Bio II opowell
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- Seedless vascular plant
- Whisk fern
- Sporophyte generation
- Moss is diploid and produces haploid spores by meiosis
- The spores develop by mitosis and produce a gametophyte
1. What does the gametophyte generation produce?
2. Fusion of the gametes at fertilization produces _______.
3. The _____ divides by mitosis to produce the ________ sporophyte.
- 1. haploid gametes called egg and sperm
- 2. zygote
- 3. zygote, diploid
1. Plants are classified under domain _______ and kingdom _______.
2. Plants are terrestrial, __________ _________ that produce food by photosynthesis.
- 1. Eukarya, plantae
- 2. multicellular eukaryotes
1. The _____ _______ functions to anchor the plant below ground and absorb water and ions.
2. The ______ ________ above the ground allows the pland to receive sun for photosynthesis
3. __________ ______ is internal tissue that transports food and water
- 1. Root system
- 2. Shoot system
- 3. Vascular tissue
1. The Vascular tissue includes __________ and __________.
1. Xylem and phloem
1.What does xylem do?
1. Transports water from the roots to the leaves.
What does Phloem do?
transports sugars and dissolved organic compounds
What provides strength and permit upright growth?
Lignin reinforced tissues
What retains moisture within the plant?
What is it?
- A transparent covering of wax.
What allows oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffuse across the leaf?
Were are they located?
- underside of the leaves
What is the stomata surrounded by?
2 guard cells
What do guard cells do and where are they located?
regulate the opening and closing of the stomata
They are located around the stomata
The seedless, nonvascular plants and the seedless vascular plants depend on a sheet of water. What purpose does this serve?
Allows the sperm to swim to the egg.
Gymnosperms disperse the species by a
What are the bryophytes?
seedless, nonvascular plants with dependent embryos
What develops lignin for support and vascular tissues?
seedless vascular plants
What are the characteristic of kingdom plantae?
- Primarily terrestrial eukaryotes
- well developed tissues
- autotrophic by photosynthesis
- alteration of generations
- protection of embryo
Name the phylum for non vascular plants.
- Anthoceropyta- hornworts
- Hepatophyta- liverworts
- Bryophyta- mosses
What is the phylum for hornworts?
What is the phylum for liverworts?
What is the phylum for mosses?
What is the phylum for lycophyta?
What is the phylum for sphenophyta?
What is the phylum for psilotophyta
What is the phylum for pterophyta?
Name the phylums for seedless vascular plants.
- lycophyta-club mosses
- psilotophyta-whisk ferns
Name the phylums for seed plants (gymnosperms).
- ginkophyta-ginko tree
What is the phylum for conifers?
What is the phylum for cycads?
What is the phylum for ginkgo tree?
What are flowering plants?
(n) haploid gamates
The sporophyte generation is
When does meiosis occur in the animal life cycle?
When producing gametes. (off spring)
When does meiosis occur in the plant life cycle?
The __________generation produces gamates
The sperm/egg zygote is
The male in Bryophoyta is called
The female in Bryophyta (moss) is called
In Bryophyta (moss) the ______ contains the ____.
In bryophyta, when the capsule bursts it releases ___________.
The bryophytes are seedless nonvascular plants and include what plants?
Why are the bryophytes short and grow close to the ground?
because the lack of a vascular tissue.
In the seedless non vascular plant, the sporophyte has a long stalk with a capsule called the ______.
What is the covering of the capsule that opens to release the haploid spores?
In the bryophytes, the antheridium is
The moss sporophyte develops from the zygote within an
Liverwort's genus name is
The liverwort looks like a
On the liverwort, what is the green vegetive structure produced on the upper surface of the thallus?
In the liverwort, what is the flat leaflike structure that grows along the ground?
In the Liverwort, Where is the sperm produced?
In the liverwort, where are the eggs produced?
The female liverwart with eggs looks like an
In the liverwort, the male looks like a
In the liverwort, Female gametophytes bear what?
List the seedless vascular plants include what plants?
- whisk ferns
- club mosses,
- horsetails and ferns
Why are seedless vascular plants called amphibians of plants?
because they live on land, but still need water to reproduce.
List the vascular tissues in the seedless vascular plants
xylem, phloem, lignin
What does xylem, phloem and lignin permit?
upright growth and roots, stems and leaves
What generation dominates the seedless vascular plants?
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