Bio II opowell

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Anonymous
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Bio II opowell
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2010-02-18 21:57:47
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opowell bio II
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San Jacinto
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    • Seedless vascular plant
    • Whisk fern
    • sporeophyte
  1. Name ma
    • Moss
    • Sporophyte generation
    • Moss is diploid and produces haploid spores by meiosis
    • The spores develop by mitosis and produce a gametophyte
  2. 1. What does the gametophyte generation produce?
    2. Fusion of the gametes at fertilization produces _______.
    3. The _____ divides by mitosis to produce the ________ sporophyte.
    • 1. haploid gametes called egg and sperm
    • 2. zygote
    • 3. zygote, diploid
  3. 1. Plants are classified under domain _______ and kingdom _______.
    2. Plants are terrestrial, __________ _________ that produce food by photosynthesis.
    • 1. Eukarya, plantae
    • 2. multicellular eukaryotes
  4. 1. The _____ _______ functions to anchor the plant below ground and absorb water and ions.
    2. The ______ ________ above the ground allows the pland to receive sun for photosynthesis
    3. __________ ______ is internal tissue that transports food and water
    • 1. Root system
    • 2. Shoot system
    • 3. Vascular tissue
  5. 1. The Vascular tissue includes __________ and __________.
    1. Xylem and phloem
  6. 1.What does xylem do?
    1. Transports water from the roots to the leaves.
  7. What does Phloem do?
    transports sugars and dissolved organic compounds
  8. What provides strength and permit upright growth?
    Lignin reinforced tissues
  9. What retains moisture within the plant?
    What is it?
    • Cuticle
    • A transparent covering of wax.
  10. What allows oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffuse across the leaf?
    Were are they located?
    • Stomata
    • underside of the leaves
  11. What is the stomata surrounded by?
    2 guard cells
  12. What do guard cells do and where are they located?
    regulate the opening and closing of the stomata

    They are located around the stomata
  13. The seedless, nonvascular plants and the seedless vascular plants depend on a sheet of water. What purpose does this serve?
    Allows the sperm to swim to the egg.
  14. Gymnosperms disperse the species by a
    seed
  15. What are the bryophytes?
    seedless, nonvascular plants with dependent embryos
  16. What develops lignin for support and vascular tissues?
    seedless vascular plants
  17. What are the characteristic of kingdom plantae?
    • multicellular
    • Primarily terrestrial eukaryotes
    • well developed tissues
    • autotrophic by photosynthesis
    • alteration of generations
    • protection of embryo
  18. Name the phylum for non vascular plants.
    • Anthoceropyta- hornworts
    • Hepatophyta- liverworts
    • Bryophyta- mosses
  19. What is the phylum for hornworts?
    anthocerophyta
  20. What is the phylum for liverworts?
    Hepatophyta
  21. What is the phylum for mosses?
    Bryophyta
  22. What is the phylum for lycophyta?
    club mosses
  23. What is the phylum for sphenophyta?
    Horsetails
  24. What is the phylum for psilotophyta
    Whisk fern
  25. What is the phylum for pterophyta?
    ferns
  26. Name the phylums for seedless vascular plants.
    • lycophyta-club mosses
    • sphenophyta-horsetails
    • psilotophyta-whisk ferns
    • pterophyta-ferns
  27. Name the phylums for seed plants (gymnosperms).
    • coniferophyta-conifers
    • cycadophyta-cyads
    • ginkophyta-ginko tree
    • gnetophyta-gnetophytes
  28. What is the phylum for conifers?
    coniferophyta
  29. What is the phylum for cycads?
    cycadophyta
  30. What is the phylum for ginkgo tree?
    ginetopyta
  31. What are flowering plants?
    angiosperms
  32. Gametophyte produces:
    (n) haploid gamates
  33. The sporophyte generation is
    diploid (2n)
  34. When does meiosis occur in the animal life cycle?
    When producing gametes. (off spring)
  35. When does meiosis occur in the plant life cycle?
  36. The __________generation produces gamates
    gametophyte generation
  37. The sperm/egg zygote is
    diploid (2n)
  38. The male in Bryophoyta is called
    anthroidium
  39. The female in Bryophyta (moss) is called
    archegonium
  40. In Bryophyta (moss) the ______ contains the ____.
    capsule; meiospores
  41. In bryophyta, when the capsule bursts it releases ___________.
    meiosphores
  42. The bryophytes are seedless nonvascular plants and include what plants?
    • liverwort
    • hornwort

    mosses
  43. Why are the bryophytes short and grow close to the ground?
    because the lack of a vascular tissue.
  44. In the seedless non vascular plant, the sporophyte has a long stalk with a capsule called the ______.
    sporangium
  45. What is the covering of the capsule that opens to release the haploid spores?
    operculum
  46. In the bryophytes, the antheridium is
    (n)haploid
  47. The moss sporophyte develops from the zygote within an
    archegonium
  48. Liverwort's genus name is
    Marchantia
  49. The liverwort looks like a
    martini glass
  50. On the liverwort, what is the green vegetive structure produced on the upper surface of the thallus?
    gemma cup
  51. In the liverwort, what is the flat leaflike structure that grows along the ground?
    thallus
  52. I
  53. In the Liverwort, Where is the sperm produced?
    antheridia
  54. In the liverwort, where are the eggs produced?
    archegonia
  55. The female liverwart with eggs looks like an
    umbrella
  56. In the liverwort, the male looks like a
    martini glass
  57. In the liverwort, Female gametophytes bear what?
    archegonia
  58. List the seedless vascular plants include what plants?
    • whisk ferns
    • club mosses,
    • horsetails and ferns
  59. Why are seedless vascular plants called amphibians of plants?
    because they live on land, but still need water to reproduce.
  60. List the vascular tissues in the seedless vascular plants
    xylem, phloem, lignin
  61. What does xylem, phloem and lignin permit?
    upright growth and roots, stems and leaves
  62. What generation dominates the seedless vascular plants?
    sporophyte generation

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