Microbiology

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
73921
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2011-03-19 20:47:58
Tags:
virus
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Description:
viruses
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  1. A mature virus particle
    virion
  2. The nucleic acid is surrounded by a protien coat called a
    capsid
  3. A membrane (lipid-protein) derived from a host cell
    envelop
  4. Found only on enveloped viruses
    spikes
  5. Spikes are used for__and may cause hemagglutination
    adsorption
  6. A naked piece of nucleic acid that can be infectious is called
    viroid
  7. Viruses can be classified by
    size, nucleic acid, morphology, and number of capsomeres
  8. The capsid is composed of a number of protein units called a
    capsomere
  9. Viruses do not grow on
    agar media
  10. We grow viruses in
    lab animals, embryonated eggs, a monolayer of cells, and bacterial cultures
  11. In bacterial cultures, the growth of viruses will produce a clear area called
    plaque
  12. The ability of a virus to infect an organism is regulated by
    host species, types of cells, attachment site, cell factors
  13. A tadpole virus that infects bacteria
    bacteriophage
  14. A disease process occurs gradually over a long period of time
    slow virus infections
  15. Example of slow virus infections
    rubella, scrapie, Creutzfeldt Jacob disease, Kuru
  16. Remains in the host dormant after long period can produce disease
    latent virus
  17. Examples of latent viruses
    Herpes simplex
  18. Causes warts
    Papovavirus
  19. Infects adenoids and tonsils
    Adenovirus
  20. Causes German Measles
    Rubella
  21. Causes Koplik's spots and skin rash
    Rubeola
  22. Causes common colds
    Rhinovirus
  23. Causes colds and diarrhea, has peplomers
    Coronavirus
  24. Causes cold sores (oral)
    Herpes Simplex I
  25. Causes genital-chancroids
    Herpes Simplex II
  26. Cause of mononucleosis (kissing disease)
    Epstein Barr Virus
  27. Cause of chickenpox
    Herpes zoster
  28. Causes smallpox
    Variola
  29. Causes cowpox
    Vaccinia
  30. Transmitted by sewage and flies
    Poliovirus
  31. In children, sore throat, vomit, rash, and abdominal pain
    coxsackie
  32. An arthropodborne virus, spread by insects (AEDES mosqito)
    Arbovirus or Togavirus
  33. Arbovirus causes
    Yellow fever or Dengus fever or Beakbone fever
  34. Causes rabies
    Rhabdovirus
  35. Rhabdovirus produces inclusion bodies in the cerebellum called
    Negri bodies
  36. Orthomyxovirus causes
    influenza
  37. Paramyxovirus causes
    mumps
  38. Hepatitis infects the__causing jaundice
    liver
  39. Hepatitis A is transmitted via the
    GI route
  40. Hepatitis B(serum hep) is transmitted by
    bodily fluids

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