Pharmacology

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Author:
laurarom33
ID:
73677
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-03-31 12:54:54
Tags:
First Aid Pharmacology
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Description:
pulled from First Aid 2010 Pharmacology section
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  1. Antidote for:
    Acetaminophen
    N-acetylcystein
  2. Antidote for:
    Salicylates
    • NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine),
    • dialysis
  3. Antidote for:
    Amphetamines (basic)
    NH4Cl (acidify urine)
  4. Antidote for:
    Anticholinesterases, organophosphates (insecticide)
    • Atropine (muscarinic antagonist)
    • Pralidoxime (regenerates cholinesterase)

    also with anticholinesterase poisoning, think DUMBBELSS
  5. Antidote for:
    Antimuscarinic agents (aka atropine)
    Physostigmine salicylate (anticholinesterase)
  6. Antidote for:
    B-blockers
    Glucagon
  7. Antidote for:
    Digitalis
    • Stop dig
    • normalize K
    • lidocaine,
    • anti-dig Fab fragments,
    • Mg2+
  8. Antidote for:
    Iron
    Deferoxamine
  9. Antidote for:
    Lead
    • Succimer (kids)
    • penicillamine
    • dimercaprol
    • CaEDTA
  10. Antidote for:
    Mercury, arsenic, gold
    Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer
  11. Antidote for:
    Copper, arsenic, gold
    Penicillamine
  12. Antidote for:
    Cyanide
    • Nitrite
    • hydroxocobalamin
    • thiosulfate
  13. Antidote for:
    Methemoglobin
    Methylene blue, Vitamin C
  14. Antidote for:
    Carbon monoxide
    • Hyperbaric 02
    • 100% o2
  15. Antidote for:
    Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)
    • ethanol
    • dialysis
    • fomepizole (inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase)
  16. Antidote for:
    opioids
    Naloxone/naltrexone (opioid receptor antagonist)
  17. Antidote for:
    Benzodiazepines
    Flumazenil (reverses CNS but not respiratory depression...also chance of szs so supportive care may be more important)
  18. Antidote for:
    TCAs
    NaHCO3 (serum alkalinization)
  19. Antidote for:
    Heparin
    Protamine (ionically binds heparain)
  20. Antidote for:
    Warfarin
    • Vitamin K
    • fresh frozen plasma
  21. Antidote for:
    tPA, streptokinase
    Aminocaproic acid (competitively inhibits multiple plasminogen binding sites, decreasing plasmin formation and fibrinolysis)
  22. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -afil
    Erectile dysfuction

    ie Sildenafil
  23. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -ane
    Inhalation general anesthetic

    ie Halothane
  24. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -azepam
    Benzodiazepine

    ie Diazepam
  25. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -azine
    Phenothiazine (neuroleptic, antiemetic)

    ie Chlorpromazine
  26. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -azole
    Antifungal

    ie Ketoconazole
  27. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -barbital
    Barbiturate

    ie Phenobarbital
  28. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -caine
    Local anesthetic

    ie. lidocaine
  29. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -etine
    SSRI

    ie. Fluoxetine
  30. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -ipramine
    TCA

    ie Imipramine
  31. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -navir
    Protease Inhibitor

    ie Saquinavir
  32. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -operidol
    Butyrophenone (neuroleptic)

    ie Haloperidol
  33. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -oxin
    Cardiac glycoside (inotropic agent)

    ie Digoxin
  34. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -phylline
    Methylxanthine (COPD and Asthma drug?)

    ie Theophylline
  35. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -terol
    B2 agonist
  36. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -tidine
    H2 antagonist
  37. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -triptan
    5-HT 1B/1D agonists (migraines)

    ie Sumatriptan
  38. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -triptyline
    TCA

    ie Amitriptyline
  39. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -tropin
    Pituitary hormone

    ie Somatotropin
  40. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -zolam
    Benzodiazepine

    ie Alprazolam
  41. What is the (general) drug function/use if it has an ending of:

    -zosin
    alpha 1 antagonist

    ie Prazosin

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