Card Set Information
Interior Earth Forces Faults
Interior Earth, Forces and Faults
Type of Rock that makes up the ocean floor
an instrument used to decect and record seismic waves produced by earthquakes
thin, outermost layer of the earth
boundary between the earths outermost layer (crust) and the mantle
shock waves produced by earthquakes that travel through the earth
solid most inner center of the earth
layers of the earth surrounding the inner core
type of rock that makes up the continental crust
ability of a solid to flow, or change shape
topsmost solid part of the earth, which is composed of the crust (7 major plates) and some of the mantle
layer of the earth that extends from the bottom of the crust to the outer core
layer of the earth directly beneath the lithosphere and the 7 majot plates float on it
block of rock above the fault
forces that pull and push upon the crust
stress that pushes rock in two opposite directions
stress that squeezes or rocks until it folds or breaks
area of flat land elevated high above sea level
strike slip boundary
fault where rocks on either side move past each other in
stress that pulls or stretches rocks so that it becomes
block of rock below the fault
downward fold in rocks formed by compression
type of fault where hanging wall slides down (tension)
type of fault where hanging wall slides upwards (compresion)
upwards folds in rocks formed by compression
which type of crust is 5 miles thick?
Is the inner core as hot as the surface of the sun?
T or F - contenential and ocean crust are different because they are located in different places
How do we know the composition of the earths interior?
Granite is associated with which type of crust?
Which part of the mantle is broken into 7 major plates?
The mantle has how many layers?
Which layer is a liquid layer made of iron and nickle?
What happens to temperature and pressure as you move from the crust towards the core of the earth?
it increases in both temperature and pressure
Th amount of space an object occupys is?
A force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume is called?
The 3 types of stress are?
tension, compression and shearing
T or F The force that raises a mountain can also uplift a plateau.
A rubber band being streched to the point of breaking is what kind of stress?
Is the hanging wall above or below the fault line?
Which fault results in horozontal movement?
The rocky mountains were formed by which fault?
Tension causes the hanging wall to slip in what direction?
The San Andreas Fault is the most famous____________.
strike slip fault
Which type of fault results in mountain building?
normal and reverse
What is the stress that causes the hanging wall to slip upwards?
In a normal fault the hanging wall moves_________.