Pharm exam 2

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Author:
cassiedh
ID:
74093
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Pharm exam 2
Updated:
2011-03-20 21:23:09
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Ch9objectives
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I HATE YOU PHARMACOLOGY!
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  1. an organism that can live only in the presence of oxygen
    aerobic
  2. an organism that can live in the absence of oxygen
    anaerobic
  3. a drug used to kill or suppress the growth of bacteria
    antibacterial
  4. a chemical substance produced by one microorganism (or semisynthetic substances prepared in the lab) that is capable of killing or suppressing the growth of other microorganisms (bacteria, virus and fungus)
    antibiotic
  5. a trait acquired by microorganisms, either through genetic mutation or by the acquisition of genetic material from other organisms that allows microorganisms to resist the action of specific antibiotics
    antibiotic drug resistance
  6. an infection caused by normal flora bacteria
    autogenous infection
  7. an antibacterial agent capable of killing bacteria
    bactericidal
  8. an antibacterial agent capable of suppressing the growth/multiplication of bacteria
    bacteriostatic
  9. an organism able to live in either the presenc or the absence of oxygen
    facultative
  10. an initial dose of a drug (larger than subsequent maintenance doses) that is administered to achieve therapeutic levels with only one or two doses of the drug
    loading dose
  11. opportunistic infection cuased by the overgrowth of microorganisms that are not susceptible to antibacterial therapy
    suprainfection
  12. IE
    infective endocarditis
  13. TJR
    total joint replacement
  14. is penicillin bactericidal or bacteristatic?
    bactericCIDAL
  15. is cephalosporin bactericidal or bactericstatic
    bacteriCIDAL
  16. is fluoroquinolone bacericidal or bacteristatic
    bacteriCIDAL
  17. is nitromidazole (metronidazole) bactericidal or bacteristatic
    bacteriCIDAL
  18. t/f beta-lactam antibiotics are bacteristatic
    FALSE beta lactam antibiotics are bacteriCIDAL
  19. t/f bacteristatic drugs inhibit cell wall syntehesis
    false inhibit PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
  20. is tetracycline and macrolides bactericidal or bacteristatic
    bacteriSTATIC
  21. what do bactericidal drugs do?
    inhibit cell wall synthesis
  22. what do bacteriSTATIC drugs do?
    inhibit protein synthesis
  23. t/f bacteriCIDAL drugs inhibit cell wall synthesis
    true
  24. how does a Beta-Lactam allergy manifest itself?
    RASH
  25. what do you use if a beta-lactam allergy exists?
    clindamycin or macrolide (azithromycin and clarithromycin)
  26. if a pt has mononucleosis and amoxicillin or ampicillin is given what will be seen in the pt? is this an allergic reaction?
    • RASH
    • NOPE NOPE sure isn't
  27. what drugs do you see pseudomembranous colitis with?
    clindamycin and lincomycin
  28. what drug causes black pigmentation of bone and mucosa?
    minocycline
  29. t/f a pt needing periodontics or endodontics needs to be on antibiotics first to resolve the infection before treatment is done
    FALSE! primary care done first then antibiotics if infection not resolved
  30. If a pt presents with palaise, chills, trismus, rapid respiration, lymphadenopathy, swelling or hypotension what is done? why?
    • antibiotics given
    • bacteria may adversely affect general health of pt
  31. when are topcial antibiotic agents used in dentistry?
    in periodontal sulcus to achievee a bacteriostatic effect
  32. blah blah blah blah
    I hate you pharmacology and Dr. Johns!

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