Traditional China

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Traditional China
2010-02-24 15:14:22
Chinese Culture

Traditional China
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  1. Daoism (antithesis)
    The way of nature
  2. Painted pottery
  3. Three Teachings:
    • Daoism
    • Confucianism
    • Buddhism
  4. Character system / Radicals
    • Pictograms
    • Ideograms
    • Phonograms/
    • Radicals are indicators
  5. Zhou Dynasty
    Broke down into chaos disunity and warfare
  6. Wade-Giles system of Romanization/ Pin Yi system of Romanization
    Old version /Modern version
  7. Outward virtues
    • Li > ritual conduct
    • Wen > to be well cultured
  8. Yu
    Known for Engineering skill and he creates the first dynasty, the Xia dynasty
  9. Calligraphy
    Visual art
  10. Animism
    Belief in the spritual plane
  11. Geomancy
    Building with conformity to nature(daoists)
  12. Legalism (thesis)
    Belief in a strictly regemented government
  13. Types of Daoism
    Abstract and Magical
  14. Black pottery
  15. Sapir-whorf hypothesis on language
    Language equals reality
  16. The Naturalists: 5 elements
    • Earth
    • Metal
    • Wood
    • Fire
    • Water
  17. Inward virtues
    • Ren-love of humanity
    • Zhi-integrity
    • Zhong- loyalty
    • Shu-reciprocity
    • Yi- righteousness
  18. Satellite Kingdoms
    Smaller kingdoms surrounding the Zhou kingdom. Dues were paid in return for autonomy
  19. Language families
    Sinitic and Altaic
  20. Feudalism equals
  21. Functions of Chinese writing system
    Promotes conformity, monopolizes knowledge, promotes conservatism
  22. Filial Piety
    Children must be obedient to their parents
  23. Gerontocracy
    Society dominated by the elderly
  24. Zhongguo
    The middle kingdom
  25. Sericulture
    Silk production
  26. Bronze age and Oracle bones(Divination)
    Use of bronze in metal working, Helps us to date the Shang Dynasty
  27. Traits of China
    Hydraulic society, xenophobia, inequality between people and nature
  28. Loess soil
    Wind blown silt
  29. Two types of daoism
    • Abstract
    • Magical(influenced chinese medicine)
  30. Yellow Emperor(Huangdi)
    • Invented calender, wheel, boats, musicals instruments
    • Organized first chinese settlements
  31. Early Chinese religions
    Animism, Shamanism, Ancestor worship
  32. Mandate of heaven
    Legitimacy to rule needs divine approval
  33. 5 Classics
    • >Yi Jing- Book of Changes
    • >Shu Jing- Book of History
    • >Shi Jing- Book of Odes(poetry/songs)
    • >Li Jing- Book of Ritual(conduct )
    • >Qunqiu- The spring and summer Annals(History of state of Lu / confucius
  34. Mozi, Motzu
    Ideas come the closet to a spiritual philosophy. Universal Love. Utilitarianism
  35. Lisi/Lixi/Lissu
    • Felt the need to standardized the chinese writing system
    • > Conducted the first book burning. Also rounded up scholars, slayed 460 of them and threw bodies in trench.
  36. Qin(Chin) (221-206 B.C) Legalism
    Qin Shihuangdi(warrior, warlord, builder) Legalists tend to be great builders. He Worked on the great wall of China, palaces, public building, roads and canals.
  37. *Han Dynasty(206 B.C-220 A.D)
    Liu Bang(206-188 B.C)- Daoist(do nothing/Laissez faire)
    • *Chaos > Unification > Great culture
    • During reign merchant class grew and more cities arose.
  38. Wudi "The Martial Emperor"(140- 87 B.C) and a confucianist
    • Fought external enemies and solidified the boundaries of China
    • > responsible for the implementation of confucianism and the creation of a civil service exam gave the possibility of upward mobility
  39. Class system in China(After Wudi)
    • 1. Scholar(mandarins)/Gentry class(Aristocrats)
    • 2. Peasants
    • 3. Artisans
    • 4. Merchants
    • 5. Mean people(foreigners, rebels, bandits, pirates)
    • 6. Warriors
  40. Wang Mang(8-22 A.D) viewed as China's first socialist
    5 equalizations
    • 1. price feeze
    • 2. limits on interest rentes
    • 3. 10% tax on profits
    • 4. standardize funerals
    • 5. state aid for funerals
  41. Fen-cheng
    To divide up or decentralization of government
  42. "Tsa" or hegemons
    Tax collectors
  43. Schools of thought:
    1. Human nature is evil
    2. Human nature is good
    3.Attempts to merge Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddism
    • 1. Legalism (Thesis)
    • 2. Daoism (Antithesis)
    • 3. Neo-Confucianism
  44. Book of Daoism (Dao de Jing)
    Dao= "The way of nature," De= intuitive power, Bu="The uncarved block"
  45. Traits of Chinese Philosophy
    • >Very this-worldly
    • >Problem solving
    • >Pragmatic
  46. Dynastic Cycle
    Chaos > Unification > Great culture
  47. Anyang
    Capital city during the Shang Dynasty
  48. Neolithic age
    Farming begins, usually began near yellow river
  49. Paleolithic age
    Old stone age( Hunting and gathering)
  50. Cantonese
    Language spoken by the majority of people residing in capital city Hong Kong
  51. Warring States Period
    Period in chinese history were warlords annexed surrounding smaller states to consolidate their power
  52. Reasons the Zhou Dynasty fell
    Broken royal family line led to the diminishing power and fragmentation of the kingdom
  53. Confucius (Kongzi)
    Founder of confucianism( inward virtues, esp "Ren" and outward virtues esp "Li")
  54. Utiliarianism
    Moral worth is determined by its utility in providing happiness or pleasure
  55. *Three Obediences for women
    > Four virtues
    • *She must obey her father before marriage, her husband when married, and her sons in widowhood
    • >Morality, proper speech, modest manner and diligent work
  56. *Laozi & *Dao de Jing / Tao Te Ching
    • *Created traditional chinese & simplified chinese
    • *The book is central to chinese religion(Buddism)
  57. Feng Shui
    • System of aesthetics believed to use the laws of both heaven and earth.
    • It was use particularly when constructing Buildings and other infrastructure
  58. Junzi (The gentleman)
    This term was first used by Confucius to exemplify the ideal human
  59. Decline of Han Dynasty
    Yellow Turban and Five pecks of Rice rebellion; generals appointed to fight during the crisis did not diband the militas and used them to amass power from the collapsing imperial authority
  60. Scholarly and Gentry Class
    • The Shi; Knightly or low level aristocrat
    • The nong; Farmers
    • The gong; Artisans and craftsmen
    • The Shang; Merchants, traders, and peddlers (viewed by the scholarly elite as essential members of society)