PHARMACOLOGY CH 11

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leti563
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72790
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PHARMACOLOGY CH 11
Updated:
2011-03-14 03:06:20
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PHAR 100 CH 11
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  1. RDA
    Recommended Daily Allowances
  2. DRI
    Dietary Reference Intake
  3. Fat Soluble Vitamins
    • A,D,E,K
    • Bind to lipids (fat)
    • Absorbed in GI Tract
  4. Vitamin A
    900 mc/day
    • Necc For: Good Vision, Wound Healing
    • Deficiencies: Night blindness
    • Sources: Liver, Whole Milk, Eggs.
    • 900 mcg/ day
  5. Vitamin D
    600 IU/ day
    • Necc For: Absorption of Calcium for bone and teeth.
    • Defficiensies: Ricketts from Child Deprivation.
    • Sources: Produced in skin by UV lights
    • 600 IU/ day
  6. Vitamin E
    15 mg/Day
    • Neccessary For: Immune system Function. Protects cell membranes form oxidation.
    • Defficiencies: in alcoholic Abuse, malabsorption syndrome
    • Sources- Seeds, nuts, fprtofied cereals
    • 15 mg/day
  7. Vitamin K
    120 mcg/day
    • Neccessary For: Blood Clott Formation
    • Defficiencies: In Alcohoic patients on anticoagulants
    • Sources: Green Leefy Vegetables
    • 120 mcg/day
  8. Vitamin B-1
    1.2 mg/day
    • Neccessary for: Nerve and cardiovascular system function
    • Defficiencies: Chronic alcoholism
    • Sources: Fortified Breads and cereals, meat, fish and milk
    • 1.2 mg/ day
  9. Vitamin B-2
    1.3 mg/day
    • Neccessary for: Growth and development
    • Defficiencies: Alcoholism, poor diet
    • Sources: Nuts, milk, green veggies.
    • 1.3 mg/day
  10. Vitamin B-3
    16 mg/day
    • Neccessary For: Lipid (fat) metabolism. Nerve function, Might help reduce cholesterol.
    • Defficinecies: Pellagra
    • Sources: Nuts,
    • Poultry,
    • fish,
    • lean meats
  11. Vitamin B-9
    400 mcg/ day
    • Neccessary for: Production of Red blood cells
    • Defficiencies: Neural tube deffects
    • Sources: spinach, aspargus, grains
  12. Vitamin B-12
    2.4 mcg/day
    • Neccessary For: Maturation of Red Blood Cells, Digestion of Carbs
    • Defficiencies: Leads to Pernicuous anemia
    • Sources: Meat (Liver) milk Products
    • 2.4 mcg/ day
  13. Vitamin C
    90 mg/day
    • Neccessary for: Collagen Production, Absorption of Iron
    • Defficiencys: Scurvy
    • Sources: Citrus Fruits, Vegetables, tomatoes
    • 90 mg/day
  14. Sodium
    mg/day
    • Neccessary For: Normal Fluid balance
    • Defficiencies: From fluid loss, Vommitting, diarrhea, exercise, bleeding.
    • Sources: Table Salt, IV Fluids.
    • mg/ day
  15. Potassium
    4000 mg/day
    • Neccessary for: Action Potential
    • Defficiency: Rapidly lost from body by excessive urinatioin, or vommitting
    • Sources: Excessive levels can lead to cardiac arrest.
    • 1 gm/ day
  16. Calcium
    1 gm/ day
    • Neccessary for: Bone and teeth formation
    • Defficiency: Osteoperosis
    • Sources: Dairy Products
    • 1 gm/day
  17. Iron
    8 mg/day
    • Neccesary for: Productin of Hemoglobin
    • Defficiency: Causes Iron Defficiency Anemia
    • (the most common Anemia)
    • Sources: Liver, Lean red meat, oysters, Green leefy veggies
    • 8 mg/ day
  18. Zinc
    11 mg/day
    • Neccessary for: DNA Metabolism
    • Defficiencys: Vegetarian Diets, Malabsorption
    • Sources: Oysters, lean meat
    • 11 mg/day

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