organic, cognitive disorders

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Author:
chellen12
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74127
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organic, cognitive disorders
Updated:
2011-03-22 01:45:02
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cognitive disorders
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cognitive disorders
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  1. what mental processes work with memory, resulting in goal directed behavior?
    attention, perception, problem solving/reasoning
  2. 2 divisions of long term memory
    recent and remote
  3. recent long term memory
    only lasts for a short period of time (hours to days) and is gone
  4. remote long term memory
    things you dont forget
  5. 2 ways to consolidate from short term memory to long term memory
    • rehearse
    • significance of the stimulus
  6. long term memory
    the store of our knowledge
  7. working memory
    provides means for using our knowledge

    fast processor of info, but has limited capacity
  8. used when comparing, numerical calculation, language comprehension, and problem solving
    working memory
  9. impairment to working memory is selective/universal
    selective, some components are impaired and others are not
  10. 2 factors of attention
    stimulus and time
  11. 2 processing related to attention
    controlled processing and automatic processing
  12. tasks requiring controlled processing require more/less cognitive resources
    more resources
  13. necessary for goal-directed behavior
    executive functions
  14. executive functions include abilities to: (3)
    • start/stop action
    • monitor and change behavior
    • plan future behavior
  15. what 2 syndromes are most likely to have anosognosia (not aware of self deficits)
    wernicke's and broca's aphasia
  16. patients with posterior lesion/damage have difficulty with what?
    reasoning and judgement
  17. patients with anterior lesions or damage have difficulty with what?
    executive functions of initiating and regulating behaviors
  18. patent with neglect (bump into things), difficulty with aroused, sustained and directed attention, and distracted have syndrome that affect which hemisphere?
    right
  19. topological disorientation, not recognizing faces, attributing self to somewhere not, visual field cuts, unaware of self deficits, object recognition, and executive functions are symptoms of what syndrome
    perception symptoms of right hemisphere syndrome
  20. what type of linguistic errors will a person with right hemisphere syndrome make?
    may make linguistic errors, but have a pattern to the errors
  21. extralinguistic deficits in right hemisphere syndrome
    patients can have a flat affect, dont show or comprehend emotion, and dont understand jokes well
  22. producing alternatives (understanding alternative means to a situation) has 4 causes
    • 1. impaired inferencing: cant read b/w lines
    • 2. difficulty assessing what is and is not plausible
    • 3. the complexity of the task
    • 4. have reduced cognitive flexibility
  23. 3 kinds of dementia
    • cortical
    • subcortical
    • mixed
  24. example of cortical dementia
    alzheimer's, pick's
  25. example of subcortical dementia
    parkinson's, huntington's, aids dementia complex
  26. cortical dementia is characterized by:
    lesions in the cortex
  27. dementia can be a component to: (2)
    drug interactions, depression
  28. the early stages of dementia are typically seen as:
    geting old
  29. which stage of dementia will a person forget an appointment, birthday, or that someone called to check on them
    early stage
  30. which stage of dementia will a person forget the day of the week?
    • early
    • disorientation
  31. which stage of dementia will a person burn things while cooking and fail to keep the house clean
    • early stage
    • difficulty with activities of daily living
  32. which stage of dementia will a person have problems balancing a checkbook or working the vcr
    early stage
  33. patients in early stage dementia have problem with what part of the memory process?
    consolidating info into long term memory
  34. episodic memory with dementia
    things that happen in recent life begin to fade and get confused
  35. which stage of dementia will a person have problems with word fluency and naming
    middle stage
  36. which stage of dementia will a person have problems recognizing faces
    middle
  37. which stage of dementia will a person have difficulty making abstract associations (how are watch and calendar alike?)
    middle stage
  38. which stage of dementia will a person have difficulty communicating
    late stage
  39. which stage of dementia will a person have problems keeping up with routine ex. grooming, feeding, etc
    late stage
  40. which stage of dementia will a person decide not to talk
    late stage
  41. which stage of dementia can a person become combative?
    late stage
  42. why would a person with dementia be combative?
    they cannot comprehend what is going on around them and are very confused so they get angry.
  43. confabulation
    making the confusion of life happenings around a person (with dementia) fit to make selves more comfortable
  44. which stage of dementia will a person wander
    late stage
  45. coma
    condition in which a patient displays minimal, if any, purposeful response to external stimuli
  46. the lighter the level of coma and the shorter the duration the person is in the coma affects
    • prognosis. long coma--more severe the damage, recovery is less likely
    • short coma--better prognosis for improvement
  47. when a person comes out of a coma their memory improves as......improves
    their orientation

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