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2011-03-18 03:25:44
Windows Server

Windows Server 2008 Chapter 5, Palmer
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  1. Attribute
    A characteristic associated with a folder or file used to help manage access.
  2. Auditing
    In Windows Server 2008, a security capability that tracks activity on an object, such as reading, writing, creating or deleting a file in a folder.
  3. Compiler
    A program that reads lines of program code in a source file and converts the code into machine-language instructions the computer can execute.
  4. DFS topology
    Applies to a domain-based DFS model and encompasses the DFS namespace root, shared folder, and replication folders.
  5. DSClient
    Directory Service Client. Microsoft software for pre-Windows 2000 clients that connect to Windows 00’, 03’, 08’ Servers and enables those clients to view information published in AD.
  6. DACL
    Discretionary Access Control List. An access control list that manages access to an object, such as a folder, and that is configured by a server administrator or owner of the object.
  7. Disk Quota
    Allocating a specific amount of disk space to a user or application with the ability to ensure that the user or application cannot use more disk space that is specified in the allocation.
  8. DFS
    Distributed File System. A system that enables folders shared from multiple computers to appear as though they exist in one centralized hierarchy of folders instead of on many different computers.
  9. Domain-Based DFS Model
    A DFS model that uses AD and is available only to servers and workstations that are members of a particular domain. The domain-based model enables a deep, root-based, hierarchical arrangement of shared folders that is published in AD. DFS shared folders in the domain-based model can be replicated for fault tolerance and load balancing.
  10. DLL Files
    Dynamic-Link Library. A library of files containing program code that can be called and run by Windows applications (and with SUA, also used by UNIX/Linux applications).
  11. EFS
    Encrypting File System. Set by an attribute of NTFS, this file system enables a user to encrypt the contents of a folder or a file so that it can only be accessed via private key code by the user who encrypted it. EFS adheres to the Data Encryption Standard’s expanded version for data protection.
  12. Folder Target
    A path in the Universal Naming Convention (UNC) format, such as to a DFS shared folder or to a different DFS path.
  13. Inherited Permissions
    Permissions of a parent object that also apply to child objects of the parent, such as to subfolders within a folder.
  14. Load Balancing
    On a single server, distributing resources across multiple server disk drives and paths for better server response; and on multiple network server, distributing resources across two or more servers for better server and network performance.
  15. Namespace Root
    The main container that holds DFS links to shared folders in a domain.
  16. Ownership
    Having the privilege to change permissions and to fully manipulate an object. The account that creates an object, such as a folder, or printer, initially has ownership.
  17. Permissions
    in Windows Server 2008, privileges to access and manipulate resource objects, such as folders and printers; for example, the privilege to read a file or to create a new file.
  18. Publish
    Making an object, such as a printer or shared folder, available for users to access when they view AD contents and so that the data associated with the object can be replicated.
  19. Replication Group
    a grouping of shared folders in a DFS namespace root that are replicated or copied to all servers that participate in DFS replication. When changes are made to DFS shared folders, all of the participating servers are automatically or manually synchronized so that they have the same copy.
  20. Server for Network Information Services
    A service that Subsystems for UNIX-based Applications (SUA) can add to AD to make a Windows Server 2008 server a Network Information Services server for coordinating management of user accounts and groups between UNIX/Linux computers and Windows Server 2008 servers on the same network
  21. Share Permissions
    Permissions that apply to a particular object that is shared over a network, such as a shared folder or printer.
  22. Shell
    An interface between the user and the operating system.
  23. Stand-alone DFS model
    A DFS model in which no AD implementation is available to help manage the shared folders. This model provides only a si9ngle or flat level share.
  24. SUA
    Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications. A subsystem that can be installed in Windows Server 2008 for using UNIX and Linux commands, applications, and scripts.
  25. SACL
    System Control ACL. An access control list that contains settings to audit the access to an object, such as a folder.
  26. UNC
    Universal Naming Convention. A naming convention that designates network server, computer, and shared resources. The format for a UNC name is, for example, \\servername\namespace\folder\file.