Adv. Med Final
Card Set Information
Adv. Med Final
Adv Med Tech dental final exam
Advanced Medical Techniques: Final Exam
What is the common name for the gingival?
What is a normal sulcus depth for dogs? Cats?
1-3mm in dogs
1mm in cats
The modified Triadan System numbers the teeth, each quadrant is a different series (100, 200, 300, & 400): Which is which?
100 is Maxillary R
200 is Maxillary L
300 is Man L
400 is Man R
What instrument measures the sulcus depth?
Periodontal/ Sulsuc Probe
Supragingival, surface of the teeth, sharper
Subgingival, rounded-not sharp, clean under gum line
Why do we use a cuffed endo tube?
To protect from aspiration
Secure airway and better maintanance of O2 and anesthesia
The techs safty, they are right there where the iso would leak the most
Why do we start antibiotics a couple days before a dental?
To lower the bacteria in the mouth to help prevent infection
What symbol denotes a missing tooth?
What symbol denotes an exaction of a tooth?
How many teeth do cats have?
How many teeth does a dog have?
Is polishing a necessity?
It smooths the surface that we just scored up. Help to protect the tooth.
What are the baby teeth called
Why only polish teeth for less than 15 seconds?
To prevent thermal burns
What is the the most most common antibiotic given during a dental? How is it given? Where does it go? Why?
Rabies is in the right
Cheek teeth: proper name and which teeth?
Premolar and molar
What the difference between hypsodont and brachydont teeth?
Hypsodont teeth continue to erupt, brachyodont do not
What is the dental formula for cats?
2(I 3/3, C1/1, P3/2, M1/1)
What is the dental formula for dogs?
2(I3/3, C1/1, P4/4, M2/3)
What is the primary function of the canine teeth?
Grasp and tear
How many sizes of ET tubes do you get ready?
mandibul sticks out further then maxilary
Maxila goes out further than mandibul
Normal meeting of teeth
Left and right sides are disperportioned
What hand instrument is used subgingivaly?
What hand instrument is used supragingivaly?
What is FOLR?
Feline Odontoclastic Resorptive lesion
Tooth on tooth
Tooth of foreign object
How often should we check an indwelling catheter?
What are some signs of dental disease?
Red inflammed gums, teeth discoloration, calculus build up, bleeding, lose teeth, fractures
Where can you check for a pulse?
Femeral, petal, jugular, chest
What is the name of the large tripple rooted teeth?
What are some reasons we use catheters?
Fluid therapy, anesthesia, ER drugs, easy access
What are ways we check and maintaine catheters?
Periodicaly flush with heprin, to prevent clotting
Checking every hour
Change in less than 72 hours
What are some things you will need to place a catheter?
Catheter, tape, hub, flush, goopy square, restrainer, scrub, alcohol
How do we dental instruments?
Modified pen grip
ET tubes are sized to fit between what 2 'land marks'?
Thorasic inlet and pharnyx
When do you deflat the cuff on the ET tube?
when reflexes start to return
When do you remove the ET tube?
when you get 2 consecutive swollows
What are the 4 physical stages of wound healing?
Inflammatory, Debridement, Repair, & Maturation
What are 2 external factors that may affest wound healing?
Medication or radiation therapy
How soon following an initial injury should repair be done to begin first intention healing and why does it have to be done within this time frame?
6-8 hours- treat before bacteria starts to multipy
What are 3 reason we bandage wounds?
promote healing, minimize swelling, keep wound warm
How many layers of bandage do we do and describe each one
Primary- in contact with skin
Secondary- padding and comfort
Tertiary- holding and protecting
When casting limbs, how far to we cast?
At least past the joint above and below
How often should the crash box be checked?
After every shift
What is LEAN?
A condition when blood gets trapped betwen the lungs and body wall causeing collapse?
A condition when fluid gets trapped betwen the lungs and body wall causeing collapse?
How long after cardiac arrest should CPRP be started?
Within 2 minutes
The ABCDE of life support
Using an ambu bag will provide __% oxygen
Using mouth to nose resesitation will provide __% oxygen
What is the ideal position to tube an animal in arrest?
When other effort to treat the respritory arrest have work you can try acupunture, where to do attempt this?
Vessel 26 of Jen Chung
After arrest how often and for how long should urine output be monitored?
Every hour for 24 hours
What is the name of a diuretic that is commonly used to treat pulmonary edema, cerebral edema, and acute kidney failure?
What crystal do you expect to see with ethylene glycol toxicity?
Calcium Oxolate Monohydrate
How long befor rat poisioning interfers with the cotting factors?
What toxicity is associated with over-the-counter flea meds? How long does it take for signs to show?
What is the most common treatment of rat poisoning?
What is CPRP?
Cardiopulmonary cerebrovascular recesitation
What are the 4 types of emergencies?
Can handle at home
When administering drugs during CPRP what is the best place to administer?
When administering drugs during CPRP what is the second best place to administer?