Card Set Information
fluid balance & ion concentration
volume contraction in which sodium and water isotonic proportions.
although there is a decrease in the total volume of extracellular fluid, there is no change in osmolality.
-misuse of diuretics
-Lost volume should be replaced with fluids that are isotonic to plasma.
- 0.9% sodium chloride
loss of water is greater than the loss of sodium
-feeding excessively concentrated food to infants
-can be secondary to extensive burns or disorders of CNS
-loss of sodium exceeds loss of water
-excessive loss of sodium thru kidneys
-infusing isotonic sodium chloride solution