Latin America Quiz

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bheight1
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Latin America Quiz
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2011-03-18 10:53:38
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latin america human geography quiz
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  1. In the mining districts of the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes, what was the most importantmineral excavated during the colonial period?
    Silver
  2. All of these are shared characteristics of most Latin American countries, except __________.
    • common experience of colonialism
    • dominance of the Spanish and Portuguese languages
    • religion (Roman Catholicism)
    • legal and political institutions
  3. When did Panama become independent of Colombia?
    1903
  4. Which of these was a provision of the Hay/Bunau-Varilla Treaty between Panama and theU.S.?
    • Panama conceded rights to the United States in the Panama Canal Zone “as if it weresovereign.
    • The United States could build a canal in the Zone
    • The United States could administer, fortify, and defend the Canal Zone “in perpetuity.”
  5. When did Panama regain control of the Panama Canal?
    1999
  6. Who was the Panamanian leader implicated in drug trafficking?
    Manuel Noreiga
  7. Where is Lake Maracaibo located?
    Venezuela
  8. Volcanic eruptions in the 1990s on this island forced the evacuation of more than two -thirds ofthe islandʹs population.
    Montserrat
  9. The 1985 earthquake in __________ killed as many as 10,000 people and devastated downtownbuildings.
    Mexico City
  10. Why is Mexico City especially vulnerable to earthquakes?
    It is built on a former lake bed.
  11. What is the name of the Mexican governmentʹs oil company?
    PEMEX
  12. What is the main fossil fuel resource in the Amazon, where this resource was discovered in1967?
    oil
  13. Where are the major deposits of natural gas located in Peru and Bolivia?
    east of the Andes
  14. Where is the Atacama Desert located?
    on the Pacific coast of South America
  15. Where is the Tierra Templada located?
    anywhere between 2950 feet and 5900 feet above sea level
  16. What Latin American country was affected the most by Hurricane Mitch in late October 1998?
    Honduras
  17. Which of these is(are) associated with ʺEl Nino?ʺ
    • the ocean warms off the coast of Peru
    • heavy rain and flooding along the Peruvian coast
    • drought in northeast Brazil
    • floods on the Parana River
  18. When were wild plants and animals domesticated by native Latin Americans into cultivatedor tamed forms through selective breeding for preferred characteristics?
    10,000 years ago
  19. The Mayan culture reached its peak of development during this time period.
    600 B.C. to A.D. 800
  20. Machu Picchu is associated with what native Latin American culture?
    Inca
  21. Where is Iguaçu Falls located?
    Where is Iguaçu Falls located?
  22. What are seringuieros?
    local rubber tappers in the Amazon basin
  23. On what was the first ʺboomʺ in Manaus, Brazil based?
    natural rubber
  24. In the 1970s, this Brazilian region was seen by the Brazilian government as a pressure valve forlandless and impoverished peasants in other regions and as a way of securing nationalterritory through settlement.
    the Amazon basin
  25. This is the downside of tourism.
    • pollution of oceans, reefs, and beaches by ships
    • competition for fresh water and higher food prices for local residents
    • cultural and social stresses from interactions between the wealthy visitors and poorerresidents
    • prostitution and drugs
  26. The __________ have been called Latin America’s “lost decade” because of the slowdown ingrowth and deterioration in living standards that occurred during that decade.
    1980s
  27. Which of these is an example of a syncretic religious practice?
    • Candomble
    • Umbanda
    • Voodoo
    • Santeria
  28. Which of the following is(are) true of liberation theology?
    • It focused on the poor and disadvantaged
    • It is informed by the perceived preference of Jesus for the poor and helpless
    • It was influence by the writings of Karl Marx and other revolutionaries
    • It was espoused by the Second Vatican Council, called by Pope John XXIII in 1962.
  29. All of these are ʺSouthern Coneʺ countries
    • Paraguay
    • Uruguay
    • Chile
  30. This is the highest mountain in the Andes.
    Aconcagua
  31. All of these are desert regions in South America, except __________.
    the Pantanal
  32. The trade winds are air movements from the tropics to the equator dragged by the spinningEarth into a/an __________ flow.
    east to west
  33. Which of the following brings heavy rains to southern Chile?
    Westerlies
  34. Which of the following altitudinal zones usually produces bananas?
    Tierra Caliente
  35. What area did the Incans occupy?
    Andes Mountains
  36. Which conquistador turned priest was concerned with rights of indigenous peoples during thecolonial period?
    Bartolome de Las Casas
  37. Sugar grown on plantations in __________ and southern Mexico were important exportcommodities in Spanish colonial America.
    Cuba
  38. Which of the following received independence the latest?
    Caribbean
  39. Which of these regions is mostly covered with grasslands?
    • llanos of Venezuela
    • cerrados of Brazil
    • pampas of Argentina
  40. All of these are native South American plants, except __________.
    coffee
  41. Governments in Latin America have a bias in favor of __________ regions in providingservices and investments.
    urban
  42. What term is used to define money that is sent back to Latin America and the Caribbean frompeople working temporarily or permanently in other countries?
    Remittances
  43. What is the dominant religion in Latin America?
    Catholicism
  44. Columbus landed in October, 1492 in what is today __________.
    The Bahamas
  45. What was the ʺColumbian Exchange?ʺ
    the interaction between the ecologies of two continents
  46. Which of these was introduced by the Europeans into Latin America after 1492?
    • cattle
    • horses
    • sheep
  47. This political party controlled the national government of Mexico for seven decades, untildefeat in 2000.
    Institutional Revolutionary Party
  48. All of these countries have had socialist governments opposed by the United States, except
    Peru
  49. This is the most likely addition to NAFTA.
    Chile
  50. The regions comprising Latin America and the Caribbean today had an estimated __________people when the first Europeans arrived.
    50 million
  51. Peninsulares were Spanish colonials who __________.
    were born in Spain
  52. This was the center of administration of the vice-royalty of New Spain.
    Mexico City
  53. Who lived in ʺMaroon communities?ʺ
    escaped and liberated slaves
  54. This is the only remaining European possession on the South American mainland.
    French Guiana
  55. What was ʺThe Demographic Collapseʺ in Latin America?
    the result of epidemics of diseases introduced by the Europeans
  56. In terms of native speakers, this Native American language is the largest in Latin America.
    Quechua
  57. The most serious criticism of the Green Revolution in Mexico was __________.
    loss of genetic diversity

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