Topic 9 - Reactions of acids

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Anonymous
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73829
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Topic 9 - Reactions of acids
Updated:
2011-03-19 10:16:08
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Chemistry Reactions Acids
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Standard Grade Chemistry - Topic 9 - Reactions of acids
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  1. What is the reaction between acids and their neutralisers called?
    neutralisation
  2. What can acids be neutralised by?
    • Metal oxides
    • Metal hydroxides
    • Metal Carbonates
  3. What do soluble metal oxides, hydroxides and carbonates form?
    Alkaline solutions
  4. During neutralisation the ph of acids and alkalis moves towards....?
    7
  5. When an acid reacts with a carbonate what gas is given off?
    Carbon dioxide
  6. Acid + Alkali ---> ?
    salt + water
  7. Acid + Metal ---> ?
    salt + hydrogen
  8. Acid + Carbonate ---> ?
    salt + water + carbon dioxide
  9. In a neutralisation reaction the H+ from the acid combines with the OH- from the alkali to form....?
    water molecules
  10. Nitric acid forms salts called....?
    Nitrate
  11. Sulphuric acid forms salts called...?
    Sulphate
  12. Hydrochloric acid forms salts called....?
    Chloride
  13. What is a salt?
    A substance formed when the hydrogen ion of an acid is replaced by the metal ion from the neutraliser
  14. zinc + hydrochloric acid ---> ?
    zinc chloride + hydrogen
  15. sodium carbonate + sulphuric acid ---> ?
    sodium sulphate + water + carbon dioxide
  16. potassium hydroxide + nitic acid ---> ?
    potassium nitrate + water
  17. copper oxide + sulphuric acid ---> ?
    copper sulphate + water
  18. What type of reaction occurs when an insoluble solid is formed when two solutions are mixed?
    A precipitation reaction

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