Sociological Theory Quiz 2
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What are Weber's 3 forms of stratification?
1. Class or economic power- stratified according to means of production/income
2. Status or cultural power- stratified according to means of consumption/lifestyle/honor
3. Party or political power- stratified according to means of administration (the state)/ authority
How is Weber's theory of stratification different from Marx's?
Weber's Theory: For Max Weber, social class pertaining broadly to material wealth is distinguished from status class which is based on such variables as honor, prestige and religious affiliation. Max Weber was strongly influenced by Marx's ideas, but rejected the possibility of effective communism, arguing that it would require an even greater level of detrimental social control and bureaucratization than capitalist society.
Marx's Theory: The ruling classes own the means of production, which essentially includes the working class itself as they only have their own labour power ('wage labour') to offer in order to survive. These relations fundamentally determine the ideas and philosophies of a society, constituting the superstructure.
What is formal rationality?
Broader form of rationality that characterizes organizations, especially bureaucratic (body of nonelective government officials) ones.
Example: McDonaldization. Rational-legal forms of authority such as the contemporary legal and judicial systems are examples of formal rationality.
How is Weber's theory of revolution different from Marx's?
Weber's Theory: Weber criticized the dialectical presumption of proletariat revolt, believing it to be unlikely.
Marx's Theory: Marx believed the capitalist mode would eventually give way, through its own internal conflict, to revolutionary consciousness and the development of egalitarian communist society.
What it inner-worldly asceticism?
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