nursing mid term 2

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nursing mid term 2
2011-03-19 14:34:34

nursing mid term exam 2
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  1. Isotonic excercise
    involves muscle shortening and active movement. Examples include carrying out ADL's, independant preforming range of motion excercises, and swimming , walking , jogging. increased muscles mass tone, strenght.
  2. Isometric excercise
    involves muscle contraction without shortening(i.e., there is no movement or only minimum shortening of muscle fibers). Example include contractions of the quads and gluteal muscles.
  3. Isokinetic exercise
    involves muscle contractions with resistance. The resistance is provided at a constant rate by an external device, which has the capacity for variable resistance. ex weight lifting
  4. Assessing Body Alignment
    • *correct body alignment permits optimal musculoskeletal balance and operation and premotes good physiological functioning.
    • *Deviations may result from poor posture , trauma, muscle damage, nerve dysfunction. Fatigue and a persons mental status may also influence alignment.
    • *good alignment consist of
    • The head is held erect.
    • The face is in the forward position, in the same direction as the feet.
    • The chest is held upward and forward
    • The spinal colum is upright, and the curves of the spine are within normal limits
    • The abs muscles are held upward and buttocks downward
  5. What are appropriate nursing diagnoses that correctly identify mobility problems amendable to nursing interventions?
    • Activity Intolerance
    • Impaired Physical Mobility

    • Chronic pain related to inability to change body position independantly , limited range of motion , and muscle atrophy
    • Impaired walking related to development of footdrop
    • Impaired walking related to development of footdrop
    • Sexual dysfunction related to neuromuscular impairment
  6. Principles of body mechanics
    its includes proper body movement in daily activites, the prevention and correction of problems associated with posture and the enhancement of coordination and endurance. It is important to use the principles of body mechanics during activity and during rest periods, to prevent injury and to prevent sore muscles and joints . Proper body mechanics is part of illness prevention and health premotion.