Psych Test #2

Card Set Information

Author:
amontobin
ID:
74039
Filename:
Psych Test #2
Updated:
2011-03-20 16:27:04
Tags:
psych
Folders:

Description:
psychoactive drugs
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  1. Physical dependence
    condition where the body has biologically adapted to the presence of the drug, so the drug must be taken regularly to avoid withdrawal symptoms
  2. characterized by
    a loss of control over use of the substance
  3. Withdrawal
    Unpleasant physical reactions combined with intense drug cravings
  4. Drug Rebound Effect & example
    • withdrawal symptoms which are opposite of the drug's usual action
    • ex: cocaine withdrawal produces sluggishness
  5. Depressants:
    target the ___
    • depress brain activity & produce sedation
    • target the brain stem
  6. "Additive Effect"
    when combined, intensity grows exponentially
  7. 3 types of depressants
    • alcohol
    • barbiturates (tranquilizers, downers)
    • tranquilizers (minor tranquilizers)
  8. barbiturates suppress the
    medulla
  9. Opiates (narcotics)
    bind to _____, thus, deadening ____ sensations
    natural endorphin receptor sites, pain
  10. Stimulants target the
    cerebral cortex
  11. Psychedelics target the
    limbic system (mostly hypothalamus)
  12. toxic, flammable inhalants are called
    volatile hydrocarbons

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