In the mining districts of the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes, what was the most importantmineral excavated during the colonial period?
All of these are shared characteristics of most Latin American countries, except __________.
common experience of colonialism
dominance of the Spanish and Portuguese languages
religion (Roman Catholicism)
legal and political institutions
When did Panama become independent of Colombia?
Which of these was a provision of the Hay/Bunau-Varilla Treaty between Panama and theU.S.?
Panama conceded rights to the United States in the Panama Canal Zone “as if it weresovereign.
The United States could build a canal in the Zone
The United States could administer, fortify, and defend the Canal Zone “in perpetuity.”
When did Panama regain control of the Panama Canal?
Who was the Panamanian leader implicated in drug trafficking?
Where is Lake Maracaibo located?
Volcanic eruptions in the 1990s on this island forced the evacuation of more than two -thirds ofthe islandʹs population.
The 1985 earthquake in __________ killed as many as 10,000 people and devastated downtownbuildings.
Why is Mexico City especially vulnerable to earthquakes?
It is built on a former lake bed.
What is the name of the Mexican governmentʹs oil company?
What is the main fossil fuel resource in the Amazon, where this resource was discovered in1967?
Where are the major deposits of natural gas located in Peru and Bolivia?
east of the Andes
Where is the Atacama Desert located?
on the Pacific coast of South America
Where is the Tierra Templada located?
anywhere between 2950 feet and 5900 feet above sea level
What Latin American country was affected the most by Hurricane Mitch in late October 1998?
Which of these is(are) associated with ʺEl Nino?ʺ
the ocean warms off the coast of Peru
heavy rain and flooding along the Peruvian coast
drought in northeast Brazil
floods on the Parana River
When were wild plants and animals domesticated by native Latin Americans into cultivatedor tamed forms through selective breeding for preferred characteristics?
10,000 years ago
The Mayan culture reached its peak of development during this time period.
600 B.C. to A.D. 800
Machu Picchu is associated with what native Latin American culture?
Where is Iguaçu Falls located?
Where is Iguaçu Falls located?
What are seringuieros?
local rubber tappers in the Amazon basin
On what was the first ʺboomʺ in Manaus, Brazil based?
In the 1970s, this Brazilian region was seen by the Brazilian government as a pressure valve forlandless and impoverished peasants in other regions and as a way of securing nationalterritory through settlement.
the Amazon basin
This is the downside of tourism.
pollution of oceans, reefs, and beaches by ships
competition for fresh water and higher food prices for local residents
cultural and social stresses from interactions between the wealthy visitors and poorerresidents
prostitution and drugs
The __________ have been called Latin America’s “lost decade” because of the slowdown ingrowth and deterioration in living standards that occurred during that decade.
Which of these is an example of a syncretic religious practice?
Which of the following is(are) true of liberation theology?
It focused on the poor and disadvantaged
It is informed by the perceived preference of Jesus for the poor and helpless
It was influence by the writings of Karl Marx and other revolutionaries
It was espoused by the Second Vatican Council, called by Pope John XXIII in 1962.
All of these are ʺSouthern Coneʺ countries
This is the highest mountain in the Andes.
All of these are desert regions in South America, except __________.
The trade winds are air movements from the tropics to the equator dragged by the spinningEarth into a/an __________ flow.
east to west
Which of the following brings heavy rains to southern Chile?
Which of the following altitudinal zones usually produces bananas?
What area did the Incans occupy?
Which conquistador turned priest was concerned with rights of indigenous peoples during thecolonial period?
Bartolome de Las Casas
Sugar grown on plantations in __________ and southern Mexico were important exportcommodities in Spanish colonial America.
Which of the following received independence the latest?
Which of these regions is mostly covered with grasslands?
llanos of Venezuela
cerrados of Brazil
pampas of Argentina
All of these are native South American plants, except __________.
Governments in Latin America have a bias in favor of __________ regions in providingservices and investments.
What term is used to define money that is sent back to Latin America and the Caribbean frompeople working temporarily or permanently in other countries?
What is the dominant religion in Latin America?
Columbus landed in October, 1492 in what is today __________.
What was the ʺColumbian Exchange?ʺ
the interaction between the ecologies of two continents
Which of these was introduced by the Europeans into Latin America after 1492?
This political party controlled the national government of Mexico for seven decades, untildefeat in 2000.
Institutional Revolutionary Party
All of these countries have had socialist governments opposed by the United States, except
This is the most likely addition to NAFTA.
The regions comprising Latin America and the Caribbean today had an estimated __________people when the first Europeans arrived.
Peninsulares were Spanish colonials who __________.
were born in Spain
This was the center of administration of the vice-royalty of New Spain.
Who lived in ʺMaroon communities?ʺ
escaped and liberated slaves
This is the only remaining European possession on the South American mainland.
What was ʺThe Demographic Collapseʺ in Latin America?
the result of epidemics of diseases introduced by the Europeans
In terms of native speakers, this Native American language is the largest in Latin America.
The most serious criticism of the Green Revolution in Mexico was __________.