Psychology Test #2

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Author:
amontobin
ID:
74045
Filename:
Psychology Test #2
Updated:
2011-03-20 16:46:07
Tags:
psych
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Description:
Conditioning
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  1. 3 types of conditioning & the people associated with them:
    • 1. classical
    • (Pavlov & Watson)
    • 2. operant
    • (Skinner, Thorndike)
    • 3. vicarious
    • (Bandura)
  2. Classical conditioning:
    the neutral stimulus always becomes the ____
    ex:
    • a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with a naturally occurring stimulus-response sequence, resulting in the neutral stimulus eliciting the same involuntary response
    • conditioned stimulus
    • Pavlov's dog
  3. Operant conditioning
    Skinner doesn't believe in free will, & says that ____
    ex:
    • learning to either make of withhold a particular voluntary response based upon anticipated positive/negative consequences
    • all conscious decisions are the result of operant conditioning- either pursuing a reward or avoiding a punishment
    • wolves eat toxic sheep & get sick, so they run from them.
  4. Vicarious conditioning:
    learning & becoming conditioned through indirect experience
  5. most of what we learn is learned through
    vicarious conditioning

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