Sodium Bicarbonate

Card Set Information

Author:
fyrems
ID:
73379
Filename:
Sodium Bicarbonate
Updated:
2011-03-16 22:02:11
Tags:
Sodium Bicarbonate
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Description:
Medic drugs
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  1. Class
    Alkalinizing Agent
  2. Description
    A salt that provides bicarbonate to buffer metabolic acidosis, which can accompany several disease processes
  3. Mechanism of Action
    Combines with excessive acids to form a weak volatile acid, Increases PH
  4. Onset of action
    • Onset: Immediate
    • Peak: <15 min
    • Duration: 1-2 hours
    • Half-life: N/A
  5. Indications
    • Late management of cardiac arrest (If at all Tricyclic antidepressant O/D), Unresponsive diabetic ketoacidosis, Renal Failure (Early Cardiac Arrest Pts),
    • Known hyperkalemia
  6. Contraindications
    Alkalotic states
  7. Precautions
    Correct dose is essential, Can deactivate catecholamines, can precipitate with calcium, delivers large sodium load
  8. Side effects
    Alkalosis
  9. Doses
    • Adult: 1 mEq/kg
    • Pedi: 1 mEq/kg
  10. Max dose
    One dose prehospital (1 mEq/kg)
  11. Routes of administration
    IV/IO
  12. How supplied
    50 mEq/50ml

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