Psychology Test #2

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
74061
Filename:
Psychology Test #2
Updated:
2011-03-20 18:40:45
Tags:
psych
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Description:
Endocrine System
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  1. what is the endocrine system?
    wat do endocrine glands do?
    • the chemical (steroid) communication network
    • glands produce hormones which are secreted into the bloodstream, through which they travel around the body affecting other glands & organs
  2. what kind of responses are these glands used for?
    ones requiring more gradual bodily changes
  3. the endocrine & _______ systems have a ___ relationship
    • nervous
    • symbiotic
  4. main 7 (8) endocrine glands (from top to bottom):
    • pineal gland
    • hypothalamus
    • pituitary (master) gland
    • thyroid gland
    • adrenal glands (2)
    • pancreas
    • ovaries/ testes
  5. (give
  6. (give the location, hormone it secretes, & the effect)
    pineal gland:
    • brain
    • melatonin
    • regulates sleep cycle (light sensitive)
  7. hypothalamus
    • brain
    • none
    • provides link between nervous & endocrine systems
  8. pituitary (master) gland
    • brain
    • growth hormone (GH)
    • regulates physical growth
  9. thyroid gland
    • neck
    • thyroxin
    • regulates metabolism (extremely sensitive to radiation)
  10. adrenal glands (adrenals)
    • abdominal cavity
    • adrenaline (epinephrine)
    • stimulates sympathetic nervous system arousal
  11. pancreas
    • abdominal cavity
    • insulin
    • regulates blood sugar
  12. high insulin _____ blood sugar
    lowers
  13. ovaries/ testes
    • groin
    • estrogen/ testosterone
    • sexual arousal, reproduction, secondary sex characteristics/ changes in puberty, building muscle mass

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