A&P2march 7Cards

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harstanner
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73739
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A&P2march 7Cards
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2011-03-18 18:07:49
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April P2 March
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March 7 A&P2 Flashcards
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  1. would be if a tissue is not receiving enough blood causing hypoxia to the tissue and causing tissue to accumulate metabolic waste (CO2, hydrogen ions, or lactic acid. They stimulate vassal dilatation with increases perfusion
    Inadequately Perfused
  2. stimulate acidity
    Hydrogen ions
  3. controls the rate and speed of oxygen and nutrient
    delivery to the tissue.
    Perfusion
  4. stimulates angiogenesis (making of new capillaries).
    Hypoxic Tissue
  5. is an autonomic (happens automatically) negative feedback in response to change in blood pressure.
    Baro Reflex
  6. monitor the blood pressure in all the large arteries above the heart. We have a concentration of them in the aortic arch and behind the aortic valve cusp, in the aortic carotid sinus, and in the internal carotids.
    Baro Receptors
  7. is autonomic (happens automatically) response in changes of blood chemistry. These responders are found in the aortic arch, and the carotid arteries. They monitor pH because it has to be maintained at 7.35. They monitor the level of CO2 in the blood; too much would cause an adjustment in respiration causing increase of respiration.
    Chemo Reflex
  8. occurs with too much extra cellular fluid. Fluid is flowing into the tissue faster than it is being absorbed. It is caused by an increase in capillary blood pressure or permeability (perfusion).
    Edema
  9. return could cause edema which could be caused by lack of movement or defective venous valves.
    Poor venous
  10. will cause water retention increasing blood pressure or hypertension causing edema.
    Kidney Failure
  11. cause histamine to be released which is a vassal dilator and increase perfusion or permeability of capillaries
    Allergic Reaction
  12. increases with age.
    Capillary Permeability
  13. may also cause edema. They have to reabsorb some of the fluid that is around the cells. That depends or is determined by colloid osmotic pressure (amount of protein molecules in the blood) which depends on the blood albumin molecule.
    Capillary Reabsorption
  14. is produced in the liver. They will experience hyperprotanemia (deficient in protein), this is a decrease in colloid osmotic pressure.
    Albumin
  15. deficient in protein
    hyperprotanemia
  16. could also cause hyperprotanemia by not eating enough protein
    Dietary Protein Deficiency
  17. depends on getting primarily 4 things. 1) pressure from the heart pumping 12 – 18 millimeter meter per gram (120/80) 2) above the heart you get help from gravity 3) skeletal muscle pump (toes on up to abdominal) 4) help comes from respiratory pump that assist with venous flow to the lungs
    Venous Return
  18. is caused primarily by a MI (myocardial infarction).
    Carcinogenic Shock
  19. is loss of blood volume. This could be caused by bleeding ulcer, hemorrhage, burns, or severe dehydration.
    Hypovolemic Shock
  20. is caused by a growing tumor, or an aneurism.
    Obstructive Venous Return
  21. which be chronic heart failure (CHF)
    Venous Pulling
  22. means the nervous system has been severely shock so we get a sudden loss of vassal motor tone.
    Neurogenic Shock
  23. is the inability to maintain the diameter of artery
    Vassal Motor Tone
  24. have to do with lack of blood flow to the brain. They can cause headache, and temporary loss of vision.
    They are to the brain as angina is to the heart. No tissue death has occurred everything is temporary and reversible
    Trans Ischemic Attacks (TIA's)
  25. most commonly known as a stroke or a brain infarction. Tissue death has taken place.
    Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA)
  26. is considered at 140/90. About 30% individuals over 50 have hypertension. About 50% of people that make it to age 74 have hypertension. It is a major cause of MI, CVA’s, and kidney failure
    Hypertension
  27. monitor blood pressure and have positive feedback,
    Kidneys
  28. affects a hormone called Angiotensin 2 which is a vassal constrictor, and causes the adrenal gland to release aldosterone which causes increase retention of water keeping the blood pressure higher.
    Renin
  29. is primary caused by obesity (caused by saturated fats, inflammatory foods)
    Hypertension
  30. is one of the deadliest threats to the heart
    hypothyroidism
  31. is caused by exposure to chlorine and fluoride, iodine deficiency and estrogen dominance. With this a person will have increased cholesterol. Signs and symptoms would be weight gain, lower metabolism, increase cholesterol, decreased energy, fatigue, dry skin, and hair loss.
    Hypothyroidism
  32. is from synthetic exposure in foods (meat and dairy), pharmaceutical, stresses adrenal gland (raising cortical levels to rise affect production of progesterone which keeps the estrogen in check.
    Estrogen Dominace
  33. has 3 main functions 1. Take up excess tissue fluid 2. Lacteals are located in small intestine. Their purpose is to pick up lipoproteins and transport them into the blood. We need these because proteins are too big. Most the fluid is picked up by the vein but the residual is picked up by the lymph vessels. The lymph vessels are very
    similar to veins as they have valves in them that shut with muscle movement or
    contraction

    3.
    Defend against disease removing excess fluid and
    waste / toxins
    Lymphatic System
  34. has the same composition as the extra cellular fluid. So it is basically the same procedure getting lymph upstream as we do venous blood. Muscles and breathing will help also. Blood will drain down from the head because of gravity. It does not have any
    cardiovascular pressure behind it because there is not pump for the venous system. The muscles are the pump. It has more veins than the circulatory system.
    Lymph
  35. they run down the back side or the ear and down the neck in front and back
    Cervical Lymph Nodes
  36. Axillary lymph Nodes where breast cancer is spread to this
    area
    Axillary Lymph Nodes
  37. is significant in the case of infection of the leg for example. They would have swelling in leg and groin area.
    Inguinal Lymph Nodes
  38. are lymph tissues. We have 3 sets; palatine (on each side of throat), pharyngeal (adenoids), and the lingual. They are important because they are the first line of defense for your mouth and nose. Bacteria overwhelms the lactobacillus in the mouth is meant to kill of small amounts of stuff so the lymphocytes and Monocytes take over to fight the bacteria. They are not meant to swell up but they do at times
    Tonsils
  39. is lymphoid tissue. It is located in the chest at about the 4th rib down. It is the final site of lymph development (assists with t cell development). A hormone produce here is Thymosin
    Thymus
  40. is lymphatic tissue. It has 2 sections; white pulp and red pulp. White pulp contains Lymphocytes and Monocytes that can complete their development here.
    Slpeen
  41. will drain everything from the right arm and the down the
    right side of the head
    Right Lymphatic Right Duct
  42. drains everything else in the body
    Thoracic Duct
  43. swelling
    Lymph Edema
  44. is cancer of the lymph system. They are broken down into different types. Some are slow growing to ones that move very fast.
    Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  45. would be swelling of the spleen
    Splenectomy

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