Medication Orders

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Author:
Casey
ID:
72204
Filename:
Medication Orders
Updated:
2011-03-11 00:58:11
Tags:
Medication Orders
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Description:
Medication Orders
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  1. what must a medication order contain?
    • *Name
    • *Med. Rec. #
    • *Hospital #
    • *DOB
    • *Sex
  2. How must time be written on MAR?
    in military time
  3. Who can transcribe med. order?
    • *Pharmacist
    • *RN
    • *Physician
    • *LPN
  4. How do you document medication refusal?
    • 1. Circle time of refusal
    • 2. Write an 'R' under the time and circle it
    • 3. Put your initial
  5. Reasons for documentation
    • *Verification
    • *Legal Purposes
    • *Prevent med. errors of overdosing
  6. What do you document in MAR
    • *Medication given
    • *Pt reaction
    • *Date and Time of Adm.
    • *Route given
  7. When is an antibiotic usually DC?
    After 5-7 days
  8. When is an anticoagulant usually DC?
    3 to 5 days
  9. When is a CNS usually DC?
    3 days
  10. When MUST a doctor write new order?
    After surgery
  11. 6 Right for Med. Adm.
    • - Right patient
    • - Right time
    • - Right medication
    • - Right dosage
    • - Right route
    • - Right documentation
  12. What is your grace period before and after a med. is suppose to be adm. without being early or late?
    30 mins.
  13. Factors influencing the route
    • - properties of drug
    • - site of desired effect
    • - rapidity of response
    • - condition of pt
  14. Tablet
    Dissolves in stomach
  15. Enteric- coated
    • - protect the intestinal stomach
    • - dissolves inside small intestines instead of stomach
  16. Scored
    indented to allow tablet to be broken in half
  17. Capsule
    Power or pellets enclosed in a gelatin-like covering
  18. Suppositories
    Drugs mixed with lubricated substance molded to insert inside body cavities
  19. Lozenge or troche
    sweet mucilage type of tablet that dissolve in mouth to release medication
  20. Topical
    Applied to skin
  21. Instillation
    Applied to the mucous membrane of eye, ear, nose, and vagina or mouth
  22. Inhalation
    Aerosolized liquids, gases
  23. How are percutaneous medications absorbed
    mucous membrane or skin
  24. Ointments
    oil-based semisolid medicaion
  25. Creams
    semisolid, nongreasy emulsions
  26. Saluables
    mix well with water
  27. Effervescent
    bubbles up
  28. Syrup
    usually very thick and sweet
  29. Elixir
    thin, sweet and contain a little alcohol
  30. Suspension
    powdered drug combined with water
  31. Emulsion
    powdered drugs combined with oil

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