Card Set Information
history psych exam
history of psych exam2
Structuralism... which was too narrow and restrictive...functionalism sought to include useful, practical functions of the mind and consciousness
Zeitgeist- Science...mind as it functions...practicality
shift from biblical authority
What did functionalism lead to...
Increased research on animal behavior, thus behaviorism
Study of children and mental retardation--- educational applications.
-Long tradition of Experimental biology and Animal Psych.
-Scientific Materialism... Mind & Behavior can be explained using concepts from math and physics.
-avoid supernatural forces
-Loeb and McDougall
- Animal behaviorism....
-Movement toward Objective study
Favored objectivity, adaptability, application
consciousness gone from psychology
Behaviorism led to...
Fundamental tenet- strict objectivity, no consciousness
-Objective observation had surpassed introspection
-data in measurable terms
-finally a true science
- past 5 decades it has died out
-Cognitive focus has returned
Mach- Analysis of sensations...space-form/time-form
-Ehrenfels...triangle will always be a triangle
-james.. we see unified objects, not groups of sensations
-Phenomenologists.. Immediate experience, meaning in experience
Germany was ready for something different in Psych.
Gestalt led to...
Looked at an old problem in a new way
-refreshed and stimulated psychology
-influenced study of perception and learning theories
-Major tenets have not been absorbed into mainstream - Interest in consciousness
No sharp distinction between man and animal
Mind in animals would be support for evolution
-Movement in physics
-Define concepts by operations used to observe them
-Science is ultimately physical; based on observable facts
-All Science issues can be examined via physics and operationism/must be objectively observable
-Cause and effect
-Purely Objective, no room for subjective
-predict and control behavior
-eradicate distinction between animals and humans
Instincts- emotions, thinking, learning and conditioning, and personality