PSYC Ch. 9

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PSYC Ch. 9
2011-03-11 16:37:52

personality chapter 9
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  1. psychic energy
    according to Freud a source of energy within each person that motivates him or herto do one thing and not another. (Freud's view is this energy motivates all human activity)
  2. instincts
    Freud believed that there were strong innate forces that provide all the energy in the psychic system
  3. libido
    life instinct
  4. thantos
    death instict
  5. concious mind
    is the part that contains all the thoughts, feelings, and perceptions that you are presently aware of
  6. preconscious mind
    any piece of information that you are not presently thinking about, but that could easily be retrieved and made conscious mind.
  7. unconscious mind
    is that part of the mind about which the conscious mind has no awareness
  8. pleasure principle
    desire for immediate gratification
  9. primary process thinking
    thinking without logical rules of conscious thout or an anchor in reality
  10. wish fulfillment
    whereby something unavailable is conjured up and the image of it is temporary satisfying
  11. ego
    part of mind that constrains the id to reality
  12. secondary process thinking
    which is the development of strategies for solving problems and obtaining satisfaction
  13. superego
    part of the mind that internalizes the values, morals, and ideals of society
  14. defense mechanisms
    strategies for coping with anxiety and threats to self esteem
  15. objective anxiety
  16. neurotic anxiety
    occurs when there is a direct conflict between the id and the ego
  17. moral anxiety
    is caused by a conflict between the ego and superego
  18. defense mechanisms: repression
    the process of preventing unacceptable thoughts, feeliongs, or urges from reaching conscious awareness
  19. defense mechanisms: denial
    a person in denial insistes that things are not what they seem
  20. fundamental attribution error
    when bad events happen to others people have a tendency to attribute blame to some characteristic of the person, whereas badevents happen to oneself, people have the tendency to blame the situation
  21. defense mechanisms: displacement
    a threatening or an unacceptable impulse is channeled or redirected from its original source to a nonthreatening target
  22. defense mechanisms: rationalization
    generating acceptable reasons for outcoms that might otherwise appear socially acceptable
  23. defense mechanisms: reaction formation
    a defense mechanism that refers to an attempt to stifle the expression of an unacceptable urge
  24. defense mechanisms: projection
    is based on the notion that sometimes we see in otehrs the traits and desires we find most upsetting in outselves
  25. false consensus effect
    refers to the tendency many people have to assume that others are similar to them
  26. defense mechanisms: sublimation
    is the channeling of unacceptable sexual or aggressive insticts into socially desired activities
  27. oedipal conflict
    is the unconscious wish to have his mother all by himself by eliminating the father
  28. electra complex
    conterpart for female of oedipal complex (refers to phallic stage)
  29. dreams: manifest content
    what the dream actually contains
  30. dreams: latent content
    what the elements of the dream represent
  31. insight
    in psychoanalysis a patient is gradually led to an understanding of his or her problems
  32. resistance
    when a patient's defenses are threatend by a probing psychoanalyst, the patient may unconsiously set up obstacles to progress
  33. transference
    the patient begins reacting to the analyst as if he or she were an important figure from the patient's own life