Card Set Information
chapter 13 all the red
what is the most common cause of a person to seek dental services
what is the drug of choice for mild pain?
COX inhibitors (ASA, ibuprophen, naproxen, APAP)
what is the primary dental care?
clean out infection
what is the most common dermatologic disease in the mouth?
oral lichen lanus
t/f as secondary therapy for OLP if it is moderate to severe or unresponsive to topical steriods then a stystemic steriod is given
what systemic steroid is given for OLP
what is the most common oral mucosal disease?
recurrent aphthous stomatitis/ulceration CANCKER SORE
t/f with prolonged use topical steriods can cause a thickening of the mucosa?
what is used if RAS is wide spread inflammation?
topical, rinse, creams or elixir
what is the primary therapy for RAS?
coriticosteroids, covering agents, antiseptics, topical steroids, non steroid preparations (amlexanox or "Orabase soothe N seal protective barrier)
what are three topical corticosteroids used in oral ulcerations RAS?
what is Amlexanox?
non steroid topical prepartion for RAS
how is amlexanox (aphthasol) taken?
qid (4x a day) after brushing, meals and @ hs/ 10 day max
what does Amlexanox do?
inhibit realse of histamine and leukotrienes
how is Amlexanox applied?
dab of past on the lesion with q tip of finger
what is a chronic systemic regimen Rx used as a tertiary line of therapy for RAS?
if a topical corticosteroid such as tramcinolone acetonide ointment is used for lichen lanus, when should it be applied?
after meals and at bedtime
what is the primary therapy for erythema multiforme?
topical anestehtic/antihistamine (diphenhydramine, vascous lidocaine, kaopectate or maalox)
what is the secondary therapy for cicatricial pemphigoid?
t/f actinic cheilosis cannot become carcinoma
FALSE can become squamous cell carcinoma
what is the primary therapy for actinic cheilosis?
use SPF 30+
avoid sun 10AM-4PM
hat, long sleeves, sunglasses
tingling, itching, buring and pain around vermillion, nose and lips could be defined as?
t/f the prodrome phase is infectious
t/f never use steroids on herpetic infections
what is an OTC topical agent used for herpetic infections?
docosanol (abreva) apply at first prodromal sign with a cotton tipped applicator 5x day and only used on extra oral
what is an example of Rx for herpetic infection (the one in the red)
valcyclovir (valtrex) only take for one day!
why must dentures be removed at night?
tissues need to slough
what should dentures be immersed in?
what are three antifungal agents used for candida as a primary therapy
t/f xylitol products and fluoride needs to be used daily because of the sugar added to the nystatin?
what is an example (in red) of systemic disease causing xerostomia?
how is xerostomia diagnosed?
what will you find clinically with a pt that has xerostomia? 4
lack wetness of mucosal tissues and teeth
thick, ropey saliva
atrophic, fissured tongue
incisal and smooth surfaces caries
what are three pt educations that can be given for xerostomia?
fluoride dentifrice 2x day
xylitol gums or candies 6 grmas 3 + times a day
what is a medicaiton that is used to stimulate salivation?
what are four things that need to be done for caries control of xerostomia?
alcohol free chlorhexidine gluconate rinse
supplimental fluoride and dentifrices
3 month recall
with pericoronitis the therpies used are to establish _____ and remove sources of ______
what is done first during the primary treatment of pericoronitis?
what is the drug of choice as a secondary line of therapy for pericoronities? When is this given?
how is a socket treated for alveolar osteitis?
irrigation "dilution is the solution to pollution"
what is the analgesic given to a pt with alveolar osteitis?
what is any inflammatory condition affecting the mucosal tissues of the mouth called?
what are four oral health education to give to a pt with stomatitis?
take out dental prosthesis at night
correct prosthesis defects
what is secondary thearpy for a pt with stomatitis?
salt/backing soda water rinses
1/2 tsp salt and baking soda in 16 oz water
what is the primary therapy for burning mouth disorder?
t/f the DH can diagnose a lesion and inform the pt
FALSE DDS provides diagnosis
thearpy for necrotizing ulcerative gignivitis begins with?
B. opiod comination analgesics
C. antibacterial angents
D. debridement to reduce bacterial mass
D. debridement to reduce bacterial mass
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)