EMTB-11 Ch28 Musculoskeletal Injuries

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EMTB-11 Ch28 Musculoskeletal Injuries
2011-03-11 07:31:31
Chapter28 Musculoskeletal Injuries

Musculoskeletal Injuries
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  1. extremities
    Portions of the skeleton that include the upper extr.: clavicles, scapulae, arms, wrists, & hands. And lower extr.: pelvis, thighs, legs, ankles, & feet.
  2. bones
    hard but flexible living structures that provide support for the body & protection for vital organs
  3. joints
    places where bones meet.
  4. muscles
    tissues or fibers that cause movement of body parts & organs.
  5. cartilage
    tough tissue that covers the joint ends of bones & helps to form certain body parts such as the ear.
  6. tendons
    tissues that connect muscle to bone.
  7. ligaments
    connective tissues that connect bone to bone.
  8. traction splint
    splint that applies constant pull along the length of a lower extremity to help stabilize the fractured bone & to reduce muscle spasm in the limb. Traction splints are used primarly on femoral shaft fractures.
  9. fracture
    any break in a bone.
  10. dislocation
    disruption or coming parts of a joint.
  11. sprain
    stretching & tearing of ligaments.
  12. strain
    muscle injury resulting from overstretching or overexertion of the muscle.
  13. closed extremity injury
    injury with no opening in the skin.
  14. open extremity injury
    injury in which the skin has been broken or torn through.
  15. crepitus
    grating sensation or sound made when fractured bone ends rub together.
  16. manual traction
    process of applying tension to straighten & realign a fractured limb before splinting. Also called tension.
  17. hazards of splinting