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btknipe
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72145
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gu
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2011-03-10 21:01:49
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  1. the group of organs that produces urine, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance for the body
    urinary system
  2. fluid made by kidney and eliminated from the body
    urine
  3. wast derived from ammonia produced through proten metabolism
    urea
  4. male organ system that includes reproductive and and urinary structures.
    genitourinary system
  5. the medical specialty of dealing with kidneys
    nephrology
  6. surgical specialty dealing with urinay/genitourinary system
    urology
  7. pertaining to kidneys
    renal
  8. renal calculi
    kidney stones
  9. microscopic structure within kidney that produces urine
    nephron
  10. notched part of kidney where ureter and other structures join kidney tissue
    hilum
  11. outer tissue of an organ such as kidneys
    cortex
  12. inner tissue of organ such as kidneys
    medulla
  13. visible tissue structures within the medulla of kidneys.
    pyramids
  14. tip of a pyramid; it juts into the hollow space fo the kidney
    papilla
  15. BUN
    blood, urea, and nitrogen
  16. this forms when protein breaks down
    urea nitrogen
  17. hollow space of the kidney that junctions with a ureter
    renal pelvis
  18. tuft of cappilaries from which blood is filtered into a nephron
    glomerulus
  19. hollow , cup shaped first part of the nephron tubule
    Bowman's capsule
  20. part of tubule beyond Bowman capsule
    proximal tubule
  21. beyond proximal tubule
    descending loop of henle
  22. beyond descending loop of henle
    assending loop of henle
  23. tubule beyond ascending loop of henle
    distal tube
  24. larger structure beyond the distal tube into which urine drips
    collecting duct
  25. random motion of molecules form an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
    simple diffusion
  26. diffusion pattern of water in which molecules move to equalize concentrations on both sides of a membrane
    osmosis
  27. the measure of a substances concentration in water
    osmolarity
  28. a solution that has a concentration of the substance greater than that of a second solution
    hyperosmolar
  29. a solution that has a concentration of the substance lower than that of a second solution
    hypo osmolar
  30. a form of molecular diffusion in which a molecule specific carrier in a cell membrane speeds the molecules movement from a region of higher concentration to one of lower concentration
    facilitated diffusion
  31. movement of a molecule through a cell membrane from a regionof lower concentration to one of higher concentration; movement requires energy consumption within the cell
    active transport.
  32. formation and passage of a dilute urine, decreasing blood volume
    diuresis
  33. formation and passage of a concentrated urine, preserving blood volume
    anti diuresis
  34. a waste product caused by metabolism within muscle cells
    creatinine
  35. enzyme produced by kidney cells that plays a key role in controlling arterial blood pressure
    renin
  36. hormone produced by kidney cells that stimulates maturation of red blood cells
    erythropoietin
  37. duct that carries urine from kidney to urinary bladder
    ureter
  38. pain arising in hollow organs such as ureter and bladder
    visceral pain
  39. pain felt in hollow organs such as the ureter and bladder
    referred pain
  40. sudden onset of severly decreased urine production
    acute renal failure
  41. decreased urine elimination to 400 to 500 ml or less per day
    oliguria
  42. no elimination of urine
    anuria
  43. ARF due to decreased blood perfusion of kidneys
    prerenal acute renal failure
  44. ARF due to pathology within the kidney tissue itself
    renal acute renal failure
  45. disease affecting the smallest blood vessels
    microangiopathy
  46. syndrome with sudden death of tubular cells
    acute tubular necrosis
  47. inflammation within the tissue surrounding the nephrons
    interstitial nephritis
  48. ARF due to obstruction distal to the kidney
    post renal acute renal failure
  49. permantly inadequate remal function due to nephron loss
    chronic renal failure
  50. extreme failure of kidney function due to nephron loss
    end stage renal failure
  51. build up of blood urea
    uremia
  52. retention of Na leads to
    retention of K leads to
    • - edem
    • - hyperkalemia
  53. ratio of BUN to creatinine should be
    20
  54. condition where blodder empties uncompletley during urination
    urinary stasis
  55. infection and inflammation of the urinary bladder
    cystitis
  56. infection, usually bacterial, at any site in the urinary tract
    UTI
  57. infection and inflammation of the kidney
    pyelonephritis
  58. inflammation of nephrons
    Glomerulonephritis

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