Behaviorism

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Author:
drburke
ID:
72968
Filename:
Behaviorism
Updated:
2011-03-14 21:33:59
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behaviorism
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Description:
hist of psych exam 2
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  1. Loeb
    • Detailed mechanical descriptions of animal behavior
    • Tropisms- specific directed mechanical movements of animals and plants when stimulated
  2. McDougall
    • Psych should be study of behavior, not mind
    • purposive behaviorism
    • behavior has a purpose/ aimed @specific goal
  3. Small
    Rats/mazes to study animal intelligence
  4. Yerkes
    • Comparative PSych.
    • Discrimination training, mazes
  5. Washburn
    • Animal mind
    • Concerned solely w/ animal behavior
  6. Sechenov
    • Russian physiologist
    • psyche function of the brain and nervous system
    • psychical activity explained by reflexes
  7. Bekhterov
    • Rival of Pavlov
    • Conditioning= Associative reflexes
    • Study reflexes by looking at motor responses
    • habits due to motor responses
    • physiology
  8. Watson
    • born into religion
    • backwards ppr
    • no introspection
    • purely objective
    • infants w/ hopkins
    • Instincts
    • emotions- body reaction to specific stimuli
    • thinking is subvocal talking, muscular habit
  9. Holt
    • consciousness
    • -relationship between sensorimotor exp. and the object
    • Behavioral development
    • - internal and external motivation lead to learning
  10. Weiss
    • complex ideas
    • psychology= biosocial interaction
    • psychology as a natural science
  11. Tolman
    • Purposive behavior- all behavior is goal directed
    • All behavior can be modified by experience
    • impacte modern day cognitive theories of learning
    • intervening variables
  12. Guthrie
    • Simple learning theory
    • -one trial learning
    • -ACT= series of movements-- many trials before learning can occur
  13. Hull
    • Scientific method
    • Behavior is an interaction between organism and environment
    • no consciousness/ frame of reference
    • robotic like behavior/ mechanistic
    • simple/ systematic

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