Contains Vocabulary which is recommended to know for the AP Lang exam
The device of using characters and/or story elements symbolically to represent and abstraction in addition to the literal merning.
The repition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words.
The direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art.
The multiple meanings, wither intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase or passage
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. An Analogy can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similartiy to something more familiar.
The repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of succesive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses, especially for rhetorical or poetic effect.
The word, phrase, or clause reffered to by a pronoun.
The rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences.
A terse statement of known authorship which generally expresses a general truth or a moral principle.
A figure of speech that directly adresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction.
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the authors choice of objects that are described. Frequently, atmoshphere foreshadows events.
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb. An independent clause can stand alone, a dependent clause cannot.
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing.
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or supervising analogy between seemingly dissimilat objects. A conceit displays intellectual cleverness due to the unusual comparison being made.
The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word.
The strict, literal, Dictionary definition of a word. Contains no implied meanings.
Related to style, diction refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
Literally means "teaching". Didactic works have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially of moral or ethical principles.
Euphemisms are a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept.
A metaphor developed at great length, occuring frequently in or throughout a work.
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
Figure of Speech
Device used to create figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. Figures of speech include, for example, apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox. simile, and understatement.
Describes/Defines the traditions for each genre.
The major catagory in which a literary work fits.
Literally means "sermon" but informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
Uses extreme and deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions.
To draw a resonable conclusion from the information presented.
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong abusive language.
The contrast between what is stated and what is meant. There are three major types 1. Verbal Irony - the words literally state the oppisite of what was the writer's/speaker's true meaning. 2. Situational- events turn out the opposite of what was expected. 3. Dramatic -facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the audience or other characters
Type of sentence in which the main idea comes first, sollowed by the dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses.
Uses implied comparison of semmingly unlike things or the substitution of one thing for the other, suggesting some similarity.
A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely related with it.
Two meanings, 1. Grammatical and deals with verbal units and a speakers attitude uses Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative. 2. The prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work.
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
Figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sound of words.
Figure of speech in which the author groups apparantly contradictory terms to suggest a paradox.
A statement that appears to be self contradictory or opposed to common sense, but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
Framing sentences or phrases to give them structural similarity.
A work that imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
An Adjective that describes words, phrases, or the general tome that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The independent clause is preceded by a clause that cannot stand alone.
a figure of speech in which the author endows inanimate objects with human attributes and emotions
Point of view
the perspective from which a story is told. Also the author's point of view/ attitude.
One type of subject complement, an adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective clause that follows a linking verb. it modifies or describes the subject.
The second type of subject complement, a noun, group of nouns, or nour clause that renames a subject. it follows the same patten as the Predicate Adjective.
One of the major divisions of genre, refers to fiction and non-fiction, because they are written in normal language and more closely resemble normal speech. Technically anything that isn't poetry or drama is prose.