Skills Chapter 39 Promoting Musculoskeletal Function

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plwtn
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73468
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Skills Chapter 39 Promoting Musculoskeletal Function
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2011-03-17 09:37:44
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Skills Chapter Promoting Musculoskeletal Function
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Skills Chapter 39 Promoting Musculoskeletal Function
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  1. If a cast becomes too tight, it may be __________ (cut in half lengthwise) to relieve the pressure on the tissue.
    bivalved
  2. With thumbnail, press the nail beds distal to the injury to ________ (to become pale) and judge time for capillary refill to ocur after releasing pressure. Should be within 3 seconds or within 5 seconds in the elderly.
    blanch
  3. Patients may be placed into a _______ (a stiff plaster of Paris, fiberglass, or polyester dressing used to immobilize) following a fractureor a variety of orthopedic procedures or may be applied after a period of traction.
    cast
  4. The weight pulling against the weight of the traction.
    countertraction force
  5. Palpate skin temperature with ____ (back) of hand; compare with opposite extremity or site.
    dorsum
  6. An _____ is a metal device, such as a pin, screw, or tong, that is insurted into or through one or more bones to stabilize fragments of a fracture while it heals.
    external fixator
  7. Impaired physical mobility related _____ (one sided weakness).
    hemiparesis
  8. Impaired physical mobility related _____ (one sided paralysis).
    hemiplegia
  9. Massage are debridement by the use of moving water.
    hydrotherapy
  10. Pneumonia caused by stasis of secretion due to inactivity which provides a medium for bacterial growth also called hospital-acquired pneumonia.
    hypostatic pneumonia
  11. Rendering a part incapable of moving.
    immobilization
  12. When the pt is on extended periods of bed rest, _____ (exercises performed against resistance) may be appropriate if they are not contraindicated.
    isometric exercise
  13. This is another word for (moving).
    kinetic
  14. A nurse might pad rough edges using tape or _______ (thick, durable form of adhesive material)
    moleskin
  15. A pt in traction should have an (rectangular frame to which traction equipment may be attached).
    over-the-bed-frame
  16. An overhead bar used for pt in traction to grab?
    trapeze
  17. Those without use of their legs.
    paraplegics
  18. Sensation: inquire about feelings of numbness or tingling (__________). Check sensation with a paperclip and compare bilaterally. Sensation should be the same.
    paresthesia
  19. Circulation of blood through tissue is?
    perfusion
  20. Artificial substitute for a body part is a?
    prosthesis
  21. Without use of both arms and legs is?
    quadriplegics
  22. A bandage for suppoting a body part is a?
    sling
  23. To make a figure 8 with a bandage is called?
    spica
  24. _______ is a device that protects an injured part of the body by immobilizing it.
    splint
  25. An exertion of a pulling force, casts, or braces that restricts mobility is?
    traction

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