PH Exam 2 Disaster Mgt

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Author:
allison06
ID:
72181
Filename:
PH Exam 2 Disaster Mgt
Updated:
2011-03-21 22:40:48
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Nursing PH
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Description:
Disaster Management
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  1. (book) List how to prepare for a disaster
    • Find out what could happen to you
    • Create a disaster plan
    • Complete checklist: phone numbers, call 911, turn off water, insurance, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, potential hazards, emergency supplies, first aid/ CPR
    • Practice and maintain your plan
  2. Define Disaster
    A result of a vast ecological breakdown in the relation btwn humans and their environment
  3. List 10 Characteristics of Diasters
    • Death
    • Govt action required
    • Triage
    • Notify Family
    • Evacuation
    • Media
    • Security
    • Emotion of survivors
    • Emotion of responders
    • Property damage
  4. List the Equation for the Risk of Disaster
    Hazard + Vulnerability - Capacity
  5. List examples of Hazard
    Infectious disease, hurricane, chemical spill
  6. List examples of Vulnerability
    • How vulnerable is the population to events of disaster?
    • Dense population, poverty, environmental damage
  7. List examples of Capacity
    Storm-forecasting, construction, emergency response systems
  8. List 2 Major Catagories of Disasters
    • Natural
    • Human-generated
  9. List 2 types of Natural Disasters
    • Sudden impact or acute onset
    • Slow or chronic impact
  10. List 2 types of Human-generated Disasters
    • Unintentional
    • Intentional
  11. List Natural Disasters: Sudden Impact
    • Geological or climate hazards: hurricanes, tornados, storms, floods, tsunamis, temp extreme, landslides, volcanoes
    • Epidemics: food, water, vector-borne dx, communicable dx
  12. List Natural Diasters: Slow/Chronic Impact
    • Drought
    • Famine
    • Environmental degradation
    • Chronic exposure to toxic substances
    • Pest infestation
  13. List Human-generated Disasters: Unintentional
    • Industrial
    • Technological
    • Transportation accidents
    • Fires
    • Environmental accidents
  14. List Human-generated Diasters: Intentional
    • (mnemonic: B-NICE)
    • Biologic: food, water, animals
    • Nuclear: device to spread radioactive
    • Incendiary: fire
    • Chemical: chemical vesicants
    • Explosive: bombs
    • *more recent- technological
  15. List 6 Major Effects of Disasters
    • Morbidity and mortality
    • Health care infrastructure
    • Environment
    • Populations
    • Psychological and social stability
    • Food and water supplies
  16. List 4 Phases of Disaster Mgt
    • Prevention Phase
    • Preparedness Phase
    • Reaction Phase
    • Recovery Phase
  17. Discuss Prevention Phase in Disaster Mgt
    • No disaster apparent, planning
    • Not prevention of hazard
    • Prevent: deaths, effects on health, food & water
    • How to protect systems
  18. Discuss Preparedness Phase in Diaster Mgt
    • Once disaster is recognized
    • How to decrease impact
    • Disaster potentially upon us
  19. Discuss Reaction Phase in Disaster Mgt
    • Immediately post disaster
    • Emergency response itself
    • Most tasks- local populations
    • Public prepardness
  20. Discuss Recovery Phase in Disaster Mgt
    • Post-diaster
    • Rehabilitation
  21. List Nsg Prevention Activities for Disaster Mgt
    • Identify potential hazards
    • Identify vulernablilties
    • Strengthen capacity
    • Educate professionals (including self) and communities
  22. Discuss Education on Disaster Kits: Food
    • Store 3 day water supply, or a week
    • Include foods that require: no refrigeration, little preparation, little water
    • Include foods: non-perishable, low-sodium, high protein
    • Canned veggies- no salt
    • Canned fruits
    • Snacks and comfort foods
  23. Discuss Education on Disaster Kits: Water
    • 1 gal of water per person per day
    • Min 3 day supply
    • Used for food, drinking, and hygiene
    • Rotate water and food q6 months
  24. Discuss Education on Disaster Kits: Meds, General, Special Needs
    • Prescription and non-prescription meds
    • General: batteries, radio, flashlight, matches, can opener, toiletries
    • Special: children entertainment, pet needs
    • Store in plastic bins with secure lids and in stable temps
  25. List Nsg Preparedness Activities for Disaster Mgt
    • Issue timely warnings
    • Implement protective actions
    • Undertake emergency management activities
    • Evacuate population as needed
  26. List Nsg Reaction Activities for Disaster Mgt
    • Implement life-saving action
    • Implement public health surveillance
    • Evacuate populations as needed
    • Restore emergency communications
    • Restore emergency transportation
  27. Define Isolation
    Keeping away to protect others, not pt
  28. Discuss Reasons to Quarantine
    • Isolate entire population
    • Protect pop from one another
    • Keeping impact under control
  29. List 4 Levels of Quarantine
    • No quarantine
    • Shelter-in-place: home curfew (limits unnecessary travel)
    • Targeted restriction on movements and activites: officials cancel public events, stop transmission
    • Compulsory restriction of movements and activites: curfews, state boarders closed, totally immobilize
  30. Discuss START
    • Assess respiration, perfusion, and mental status (RPM)
    • Correct life-threatening conditions
    • Classify and tag
  31. List 4 Classifications in START
    • Morgue
    • Immediate
    • Delayed
    • Minor- walking wounded
  32. List Nsg Recovery Activities for Disaster Mgt
    • Re-establish health services
    • Debrief pop and responders
    • Evaluate response
    • Restore pre-disaster conditions
    • Reconstruct/ repair damage

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