MSA1: Midterm Review

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BashaP
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72741
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MSA1: Midterm Review
Updated:
2011-03-14 14:00:36
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Antomy musculoskeletal system
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Midterm Review Sheet
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  1. Parts of the Vertebrae- spinous process, transverse process, body, intervertebral disc (IVD)
  2. Spinous Process
  3. Transverse Process
  4. vertebral body
  5. Intervertebral Disc
  6. What type of cartilage is the IVD composed of?
    Fibrocartilage
  7. List the 5 classifications for bones
    • Long
    • Short
    • Sesamoid
    • Irregular
    • Flat
  8. Flexion of the Shoulder moves in which anatomical plane?
    Saggital
  9. ABduction of the shoulder moves in which anatomical plane?
    coronal
  10. rotating/twisting the spine moves in which anatomical plane?
    transverse
  11. Define anatomical position
    Toes and head pointed forward, with arms by side, palms forward, feet 6-8 inches apart
  12. What are the three parts of the sternum (list cephalic to caudal)
    Manubrium, Body, Xiphoid process
  13. In anatomical position, the ulna is _____ to the radius?
    medial
  14. The humerus is located ______ to the scapula, in relation to the spine?
    Lateral
  15. Motion to the opposite side is defined as ________?
    contralateral
  16. The motion describing movement to the same side of the body is known as ____________.
  17. The body of the sternum is superior to _______
    the xiphoid process
  18. The xiphoid process is inferior to what part of the sternum?
    the body or manubrium of the sternum
  19. Your elbow is _______ to your AC joint
    distal
  20. the olecranon process is ______ to the carpals
    proximal
  21. The clavicle and the scapula create the ________.
    Pectoral Girdle
  22. at what joint do the clavicle and the scapula join?
    Acromioclavicular joint (AC joint)
  23. #12
    12= Subscapular fossa
  24. #2
    Spine of scapula
  25. #1
    Supraspinous Fossa
  26. #3
    Supraspinous Fossa
  27. #10
    Acromion Process
  28. #11
    Coracoid Process
  29. #2
    Glenoid Fossa
  30. #10
    Superior Angle
  31. #5
    Inferior Angle
  32. #4
    lateral border, auxillary border
  33. #6
    Vertebral border, medial border
  34. #11
    Coracoid Process
  35. Name the bones that make up the Upper Limb
    Humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges
  36. The bone that articulates with the glenoid fossa and the radius and ulna is _________.
    the humerus
  37. Function of a joint (2)
    • Bind bones together
    • Allow for movement and bone growth
  38. What is a joint?
    articulations between bones
  39. A thin, shiny, and vascular layer of a joint surrounding the synovial cavity
    Synovial Membrane
  40. The synovial membrane secretes __________, which main function is to lubricate the joint.
    synovial fluid
  41. The main function of articular cartilage within a synovial joint
    Reduce friction during joint movement
  42. The fluid filled sac within a joint capsule aiding in movement and cushioning of tendons over bony areas is known as _________.
    the bursae
  43. dense connective tissue connecting bone to bone is called ________.
    ligaments
  44. Three types of joints found in the body (name and give example of each)
    • Fibrous (sutures in the skull)
    • Cartilaginous (vertibral column)
    • Synovial (shoulder)
  45. Bones that are connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage and allow for little to no movement to occur
    Cartilaginous Joints
  46. True or False: Synarthrotic joints allow for a little bit of movement.
    False, NO MOVEMENT
  47. A joint that is slightly movable are also known as __________.
    ampiarthrotic
  48. Joints closely bound together with dense CT, also classified as synarthrotic are called _______ joints.
    Fibrous Joints
  49. A fibrous joint found in the skull, bound together with dense connective tissue is futher classified as what type of fibrous Joints?

    A. Ampiarthrotic
    B. Suture
    C. Gomphosis
    C. Gomphosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. The teeth have synarthrotic joints that are classified as _______.

    a. Gomphosis
    b. Slightly movable
    c. suture
    Gomphosis
  51. The amount of movement allowed in a fibrous joint is described as _________.
    A. ampiarthrotic
    B. synarthrotic
    C. diarthrotic
    B. synarthrotic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Synchondrosis and Symphysis joints are classified as what type of joint?
    A. cartilaginous
    B. fibrous
    C. synovial
    A. cartilaginous joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. The epiphyseal plate, sternum, and first rib bound together by bands of hyaline cartilage is an example of what cartilaginous joint?
    Syndronchosis
  54. Cartilaginous joints bound together by fibrous cartilage is an example of ________ joints

    A. symphysis
    B. syndronchosis
    C. diarthrotic
    A. symphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The symphysis pubis of pelvis is classified as what kind of joint?

    A. Suture
    B. Synovial
    C. Fibrous
    D. Cartilaginous
    D. Cartilaginous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. True or False: In regard to cartilaginous joints, the cartilage found at a symphysis joint is Hyaline cartilage.
    False- FIBROCARTILAGE
  57. Name the 6 types of Synovial Joints
    • 1. Ball and Socket
    • 2. Hinge
    • 3. Pivot
    • 4. Gliding
    • 5. Saddle
    • 6. Condyloid
  58. The shoulder joint is an example of what type of synovial joint?
    1. Ball and Socket
    2. Hinge
    3. Pivot
    4. Gliding
    5. Saddle
    6. Condyloid
    1. Ball and socket
  59. The thumb is classified as what type of synovial joint?
    1. Ball and Socket
    2. Hinge
    3. Pivot
    4. Gliding
    5. Saddle
    6. Condyloid
    5. Saddle Joint
  60. The knee is what type of synovial joint?
    Hinge
  61. our knuckles, or MCP joints, are examples of what type of synovial joint?
    Condyloid Joint
  62. Allow for movement in only one plane (flexion and extension) would be classified as what type of synovial joint?
    Hinge
  63. The proximal ends of the radius and ulna joint by what kind of synovial joint?
    Pivot
  64. Flat or slightly curved articular bones that allow for sliding and twisting movements are joined by what type of synovial joint?
    Gliding Joint
  65. When a convex and concave regions articulate allowing for movement mainly in two planes is known as what kind of synovial joint?
    Saddle Joint
  66. An oval-shaped condyle of bones articulates with the elliptical cavity of another bone is joined at what type of synovial joint?
    Condyloid Joint
  67. The antlantoaxial joint, where C1 and C2 articulate is classified as what type of synovial joint?
    Pivot Joint
  68. This type of synovial joint allows for the most ROM. The "egg" shape head of a bone articulates with a cup shape cavity of another bones.
    Ball and socket
  69. The joints found between our carpals/tarsals are what type of synovial joint?
    Gliding Joint
  70. The elbow is an example of what type of synovial joint?
    Hinge joint
  71. Is there diarthrotic movement in synovial joints?
    yes!
  72. When giving someone a "High Five" two muscle actions that are taking place are _______ and ________.

    a. Flexion of the elbow
    b. extension of the elbow
    c. external rotation of the shoulder
    d. flexion of the shoulder
    e. extension of the shoulder
  73. b. extension of the elbow
    c. flexion of the shoulder
  74. A synarthrotic joint allows for slight movement. True or false?
    False- synarthrotic joints allow for no movement
  75. Diarthrotic joints are most prevalant of the kinds of joints found in the body. True or False
    True
  76. In this type of joint, the articulating surfaces of involved bones composed of hyaline cartilage. The fxn is to reduce friction during joint movement.
    Synovial Joint

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