Topic 9 - Reactions of acids
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What is the reaction between acids and their neutralisers called?
What can acids be neutralised by?
- Metal oxides
- Metal hydroxides
- Metal Carbonates
What do soluble metal oxides, hydroxides and carbonates form?
During neutralisation the ph of acids and alkalis moves towards....?
When an acid reacts with a carbonate what gas is given off?
Acid + Alkali ---> ?
salt + water
Acid + Metal ---> ?
salt + hydrogen
Acid + Carbonate ---> ?
salt + water + carbon dioxide
In a neutralisation reaction the H+ from the acid combines with the OH- from the alkali to form....?
Nitric acid forms salts called....?
Sulphuric acid forms salts called...?
Hydrochloric acid forms salts called....?
What is a salt?
A substance formed when the hydrogen ion of an acid is replaced by the metal ion from the neutraliser
zinc + hydrochloric acid ---> ?
zinc chloride + hydrogen
sodium carbonate + sulphuric acid ---> ?
sodium sulphate + water + carbon dioxide
potassium hydroxide + nitic acid ---> ?
potassium nitrate + water
copper oxide + sulphuric acid ---> ?
copper sulphate + water
What type of reaction occurs when an insoluble solid is formed when two solutions are mixed?
A precipitation reaction
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