Microbiology chapter 15

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Microbiology chapter 15
2010-02-19 00:17:08
chapter 15

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  1. A cloud of tiny liquid droplets suspended in air:
  2. An individual who harbors an infectious agen without having observable or clinical signs or symptoms:
  3. An individual with reduced resistance being more susceptible to infection:
    Compromised host
  4. A mode of disease transmission effected directly, indirectly or by droplets:
    Contact transmisson
  5. Mode of disease transmission requiring person to person body contact:
    Direct contact transmission
  6. A particle consisting of dried mucus in which microorganisms are embedded:
    Droplet nucleus
  7. Contact transmissio of disease through small liquid droplets:
    Droplet transmission
  8. Referring to a disease that is contantly present in a specific population:
  9. Referring to a disease that has a higher than normal incidence in a population over a relatively short period of time:
  10. The assignment or study of causes and origins of a disease:
  11. An infection caused by opportunistic microorganisms already present in the body:
    Endogenous infection
  12. An infection caused by microorganisms that enter the body from the environment:
    Exogenous Infection
  13. A nonliving sustance capable of transmitting disease, such as clothing, dishes or paper money
  14. The proportion of individuals in a population who are immune to a particular disease:
    Herd immunity (aka group immunity)
  15. Direct contact transmission of disease in which pathogens are usually passed by handshaking, kissing, contact with sores or sexual contact:
    Horizontal transmission
  16. An infection that fails to produce symptoms, wither because too few organisms are present or because the host defenses effectively combat the pathogens:
    Inapparent infection
  17. The number of new cases of a particular disease per 100,00 population seen in a specific period of time:
  18. Transmission of disease through fomites:
    Indirect contact transmission
  19. Transmission of disease in which pathogens from feces of one organism infect another organism (Ex: Typhoid Mary)
    Indirect fecal-oral transmission
  20. Situation in which a patient with a communicable disease is prevented from cotact with the general population:
  21. The number of person contracting a specific disease in relation to the toal population (cases per 100,000)
    Morbidity rate
  22. The number of deaths from a specific disease in relation to the total population:
    Mortality rate
  23. An infection acquired in a hospital or other medical facility
    Nosocomial infection
  24. A disease that a physcian is required to report to public health officials
    Notifiable disease
  25. An epidemic that has become worldwide:
  26. An unmedicated, usually harmless substance given to a recipient as a substitute for or to test the efficacy of a medication or treatment:
  27. A site at which microorganisms can gain access to the body tissues
    Portal of entry
  28. A site at which microorganisms can leave the body:
    Portal of exit
  29. The number of people infected with a particular disease at any one time:
  30. An epidemic that arises from person to person contacts:
    Propogated epidemic
  31. The separation of humans or animals from the general population when they have a communicable disease or have been exposed to one:
  32. Site where microorganisms cna persist and maintain their ability to infect:
    Reservior infection
  33. A disease that is limited to a small numer of isolated cases posing no great threats to a large population:
    Sporadic disease
  34. A set of guidelines established by the CDC to reduce the risk of disease transmission in hospital and medical laboratory settings:
    Universal precautions
  35. An organism that transmits a disease causing organism from one host to another:
  36. A nonliving carrier of an infectious agent from its reservoir to a susceptible host:
  37. Direct contact transmission of disease in which pathogens are passed from parent to offspring in an egg, sperm, across placenta or while traversing the birth canal:
    Verticle transmission
  38. A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans: