March 7 Study Question

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March 7 Study Question
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2011-03-17 23:29:18
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AP2 Study Test
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March 7 Study Test AP2
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  1. Vessels will anastomosize and form ______________ veins as they work their way back to the heart
    Larger
  2. Bifurcate into arteriole which distribute to the capillaries and is picked up by the ________________ and delivered to the venules
    Metarteriols
  3. Blood returning to the heart works its way up thru venules to _________________.
    Veins
  4. _________________ is an autonomic (happens automatically) negative feedback in response to change
    in blood pressure
    Baro Reflex
  5. ______________ occurs with too much extra cellular fluid
    Edema
  6. Hypoxic tissue stimulates _____________________.
    Angiogenesis
  7. Hydrogen ions stimulate ________________.
    Acidity
  8. ________________ controls the rate and speed of oxygen and nutrient delivery to the tissue.
    Perfusion
  9. The veins will anastomosize or come together making its
    way to the _________________ so it can start all over again.
    Vena Cava
  10. ______________ failure will cause water retention.
    Kidney
  11. Water retention increases blood pressure or ___________________.
    Hypertension
  12. __________________________________ is the inability to maintain the diameter of artery.
    Vassal Motor Tone
  13. Dietary protein deficiency could also cause ____________________ by not eating enough protein.
    Hyperprotanemia
  14. Potassium and magnesium deficiency can cause ____________________.
    Hypertension
  15. ___________________ is a vassal constrictor that causes the adrenal gland to release aldosterone.
    Angiotensin 2
  16. _____________________________ most commonly known as a stroke or a brain infarction. Tissue death has taken place.
    Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)
  17. ______________________ is autonomic (happens
    automatically) response in changes of blood chemistry.
    Chemo Reflex
  18. ______________________________ would be if a tissue is not receiving enough blood causing hypoxia to the tissue and causing tissue to accumulate metabolic (CO2, hydrogen ions, or lactic acid)
    Inadequately Perfused
  19. __________________________ could cause edema which could be caused by lack of movement or defective venous valves
    Poor Venous Return
  20. __________________________ increases with age
    Capillary Permeability
  21. _______________________ cause histamine to be released
    Allergic Reaction
  22. ______________ is produce in the liver
    Albumin
  23. Spleen is ________________ tissue
    Lymphatic
  24. The thymus produces a hormone called ______________.
    Thymosin
  25. Swelling of lymph means it is filling with ________________ to mount an attack on the bacterial invasion.
    Lymphocytes
  26. ____________________ would be swelling of the spleen.
    Splenectomy
  27. All lymph vessels will ______________________ going into larger and larger veins.
    Anastomosize
  28. The _______________________ duct will drain everything from the right arm and down the right side of the head.
    Right Lymphatic
  29. The ________________ duct drains everything else in the body, except the arms and head.
    Thoracic
  30. _________________________ stimulate vassal dilatation with increase perfusion.
    Inadequately Perfused
  31. __________________________ monitor the blood pressure in all the large arteries above the head.
    Baro Receptors
  32. Means it happens automatically.
    Autonomic
  33. These responders are found in the aortic arch, and the
    carotid arteries.
    Chemo Reflex
  34. ________________ is when fluid is flowing into the
    tissue faster than it is being absorbed.
    Edema
  35. ______________________________ have to reabsorb some of the fluid that is around the cells that may also cause edema, which depends on colloid pressure (amount of protein molecules in the blood), which depends on the albumin molecule.
    Capillary Reabsorption
  36. _________________________________ have to do with a lack of blood flow to the brain. They cause headaches, and temporary loss of vision. No tissue death has occurred everything is temporary and reversible
    Trans Ischemic Attacks (TIA’s)
  37. When the kidneys sense that the blood pressure is to low
    it releases a hormone called __________.
    Renin
  38. Nicotine increases the heart rate and causes ___________________________.
    Vassal Constriction
  39. Hypertension can be caused by __________________.
    Heredity
  40. __________________________ is caused by exposure to chlorine and fluoride, iodine deficiency and estrogen dominance.
    Hypothyroidism
  41. Soy has a lot of _________________________ in it
    Phytoestrogen
  42. ____________________ is making new capillaries
    Angiogenesis
  43. We have a concentration of them in the aortic arch and behind the aortic valve cusp, in the aortic carotid sinus, and in the internal carotids
    Baro Receptors
  44. They monitor the PH, because it has to be maintained at 7.35
    Chemo Reflex
  45. __________________________ is caused primarily by a MI (myocardial infarction).
    Carcinogenic Shock
  46. Obstructive venous return is caused by a growing tumor, or an aneurism
    Low Venous Return Shock (LVR shock)
  47. ___________________ help comes from respiratory pump that assist with venous flow to the lungs
    Venous Return
  48. ___________________ is considered at 140/90.
    Hypertension
  49. Ace inhibitors, beta blocker, calcium channel blocker are
    all a _____________________.
    Diuretic
  50. There are sensors in the arterial of the ______________________.
    Kidneys
  51. Arterioles to thicken which means the _______________ has narrowed and we have a decreased renal flow.
    Lumen
  52. Renin affects a hormone called ___________________.
    Angiotensin 2
  53. ___________________ is 30% higher in African-Americans and strokes are two times higher.
    Hypertension
  54. One of the deadliest threats to the heart is __________________________.
    Hypothyroidism
  55. _________________________ is from synthetic exposure in foods (meat and dairy), pharmaceutical, stresses adrenal gland.
    Estrogen Dominance
  56. The _________________ needs the following nutrients;
    iodine, selium, tyrosine, and vitamin D.
    Thyroid
  57. Re-growth of the uterine lining creates a higher density
    of capillaries in athletes, and arterial bypasses are three important situations where _______________________ takes place.
    Angiogenesis
  58. There is check and balance in the circulatory system that
    help maintain ___________________ in that system.
    Homeostasis
  59. ________________ is caused by an increase in capillary blood pressure or permeability (perfusion).
    Edema
  60. Above the heart you get help from gravity is one of the
    primary things that help with _______________________.
    Venous Return
  61. ______________________ allows them to urinate protein molecules, or obstructive lymphatic drainage.
    Kidney Disease
  62. Severe burns, cancer treatments (radiation sickness), or
    kidney disease could also be caused by ___________________________.
    Hyperprotanemia
  63. __________________________ is deficient in protein.
    Hyperprotanemia
  64. __________________________ is the amount of protein molecules in the blood.
    Colloid Osmotic Pressure
  65. Venous pulling which would be chronic heart failure
    (CHF).
    Low Venous Return Shock (LVR shock)
  66. __________________ also monitor the blood pressure.
    Kidneys
  67. ____________________ is primarily caused by obesity, caused by saturated fats, and inflammatory foods.
    Hypertension
  68. One way to monitor the thyroid is to test the ______________________. It is released by the pituitary gland and should normally run between 2.5 and 4.5.
    Thyroid Stimulation Hormone (TSH)
  69. ___________________ supplements that are good for a healthy heart are CoQ10 and hawthorn berry and L-Carnitine. Omega 3’s or brome lain (which would reduce inflammatory which is a digestive enzyme from pineapple) are also good and can be added.
    Cardiovascular
  70. _________________________ they run down the back side or the ear and down the neck in front and back.
    Cervical Lymph Nodes
  71. The _____________ has the same composition as the extra cellular fluid.
    Lymph
  72. ________________ is located in the chest at about the 4th rib down.
    Thymus
  73. ________________________ is cancer of the lymph
    system. They are broken down into different types. Some are slow growing to ones that move very fast.
    Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  74. _______________________ can range in size from a pin head to as big as a lima bean.
    Lymph Nodes
  75. ___________________ is also called adenoids.
    Pharyngeal
  76. ________________ are the first line of defense for your
    mouth and nose.
    Tonsils
  77. Bacteria overwhelms the ___________________ in the mouth and is meant to kill off small amounts of stuff so the lymphocytes and monocytes take over to fight the bacteria.
    Lactobacillus
  78. The _______________ is the final state of lymph
    development, which assists with T cell development.
    Thymus
  79. The _____________ has 2 sections; white pulp and red
    pulp.
    Spleen
  80. The white pulp contains ________________________ that can complete their development here.
    Lymphocytes and Monocytes
  81. The tonsils are _______________ tissue.
    Lymph
  82. ____________________________ is significant in the case of infection of the leg for example. They would have swelling in the leg and groin area.
    Inguinal Lymph Node
  83. ________________________ means the nervous system has been severely shocked so we get a sudden loss of vassal motor tone (is the ability to maintain the diameter of the artery).
    Neurogenic Shock
  84. ________________________ have to reabsorb some of the fluid that is around the cells, which depends or is determined by colloid pressure, which depends on the blood albumin molecule.
    Capillary Reabsorption
  85. ______________________ is a decrease in colloid osmotic pressure
    Hyperprotanemia
  86. Skeletal muscle pump (toes on up to abdominal).
    Venous Return
  87. _______________________ is loss of blood volume. This could be caused by a bleeding ulcer, hemorrhage, burns, or severe dehydration.
    Hypovolemic Shock
  88. When a person has high blood pressure it causes the
    _____________________________ to thicken which means the lumen has narrowed and we have a decreased renal flow. It will decrease the renal blood pressure because there is less blood being delivered.
    Kidney Arterioles
  89. _____________________ causes increase retention of water keeping the blood pressure higher.
    Aldosterone
  90. The kidneys don’t know that they are systemic, so it does something to ________________.
    Increased Pressure
  91. About 30% of individuals over 50 and 50% of people that make it to age 74 have ______________.
    Hypertension
  92. Pressure from the heart pumping 12-18 millimeter meter
    per gram (120/80).
    Venous Return
  93. There are over 2 million women in the US with _______________ that are currently on medication.
    Hyperthyroidism
  94. ___________________ inhibit the enzyme that produces cholesterol , but in the process of taking they do collateral damage to inhibit the enzyme that produces CoQ10, which is a molecule that is heart healthy.
    Statin Drugs
  95. ________________ reduces blood pressure, regulates heart rhythm, and prevents arterial sclerosis.
    COQ10
  96. Signs and symptoms would be weight gain, lower metabolism, increase cholesterol, decreased energy, fatigue, dry skin, and hair loss.
    Hyperthyroidism
  97. Raising _____________ levels to rise affects production
    of progesterone which keeps the estrogen in check.
    Cortical
  98. _________________ levels dropping below the 3.5 range increase a woman’s chance of cardiovascular disease by 69%.
    Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  99. Over 650,000 people die of _____________________ per year and they are on statin drugs.
    Heart Attacks (MI)
  100. ________________ are located in the small intestines. Their purpose is to pick up lipoproteins and transport them into the blood. We need these because proteins are too big.
    Lacteals
  101. The _____________________ are very similar to veins as they have valves in them that shut with muscle movement or contraction
    Lymph Vessels
  102. The lymph system contains __________________. They generally hang out in the lymph.
    WBC’s
  103. All lymph vessels will anastomosize going into larger
    and larger veins until they dump into either the ___________________ or the right lymphatic duct.
    Thoracic Duct
  104. The _______________________ monitor the level of CO2 in the blood; too much would cause an adjustment in respiration causing increase of respiration.
    Chemo Reflex
  105. An allergic reaction causes a ________________ to be
    released, which is a vassal dilator and increases perfusion or permeability of capillaries.
    Histamine
  106. _______________________ depends on getting primarily four things. 1) pressure from the heart pumping 12-18 millimeter meter per gram (120/80) 2) above the heart you get help from gravity 3) skeletal muscle pump (toes on up to abdominal) 4) help comes from respiratory pump that assists with venous flow to the lungs.
    Venous Return
  107. Carcinogenic shock and low venous return shock are types of ___________________________.
    Circulatory Shock
  108. Hypovolemic shock, obstructive venous return, venous
    pulling, and neurogenic shock are all _________________.
    Low Venous Return Shock (LVR shock)
  109. ___________________ is a major cause of MI, CVA’s, and kidney failure.
    Hypertension
  110. There is a _______________ feedback that happens with the kidneys.
    Positive
  111. Trans ischemic attacks (TIA’s) and cerebral vascular
    accident (CVA) are forms of _________________ shock.
    Emotional
  112. Headaches and temporary loss of vision are to the brain
    as the ______________ is to the heart.
    Angina
  113. ____________________ will cause a person to have
    increased cholesterol.
    Hypothyroidism
  114. Breast cancer is spread to this area.
    Auxiliary Lymph Nodes
  115. The tonsils, thymus and the spleen are all forms of
    ________________________.
    Lymph Tissue
  116. The WBC in the lymph system mainly contains
    ________________________________.
    Lymphocytes and Monocytes (macrophages)
  117. The palatine, pharyngeal (adenoids) and the lingual are
    all part of the __________________.
    Tonsils
  118. The thymus is _____________ tissue.
    Lymphoid
  119. Defending against disease removing excess fluid and
    waste/toxins is a function of the _________________.
    Lymphatic System
  120. Too much CO2 in the blood would cause an adjustment in respiration, causing a ____________ of respiration.
    Increase
  121. All lymph vessels will anastomosize going into larger
    and larger veins until they dump into either the thoracic duct (larger) or the ________________________ duct.
    Right Lymphatic
  122. Taking up excess tissue fluid is a function of the ____________________________.
    Lymphatic System
  123. On each side of the throat and are lymph tissue.
    Palatine
  124. Cervical lymph nodes, auxiliary lymph nodes, and the
    inguinal lymph nodes are all types of ______________.
    Lymph Nodes
  125. 125—Blood will drain down from the head because of
    _____________________.
    Gravity
  126. It does not have any cardiovascular pressure behind it
    because there is not a pump for the _________________. The muscles are the pump.
    Venous System
  127. The lymphatic system has more veins than the ____________________________.
    Circulatory System
  128. The ____________________ has the same composition as the extra cellular fluid. So it is basically the same procedure getting _________________ upstream as we do venous
    blood. Muscles and breathing will also help.
    Lymph, Lymph
  129. In the lymphatic system most the fluid is picked up by
    the _________ but the residual is picked up by the lymph vessels.
    Vein
  130. Lacteals pickup lipoproteins and transport them into the
    blood this is a function of the ___________________.
    Lymphatic System
  131. As the ______________________ and its drainage goes we can assume that the better it drains the better off we will be.
    Lymph System
  132. Take up of excess tissue fluid, lacteals, and defense
    against disease removing excess fluid and waste / toxins are all the three main functions of the _____________.
    Lymphatic System
  133. The_______________ are not meant to swell up but they do at times, they are also a lymph tissue.
    Tonsils
  134. Lymph edema swelling, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, tonsillitis
    and splenectomy are all disorders of the ___________.
    Lymphatic
  135. Inadequately perfused, hydrogen ions, perfusion and
    hypoxic tissue are the local control of _____________.
    Blood Supply

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