muscular system

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Author:
shelbyobrien
ID:
71975
Filename:
muscular system
Updated:
2011-03-21 18:37:28
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scular system chapter
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Description:
the muscles of the human body
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  1. temporalis
  2. frontalis
  3. orbicularis
  4. buccinator
  5. masseter
  6. orbicularis oris
  7. sternocleidomastoid
  8. platysma muscle
  9. pectoralis major
  10. deltoid muscle
  11. intercostal muscle
  12. serratus anterior
  13. rectus abdonminus
  14. biceps brachii
  15. abdominis obliques
  16. rectus abdominis
  17. abdominus transverse
  18. brachioradialis
  19. vastus intermedius
  20. vastus mediallis
  21. sartorious
  22. rectus femoris
  23. tibialis antetrior
  24. peroneus longus
  25. extensor digitorum longus
  26. occipitalis
  27. trapezius muscle
  28. triceps brachii
  29. lattissimus dorsi
  30. gluteus medius
  31. gluteus maximus
  32. semimembranosus
  33. biceps femoris
  34. What are the 7 functions of the muscular system
    body movement, generation of body heat, maintnace of posture, heaart beat, constiction of organs, breating, communication
  35. What are the three types of muscles
    skeletal, cardica, smooth
  36. what are the two actions of muscle
    flexion extension
  37. what are the four characteristics of a muscle
    constractability, Excitibility, extensibility, elastisity
  38. the ability of a muscle to shorten with force
    contracability
  39. the capasity of the muscle to resond to stimulus
    excitability
  40. muscle can be streched out after contraction ans be returned to the normal length
    extensiability
  41. ability of a muscle to recoil to original resting length after being streched
    elastisity
  42. What are the three parts to a muscke
    origin, belly, insertion
  43. what is the difference between the origin and the incertion of the muscle
    the insertion can move, while the origin cannot move
  44. What is the muscle cell called
    muscle fiber
  45. what is the cytoplasm
    sarcoplasm
  46. muscle cell membrane
    sarcolemma
  47. energy
    the ability to do work
  48. the movement of a force through a distance
    work
  49. what are the three types of food for humans
    protien, carbohydrates, lipids
  50. 2 types: simple sugars and starch. 4 calories per 1 gram
    carbohydrate
  51. animal tissue plants 4 calories per 1 gram
    protien
  52. fat, animal, plant, 9 caloried per gram
    lipid
  53. what is glucose turn into so our body's can use it as energy
    ATP
  54. ATP stands for
    Adenosune Triphosphate
  55. buring glucose is
    oxidation
  56. a muscle is attached to a bone by
    tendons
  57. connective tissue that surrounds the muscle
    epimysium
  58. skeletal muscle is composed of many visible bundels called
    muscle fasciculi
  59. each muscle faciculi is surrounded by losse connective tissue called
    peromysium
  60. Each muscle fiber is surrounded by connective tissue called
    endomysium
  61. thred-like fibers that extends from one end of the muscle to the other
    myofibrils
  62. what are the two kinds of muscle proteins
    myosin actine
  63. protein strands that look like two strands of beads twisted together
    actine
  64. protein strands that looks like gulf clubs
    myosin
  65. what are the lnog fibers that actin and myosin are agganged into called
    myofilamints
  66. the basic structural and functional unit of the skeletal mucle
    sarcomere
  67. one sarcomere extends from a visible disk to another.. what is that disk called
    the z-disk
  68. what gives the myofibrioles their banded appearance
    the arrangement of actin and myosin
  69. what is the lighter band next to the z disk
    i-band
  70. next to the i disk and toward the enter
    a-band
  71. in the center of the sarcomere is a second light zone. This is called the
    h-zone
  72. m line is where
    the very center of the of the sarcomere

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