MA 201 Body Structure

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Author:
Shutrbug20
ID:
73896
Filename:
MA 201 Body Structure
Updated:
2011-03-20 18:45:15
Tags:
Body Planes
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Description:
Chapter 11 Unit 9
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  1. Midsagittal
    • Verticle line down middle of body (even sides)
    • Anything toward midline is called Medial
    • Anything away from midline is called Lateral
  2. Extremities
    • Arms and legs to the trunk of the body
    • Proximal - nearest to point of attachment
    • Distal - Further away from point of attachment
  3. Frontal / Coronal Plane
    Draw line vertically through side of body from head to toe
  4. Frontal / Coronal Plane
    Front Side
    Anterior / Ventral
  5. Frontal / Coronal Plane
    Back Side
    Posterior / Dorsal
  6. Transverse
    Horizontal line Cross Section through body (doesn't have to be even)
  7. Transverse
    Above Line
    • Superior / Cranial
    • Cephalic
  8. Transverse
    Below Line
    Inferior / Caudal
  9. 2 Main Body Cavities
    • 1. Anterior / Ventral (Front)
    • 2. Posterior / Dorsal (Rear)
  10. Main Body Cavity
    Anterior / Ventral (Front)
    Contains
    • Thorasic Cavity
    • Abdominal Cavity
    • Pelvic Cavity
  11. Main Body Cavity
    Posterior / Dorsal (Rear)
    Contains
    • Cranial Cavity
    • Spine Cavity
  12. Abdomen Cavity Organs
    • Stomach, Small intestine, Most large intestine
    • Liver, Spleen, Pencrease, Gallbladder
  13. Thorasic Cavity Organs
    • Heart, Lungs
    • Great Blood Vessels
  14. Pelvic Cavity Organs
    • Urinary Bladder, Last part Large Intestines
    • Internal Reproductive Organs
  15. Peritoneal Membrane
    Lines the abdoment cavity
  16. Retroperitoneal
    • Behind the peritonium
    • Kidneys located in this area in front of spine
  17. Abdominopelvic Cavity
    Used to describe the digestive system being found in both cavities
  18. Three Other Small Cavities
    • Orbital
    • Nasal
    • Buccal
  19. Abdomen Divided Into 4
    • Right and Left Upper Quadrent
    • Right and Left Lower Quadrant
    • RUQ/ LUQ
    • RLQ / LLQ
  20. Abdomen Divided Into Regions
    • Rt Hypochondriac
    • Epigastric
    • Lt Hypochondriac

    • Rt Lumbar / Lateral
    • Umbilical
    • Lt Lumbar / Lateral

    • Rt Iliac / Inguinal
    • Hypogastric / Pubic
    • Lt Iliac / Inguinal
  21. Hypochondriac
    Below cartilage (ribs)
  22. Epigastric
    Over / above stomach
  23. Lumbar
    Loin / Side region / lateral
  24. Umbilical
    Around the umbilicus / Belly Button
  25. Iliac
    Ilium portion of pelvic bone / Inguinal / Groin
  26. Hypogastric
    • Below stomach
    • Known as pubic

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