MOD B UNIT 1 VOCAB

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
73077
Filename:
MOD B UNIT 1 VOCAB
Updated:
2011-03-16 11:56:36
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MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
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MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY
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  1. Bones are connected to one another by fibrous bands of tissue called what?
    Ligaments
  2. Muscles are attached to the bone by fibrous bands of tissue called what?
    Tendons
  3. Which skeleton consists of the skull, rib cage, and spine?
    Axial skeleton
  4. Which skeleton consists of shoulder bones, collar bones, pelvic bones, arms, and legs?
    Appendicular
  5. A traumatic injury to a joint involving the overstretching, tearing, or rupturing of ligaments? Includes swelling, pain, and discoloration of the skin.
    Sprain
  6. Lesser injury usually described as an overuse, overstretching or tearing of the muscle and/or tendon?
    Strain
  7. If the bone is partially out of the joint, it is considered to be what?
    Subluxation
  8. Softening of bone caused by a loss of minerals from bony matrix as a result of vitamin D deficiency?
    Osteomalacia
  9. Infection of the bone and bone marrow?
    Osteomyelitis
  10. Loss of bone mass, which results in the bones being fragile and at risk for fractures?
    Osteoporosis
  11. Compression injury that manifests itself as fluctuating pain, numbness, and paresthesias of the hand caused by compression of the median nerve at the wrist?
    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
  12. Joint disease characterized by degenerative articular cartilage and wearing down of the bones' edges at a joint; considered "wear and tear" disorder. Also called DJD.
    Osteoarthritis (RA)
  13. Inflammatory joint disease believed to be autoimmune in nature; occurs in a much younger population (ages 20-45) than OA? SPELL
    Rheumatoid arthritis
  14. Lower back pain?
    Lumbago
  15. Spondyl/o
    Verebra
  16. Lateral S curve of the spine that can cause an individual to lose inches in height?
    Scoliosis
  17. Abnormal condition of narrowing of the spinal canal with attendant pain, sometimes caused by osteoarthritis or spondylolisthesis?
    Spinal stenosis
  18. -listhesis
    Slipping
  19. Disorder characterized by musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, muscle stiffness and spasms, and sleep disturbances.
    Fibromyalgia
  20. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  21. Visual examination of a joint, accomplished by use of an arthroscope?
    Arthroscopy
  22. Procedure that records the electrical activity of muscles? AKA EMG.
    Electromyography
  23. -centesis
    Surgical puncture
  24. Surgical puncture of a joint to remove fluid?
    Arthrocentesis
  25. Microorginisms that require oxygen are called what?
    Aerobes
  26. Microorganisms that prefer anaerobic (oxygen-free) conditions are called?
    Anaerobes

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