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what is history?
an analytical method of inquiry
why do we study history?
to master analytical skills
Ask or answer at least one ? per class
Track the teacher (eye contact)
Read the paragraph
Ask what the main idea and two supporting details
Put it in your own words
frame of reference
to be unbiased is to be
5 steps of the historical method
first hand account from time period
wasnt there heard about it difference relates to time and place
what are the 3 historical eras?
ancient medieval modern
after ancient period and before modern era
roman roads provided...
trade commerce transportation and communication
where did rome rule from?
one central hub
who conquered rome when?
barbarians in 476
who were the last of the invasions?
when did the dark ages start?
what were the two midieval social classes?
privaleged- clergy nobility
nonprivaleged- serfs peasants
what political system dominated the middle ages and explain
feudalism- very decentralized. thousands of kingdoms. a lord gave vassal land and could make any laws as long as they are loyal to the king and got him military support. lord gave land to knights who granted land to serfs and peasants in return for service and payment to him
explain peoples view on religion in this time period
was very important to them because their life wasnt very good so if they were good chirstians you go to heaven. hence cathedrals and chapels in the center of castles
explain how people got military support in this time period
the king got military support through the feudalism relationship
where did it begin?
means rebirth. it was the transitioin from midieval to modern time. it began in Italy
list the prompts of the age of exploration
1. center of midieval life = religion which led to
2. the crusades which led to
3. the revival of trade and commerce which led to
4. rebirth of cities and towns which led to
5. emergence of the middle class which led to
6. guilds to regulate/centralize economics which led to
7. town governments/ city states to regulate and centralize polotics which led to
8. trade associations to regulate and centralize economics which led to
9. nation states to regulate and centralize polotics which led to
10. age of exploration to avoid italian/muslim trade monopolies
what were the two phases of the age of exploration?
to find new trade routes to india and asia
looking for riches in the new world
who was prince henry and what did he do?
portugese prince who opened a navigational school where he paid people to come and invent navigational toold. developed caravel ship, compass, astrolade, and sextant
italian but sailed for spain. left in 1492
1st to see pacific ocean
ponce de leon
1st so see mississippi
atlantic coast. 1st to sail in new york harbor
st lawrence river
canada northern new england. founded quebec
marquette and joliet
upper mississippi river valley
labrador and northeast coast of north america
second expedition to circumnavigate the world
new zealand australia and hawaii
proved you could get around africa but didnt actually to it
vaso de gama
made it to india
found grand canyon in search for cibola
proved you can go west to go east
his expedition circumnavigated the world
what was france in the new world for?
when did the english defeat the spanish armada?
what was the reson for colonization?
mother country establishes colonies to obtain natural resources and raw materials which are shipped back to the mother country where theyare manufactured into finished products which are sold back to the colonies in order to achieve favorable balance of trade in which exports are greater than imports in order to achieve economic self sufficiency within the empire
who introduced mercnatilism to the world?
who organizes mercantilism?
who perfected mercantilism?
what was the first permanent english colony in america?
jamestown 1607 in virginia
what was the colony of jamestown officially called?
trasurer and company of adventurers and planters of the city of london for the first colony in virginia
why is england establishing jamestown?
why did the colonist volunteer to go to jamestown?
to get a better life and climb the social ladder
when and by who was plymouth established?
1620 by the virginia company of plymouth
why was plymouth established and why did the king say yes?
established for $$ and king said yes b/c of mercantilism
who settled in plymouth?
why did the pilgrims settle in plymouth?
to reform the church of england
define dissenters and list the two kinds of them
they thought the church was too catholic
wanted to separate from church b/c they thought it couldnt be fixed
pilgrims who settled in plymouth in 1620
settled in massachusets bay in 1630
wasnted to purify church and take catholicism out of it
what did the puritans want to create?
explain the city upon a hill concept and how it relates to religion and later politics
the puritans called themselves a city upon a hill because everyone is watching them. they are trying to show people how to be an ideal community and how to be ideal puritans. back then it related to how everyone was looking at THEM being puritans later it realtes to how everyone is looking at AMERICA being a democracy