Cardiac Mnemonic

Card Set Information

Author:
nissanselinda.vue
ID:
72876
Filename:
Cardiac Mnemonic
Updated:
2011-03-14 16:35:58
Tags:
Cardiac Mnemonic
Folders:

Description:
Cardiac Mnemonic
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user nissanselinda.vue on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Aortic Stenosis Characteristics: SAD
    • Syncope
    • Angina
    • Dyspnea
  2. MI Basic Management: BOOMAR
    • Bed rest
    • Oxygen
    • Opiates
    • Monitor
    • Anticoagulate
    • Reduce clot size
  3. Causes of Pericarditis: CARDIAC RIND
    • Collagen vascular disease
    • Aortic Aneursym
    • Radiation
    • Drugs (hydralazine)
    • Infections
    • Acute renal infections
    • Cardiac infarction
    • Rheumatic fever
    • Injury
    • Neoplasm
    • Dressler's Syndrome
  4. Systolic Murmurs: SAPS
    • Systolic
    • Aortic
    • Pulmonary
    • Stenosis
    • (mitral and tricuspid regurg = systolic)
  5. MI SSx: PULSE
    • Persistent chest pain
    • Upset stomach
    • Lightheadedness
    • Shortness or breath
    • Excessive sweating
  6. Right vs. Left Murmur loudness: RILE
    • RIGHT sided heart louder on INSPIRATION
    • LEFT sided heart louder on EXPIRATION
  7. ST Elevation: ELEVATION
    • Electrolytes
    • LBBB
    • Early repolarization
    • Ventricular hypertrophy
    • Aneursym
    • Treatment (percardioccentesis)
    • Injury (AMI, contusion)
    • Osbourne waves (hypothermia)
    • Non-occlusive vasospasm
  8. Cardiac tamponade (Beck's Triad): 3 D's
    • Distant heart sounds
    • Distended jugular vein
    • Decreased arterial perssure
  9. Causes of CHF exacerbation: FAILURE
    • Forgot medications
    • Arrhythmias/Anaemia
    • Ischemia/Infarction/Infections
    • Lifestyle (salt intake)
    • Upregulation of CO (prego, hyperthy)
    • Renal failure
    • Embolism (pulmonary)
  10. Systolic vs. Diastolic murmurs: PASS/PAID
    • Pulmonic & Aortic Stenosis= Systolic
    • Pulmonic & Aortic Insufficiency= Diastolic
  11. Epidemiology: Mitral Stenosis (MS) vs Mitral Regurgitation (MR)
    • MS: female title-more common in female
    • MR: male titel-more common in male
  12. JUP elevation causes HOLT
    • Heart failure
    • Obstruction of vena cava
    • Lymphatic enlargement-supraclavicular
    • Thoracic (intra) pressure increase
  13. Causes of ST depression:DEPRESSED ST
    • Drooping valve (MVP)
    • Enlargment of LV w/ strain
    • Potassium loss (hypokalemia)
    • Reciporcal ST-depression (I/W AMI)
    • Embolism (pulmonary)
    • Subendocardial ischemia
    • Subendocardial infarction
    • Encephalon hemorrhage (ICH)
    • Dilated cardiomyopathy
    • Shock
    • Toxicity of digitalis, quinidine
  14. Innocent Murmurs features : 8 S's
    • Soft
    • Systolic
    • Short
    • Sounds (S1/S2) normal
    • Symptomless
    • Special test normal (xray, ekg)
    • Standing/Sitting
    • Sternal depression
  15. Location and discription of murmurs: MRS ASS
    • MRS: Mitral regurgitation = systolic
    • ASS: Aortic Stenosis = systolic
    • (making MS and AR = diastolic)
  16. Cardioseletive BB: Betablocker Acting Exclusively At My cardium (BAEMA)
    • Betaxolol
    • Acebutelol
    • Esmolol
    • Atentolol
    • Metoprolol
  17. Coronary artery bypass graft indication: DUST
    • Depressed Ventricular Function
    • Unstable angina
    • Stenosis of the left main stem
    • Triple vessel disease
  18. Heart Murmur: hARD ASS MRS MSD
    • hARD: Aortic Regurg = Diastolic
    • ASS: Aortic Stenosis = Systolic
    • MRS: Mitral Regurg = Systolic
    • MSD: Mitral Stenosis = Diastolic
  19. SVT Treatment: ABCDE
    • Adenosine
    • Beta Blocker
    • Calcium channel antagonist
    • Digoxin
    • Excitation (vagal stimulation)
  20. V.Tach Treatment: LAMB
    • Lidocaine
    • Amiodarone
    • Mexiltene/Magnesium
    • Beta Blocker
  21. Causes of pulseless electrical activity: PATCH MED
    • PE
    • Acidosis
    • Tension pneumothorax
    • Cardiac tamponade
    • HypoK/HyperK/Hypoxia/Hypothermia/Hypovol
    • MI
    • Electrolytes derangements
    • Drugs
  22. Rheumatic Fever-Jones Criteria
    Major: CANCER
    Minor: CAFE PAL
    • Carditis
    • Arthritis
    • Nodules
    • Chorea
    • Erythema (marginatum)
    • Rheumatic Anamnesis

    • CRP increased
    • Arthralgia
    • Fever
    • Elevated ESR
    • Prolong PR interval
    • Anamnesis of rheumatism
    • Leukocytosis
  23. CI to exercise ramp: RAMP
    • Recent MI
    • Aortic Stenosis
    • MI in the past 7 days
    • Pulmonary HTN
  24. Causes of T wave inversion: INVERT
    • Ishemia
    • Normality (young, black)
    • Ventricular Hypertrophy
    • Ectopic foci (calcified plaques)
    • RBBB/LBBB
    • Treatments (digoxin)
  25. Causes of A.Fib: PIRATES
    • Pulmonary (PE, COPD)
    • Iatrogenic
    • Rheumatic heart (MR)
    • Arthersclerotic (MI, CAD)
    • Thyroid (hyperthy)
    • Endocarditis
    • Sick sinus syndrome
  26. Managment of A.Fib: ABCD
    • Anticoagulate
    • BB
    • Cardiovert
    • Digoxin
  27. Anti-arrhythmias for AV blocks: Do Block AV
    • Digoxin
    • BB
    • Adenosine
    • Verapamil
  28. Systolic murmurs: MR PV TRAPS
    • Mitral
    • Regurgitation
    • Prolaspe
    • Ventricle spetal defect
    • Tricuspid
    • Regurgitation
    • Aortic &
    • Pulmonary
    • Stenosis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview