothalamus
    controls body temperature, spleep, appetite, sexual desire
  77. gabbie
    sexy
  78. cerebellum
    voluntary movements to maintain balance and posture
  79. pons
    bridge
  80. six functions of the brain
    • cerebrum
    • thalamus
    • hypothalamus
    • cerebellum
    • pons
    • medula oblongota
  81. spinal cord
    gray and white matter
  82. three meninge layers
    • dura mater
    • arachnoid membrane
    • pia mater
  83. arachnoid membrane
    middle layer of the membrane
  84. cerebrum
    largest part of the brain
  85. dura matter
    thick, outmoust layer of the meninges
  86. parenchyma
    distinguishing tissue of any organ or system
  87. pya matter
    thin inner membrane
  88. stroma
    connective and supporting tissues
  89. stenapse
    space through which nerve impulses travel
  90. thalamus
    main relay center of the brain
  91. gli
    glial cells
  92. lept
    thin, slender
  93. para
    upper/lowe
  94. hemi
    right/left
  95. pons
    pont
  96. radicul
    nerve roots
  97. thec
    sheeth
  98. vag
    vagus nerve
  99. -algesia
    excessive sensitivity to pain
  100. algia
    pain
  101. -caus
    burning
  102. comat
    deep sleep
  103. feeling, nervous sensation
    -ethesia
  104. movemovment
    -kinectic
  105. seizure
    -lepsy
  106. lex
    word or phrase
  107. weakness
    -paresis
  108. speech
    -phasia
  109. paralysis
    plegia
  110. praxia
    action
  111. -sthenia
    strength
  112. fainting
    synocop
  113. coordination
    tax
  114. fluid in the brain
    hydrocephalus ; catheter
  115. spina bifida
    defect in the spine
  116. meningocele
    the meninges protrude to the outside of the body
  117. AD
    alzheimer disease- memory failure,disorientaion, restlessness and speach disturbances
  118. recurrent seizure
    epilepsy
  119. two types of seizures
    Tonic-Clonic and Absence
  120. Tonic-Clonic
    grand ma, sudden jerk of motion
  121. Absence
    petit mal minor form of seizure
  122. MS
    Multiple Sclerosis; destruction of myelin sheath
  123. gait
    manner of walking
  124. Parkinson disease
    degeneration of neurons, occurs in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles and slow movement
  125. palliative
    relieving symptons but not curing them
  126. Tourette Syndrome
    involuntary,twiching, and vocal sounds
  127. shingles
    herpes zoster; viral infection affecting peripheral nerves
  128. meningitis
    inflam. of the meniges
  129. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus encephalopathy
  130. cerebral concussion
    brief loss of consciousness;clearing within 24 hrs
  131. cerebral contusion
    brusing of the tissues and lasts longer than 24 hrs
  132. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident also known as a stoke
  133. 3 types of stokes
    • thrombotic
    • embolic
    • hemorrhagic
  134. cebebral angiography
    x-ray imaging of the arterial blood vessel in the brain after injection of contrast material.
  135. computed tomography or CT
    multiple images of the brain
  136. myelography
    x-ray of the spinal canal
  137. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging; images of the brain and spinal cord
  138. EEG
    electroencephalography

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