UIL Vocabulary 5

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UIL Vocabulary 5
2011-03-17 12:47:40

Part 5 Vocabulary
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  1. geneticist
    a specialist or expert in genetics
  2. geomagnetic storm
    magnetic storm: a temporary disturbance of the earth's magnetic field, induced by radiation and streams of charged particles from the sun.
  3. glaciology
    the branch of geology that deals with the nature, distribution, and action of glaciers and with their effect on the earth's topography.
  4. grandiose
    • 1. affectedly grand or important; pompous: grandiose words.
    • 2. more complicated or elaborate than necessary; overblown: a grandiose scheme.
    • 3. grand in an imposing or impressive way.
    • 4. Psychiatry . having an exaggerated belief in one's importance, sometimes reaching delusional proportions, and occurring as a common symptom of mental illnesses, as manic disorder.

    < French < Italian grandioso < Latin grandi
  5. gravamen
    1. the part of an accusation that weighs most heavily against the accused; the substantial part of a charge or complaint. 2. a grievance.

    Latin: trouble, physical inconvenience,
  6. gyre
    • 1. a ring or circle.
    • 2. a circular course or motion.
    • 3. Oceanography . a ringlike system of ocean currents rotating clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

    < Latin gȳrus < Greek gŷros ring, circle
  7. hammertoe
    • 1. a clawlike deformity of a toe, usually the second or third, in which there is a permanent flexion of the second and third joints.
    • 2. a toe having such a deformity.
  8. harmattan
    (on the west coast of Africa) a dry, parching land breeze, charged with dust.

    said to be < Twi haramata
  9. Hebraic
    of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Hebrews, their language, or their culture.
  10. hemangioma
    angioma: a benign tumor consisting chiefly of dilated or newly formed blood vessels (hemangioma)
  11. hippocampus
    • 1. Classical Mythology . a sea horse with two forefeet, and a body ending in the tail of a dolphin or fish.
    • 2. Anatomy . an enfolding of cerebral cortex into the lateral fissure of a cerebral hemisphere, having the shape in cross section of a sea horse.

    Greek, sea monster
  12. homogeneity
    composition from like parts, elements, or characteristics; state or quality of being homogeneous

  13. hypnophobia
    An abnormal fear of falling asleep
  14. hypocritical
    < Greek hypokritḗs a stage actor, hence one who pretends to be what he is not
  15. iconoscope
    a television camera tube in which a beam of high-velocity electrons scans a photoemissive mosaic.
  16. idiot savant
    a mentally defective person with an exceptional skill or talent in a special field, as a highly developed ability to play music or to solve complex mathematical problems mentally at great speed.
  17. imagism, Imagism
    • 1. ( often initial capital letter ) a theory or practice of a group of poets in England and America between 1909 and 1917 who believed that poetry should employ the language of common speech, create new rhythms, have complete freedom in subject matter, and present a clear, concentrated, and precise image.
    • 2. a style of poetry that employs free verse and the patterns and rhythms of common speech.
  18. immiscible
    not miscible; incapable of being mixed.
  19. imperturbable
    incapable of being upset or agitated; not easily excited; calm
  20. improvident
    • 1. not provident; lacking foresight; incautious; unwary.
    • 2. neglecting to provide for future needs.
  21. incidentally
    • 1. apart or aside from the main subject of attention, discussion, etc.; by the way; parenthetically.
    • 2. in an incidental manner.
  22. Indochina
    a peninsula in SE Asia, between the Bay of Bengal and the South china Sea, comprising Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, W Malaysia, and Burma (Myanmar).
  23. indoctrination
    • 1. to instruct in a doctrine, principle, ideology, etc., especially to imbue with a specific partisan or biased belief or point of view.
    • 2. to teach or inculcate.
    • 3. to imbue with learning.
  24. inglorious
    • 1. shameful; disgraceful: inglorious retreat.
    • 2. not famous or honored.
  25. iniquity
    • 1. gross injustice or wickedness.
    • 2. a violation of right or duty; wicked act; sin.

    < Latin unevenness, unfairness, equivalent to inīqu ( us ) uneven, unfair
  26. intemperate
    • 1. given to or characterized by excessive or immoderate indulgence in alcoholic beverages.
    • 2. immoderate in indulgence of appetite or passion.
    • 3. not temperate; unrestrained; unbridled.
    • 4. extreme in temperature, as climate.

  27. inter nos
    • Latin .
    • between ourselves; among ourselves
  28. interim
    • 1. an intervening time; interval; meantime: in the interim.
    • 2. a temporary or provisional arrangement; stopgap; makeshift.

    Latin, in the meantime
  29. intonate
    • 1. to utter with a particular tone or modulation of voice.
    • 2. to intone; chant.
  30. invigorate
    to give vigor to; fill with life and energy; energize.
  31. iridectomy
    excision of part of the iris.
  32. iterate
    • 1. to utter again or repeatedly.
    • 2. to do (something) over again or repeatedly.

    < Latin, to repeat
  33. jaçana
    any of several tropical, ploverlike, aquatic birds of the family Jacanidae, most of them having extremely long toes and claws for walking on floating water plants.

    < Portuguese jaçanã < Tupi jasaná
  34. jargonize
    • –verb
    • 1.to talk jargon or a jargon.
    • 2. to translate into jargon.