UIL Vocabulary 10

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UIL Vocabulary 10
2011-03-20 14:10:18

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  1. symbiont
    • Biology .
    • an organism living in a state of symbiosis.

    Greek, to live together
  2. syringomyelia
    • Pathology .
    • a disease of the spinal cord in which the nerve tissue is replaced by a cavity filled with fluid.

  3. talus
    • 1. a slope.
    • 2. Geology . a sloping mass of rocky fragments at the base of a cliff.

    <French <Latin
  4. Taoism
    the philosophical system evolved by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu, advocating a life of complete simplicity and naturalness and of noninterference with the course of natural events, in order to attain a happy existence in harmony with the Tao.
  5. temerarious
    reckless; rash.

    Latin, blindly, heedlessly
  6. tenebrous
    dark; gloomy; obscure.

  7. teriyaki
    a dish of grilled slices of beef, chicken, or fish that have been marinated in soy sauce seasoned with sake, ginger, and sugar.

    Japanese, teri= glaze; yaki= broil
  8. territorialism
    a principle or system that gives predominance to the landed (owning land) classes.
  9. thyroidectomy
    excision of all or a part of the thyroid gland
  10. toheroa
    a large marine clam, Amphidesma ventricosum, of waters near New Zealand.

  11. torchère
    a tall stand for a candelabrum.

  12. Torquemada
    Spanish inquisitor general.
  13. torturous
    pertaining to, involving, or causing torture or suffering.

  14. toxicology
    the science dealing with the effects, antidotes, detection, etc., of poisons.
  15. transparent
    Latin, showing through, to appear
  16. triglyph
    in architecture

    <Latin <Greek, thrice grooved
  17. triolet
    a short poem of fixed form, having a rhyme scheme of ab, aa, abab, and having the first line repeated as the fourth and seventh lines, and the second line repeated as the eighth.

    French, literally little trio
  18. urethane
    substance, formerly used in cancer treatment

  19. vapid
    lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; no spirit, dull

  20. veloce
    played at a fast tempo (used as a musical direction)

    <Italian <Latin, quick
  21. Vespucci
    (Amerigo) Italian merchant, adventurer, and explorer after whom America was named
  22. Victoriana
    Victorian art objects, ornaments, furnishings, bric-a-brac, etc.
  23. vizier
    (formerly) a high official in certain Muslim countries and caliphates, especially a minister of state.

    <Turkish <Arabic
  24. wantonness
    • –adjective
    • 1. done, shown, used, etc., maliciously or unjustifiably: a wanton attack; wanton cruelty.
    • 2. deliberate and without motive or provocation; uncalled-for; headstrong; willful: Why jeopardize your career in such a wanton way?
    • 3. without regard for what is right, just, humane, etc.; careless; reckless: a wanton attacker of religious convictions.
    • 4. sexually lawless or unrestrained; loose; lascivious; lewd: wanton behavior.
    • 5. extravagantly or excessively luxurious, as a person, manner of living, or style.

    Middle English, undisciplined, ill-reared, Latin
  25. wapiti

    Americanism <Shawnee
  26. Worcestershire
    a former county in W central England, now part of Hereford and Worcester
  27. wryness
    • 1. produced by a distortion or lopsidedness of the facial features: a wry grin.
    • 2. abnormally bent or turned to one side; twisted; crooked: a wry mouth.
    • 3. devious in course or purpose; misdirected.
    • 4. contrary; perverse.
    • 5. distorted or perverted, as in meaning.
    • 6. bitterly or disdainfully ironic or amusing: a wry remark.

    <Middle English, to twist <Dutch <Latin <Greek, crooked
  28. Zapata mustache
    a large mustache that curves down the corners of the mouth
  29. zinc oxide
    a white or yellowish-white, amorphous, odorless, water-insoluble powder, ZnO, used chiefly as a paint pigment, in cosmetics, dental cements, matches, white printing inks, and opaque glass, and in medicine in the treatment of skin conditions.