Chapter 17. Ear and Eye

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rmoran
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Chapter 17. Ear and Eye
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2011-03-21 01:05:51
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Medical term Ear and Eye
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  1. fluid within the labyrinth of the inner ear; conducts soundwaves
    endolymph
  2. measures of temp of the tympanic membrane by detection inferred radiation from the ear drum
    ear thermometry
  3. double vision
    diplopia
  4. disease of the retina due to long term effects of diabetes
    diabetic retinopathy
  5. loss of the ability to hear
    deafness
  6. inflammation of the tear glands
    dacryoadenitis
  7. paralyss of the muscles of the ciliary body
    cycloplegia
  8. pertaining to the cornea and sclera which is the white of the eye
    corneoscleral
  9. rubbing of a part of the outer layer of the cornea
    corneal abrasion
  10. fibrous transparent layer of clear tissue that extends over the anterior portion of the eyeball
    cornea
  11. inflammation of the conjunctiva
    conjunctivitis
  12. delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the eyeballs
    conjuntiva
  13. photreceptor cell in the retina; responsible for color and central vision
    cone
  14. pertaining to the cochlea
    cochlear
  15. snail-shaped, spirally wound tube in the inner ear; contains hearing, sensitive receptor cells
    cochlea
  16. strcture on each side of the lens that connects the choroid and iris, contains muscles that control the shape of the lens
    ciliary body
  17. middle vascular layer of the eye
    choroid
  18. middle ear mass of cellualr debris and cholesteral crystals
    cholesteatoma
  19. small, hard mass on the eyelid
    chalazion
  20. waxy substance secreted by the ear
    cerumen
  21. clouding or loss of transparency of the lens of the eye
    cataract
  22. prolapse of the upper eyelid
    blepharoptosis
  23. inflammation of an eye lid
    blepharitis
  24. having two sides that are rounded, elevated, and curved evenly like part of a sphere
    biconvex
  25. flap of the ear; pinna
    auricle
  26. pertaining to the ear
    aural
  27. channel between the middle ear and the throat; eustachian tube
    auditory tube
  28. carry impulses from the inner ear to the brain
    auditory nerve fibers
  29. opening of the auditory canal to the outside of the body
  30. auditory meatus
  31. channel leading from the ear flap to the ear drum
    auditory canal
  32. process of hearing test
    audiometry
  33. instrument to measure or test hearing
    audiometer
  34. record of hearing using an audiometer
    audiogram
  35. abnormal curvature of the eyeball so that rays of light are not focused on a single point on the retina
    astigmatism
  36. fluid produced by the ciliary body and found in the anterior chamber of the eye
    aqueous humor
  37. condition of excessive dryness of the eye
    xerophthalmia
  38. soft jelly like material that fills the inner vitreous chamber of the eye
    vitreous humor
  39. removal of vitreous humor
    vitrectomy
  40. measurement of the area infront of the eye in any part of which an object is seen without moving the eye
    visual feild test
  41. measurement of clearness of the vision, assessed by reading letters of decreasing size on an eye chart
    visual acuity test
  42. pertaining to the vestibule and cochlea
    vestibulocochlear
  43. central clairty of the labyrinth, connecting the cochlea and semicirular canals
    vestibule
  44. abnormal sensation of moving in space or hearing objects move about you in space
    vertigo
  45. inflammation of the uved which is the vascular layer of the eye
    uveitis
  46. surgical repair of the ear drum
    tympanoplasty
  47. membrane between the outter and middle; eardrum
    tympanic membrane
  48. measure bone and are conduction of sound throught the ear
    tunning fork test
  49. measurement of tension and pressure within the eye; gluacoma test
    tonometry
  50. rinigng, buzzing or roaring sound in the ear
    tinnitus
  51. relay center in the brain through which optic nervefibers pass on their way to the cerebral cortex
    thalamus
  52. infection inflammation of the middle ear with pus formation
    suppurative ottis media
  53. abnormal deviation of the pupils; esotropia or exotropia are examples
    strabismus
  54. small stirrup shaped bone in the middle ear thrid ossicle
    stapes
  55. removal of the stapes
    stapedectomy
  56. examination of ocular structure using a slit lamp and microscope
    slit lamp microscopy
  57. noninfectious inflammation of the middle ear with accumulation of clear fluid
    serous otitis media
  58. passageway in the inner ear that are associated with maintaining equilibrium
    semicircular canals
  59. blind spot in the feild of vision
    scotoma
  60. inflammation of the sclera
    scleritis
  61. procedure to sutureaband of silicone on the sclera directly over a detached portion of the retina
    scleral buckle
  62. white portion of the eye
    sclera
  63. pertaining to the eustachian tube and the throat
    salpingopharyngeal
  64. photoreceptor retinal cell essential for seeing objects in low light and for peripheral vision
    rod
  65. inflammation of the retina with pigmentation and progess scarring of tissue
    retinitis pigmentosa
  66. seperation of the two layers of the retina from each other
    retinal detachment
  67. seperation of the two layers of the retina from each other
    retina
  68. bonding of light rays by the cornea, lens, and fluids of the eye to bring light rays into focus on the retina
    refraction
  69. pertaining to the pupil of the eye
    pupillary
  70. dark central portion of the eye
    pupil
  71. impairment of vision associated with middle or older age
    presbyopia
  72. progessive loss of hearing occuring in middle and older age
    presbycusis
  73. pertaining to behind the ear
    postauricular
  74. outer ear flap auricle
    pinna
  75. sensitivity to light
    photophobia
  76. lens of the eye is extracted using ultrasonic vibrations
    phacoemulsification
  77. fluid contained in the labyrinth
    perilymph
  78. swelling of the optic disc, associated with increased presure within the eye
    papilledema
  79. pertaining to an eyelid
    palpebral
  80. membrane between the middle and inner ear
    oval window
  81. visual examination of the ear using an otoscope
    otoscopy
  82. overgrowth and hardening of bony tissue in the labyrinth
    otosclerosis
  83. discharge of pus from the ear
    otopyorrhea
  84. fungal infection of the ear
    otomycosis
  85. specialist in ear, nose and throat disorders
    otolaryngologist
  86. small bone, malleous, incus or stapes of the middle ear
    ossicles
  87. pertaining to the ear
    otic
  88. surgical repair of an ossicle of the middle ear
    ossiculoplasty
  89. nonmedial professional trained to examine and measure the eye to prescribe and fit eye glasses and contact lenses
    optometrist
  90. nonmedical professional trained in grinding lenses and fitting eyeglasses
    optician
  91. cranial nerve that carries impulses from the rod and cone cells of the retina to the cerebral cortex in the occipital lobe of the brain
    optic nerve
  92. region at the back of the eye where the optic nerve meets the retina
    optic disc
  93. point at which optic nerve fibers crossin the brain
    optic chasm
  94. visual examination of the interior of the eye
    ophthalmoscopy
  95. paralysis of muscles that move the eyeball
    ophthalmoplegia
  96. medical doctor specializing in the disease of the eye
    ophthalmologist
  97. pertaining to the eye
    ophthalmic
  98. repetitve rhythmic movements of one of both eyes
    nystagmus
  99. night blindness or difficult poor vision at night
    nyctalopia
  100. incision of the ear drum
    myringotomy
  101. inflammation of the eardrum
    myringitis
  102. nearsightedness vision for near objects is better for far
    myopia
  103. widening of the pupil of the eye
    mydriasis
  104. contraction of the pupil of the eye
    miosis
  105. drug that casuses the pupil of the eye to contract
    miotic
  106. abnormally small ears
    microtia
  107. colored, pigmented portion of the eye, surrounding the pupil
    iris
  108. disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear, elevated fluid pressure
    meniere disease
  109. inflammation and infection of the mastoid process just behind the ear
    mastoiditis
  110. hammer shaped bone in the middle ear
    malleus
  111. deterioration of the macula of the retina and producing a loss of central vision
    macular degeneration
  112. absense of the lens of the eye
    aphakia
  113. space behind the cornea and infront of the lens and iris, contains auqeous humor
    anterior chamber
  114. inequality in the size of the pupils
    anisocoria
  115. reduced or poor vision
    ambylopia
  116. benign tumor arising from the accoustic nerve
    acoustic neuroma
  117. pertaining to hearing
    acoustic
  118. normal adjustments of the eye to focus on objects from far to near
    accomodation
  119. yellowish region on the retina lateral to and slightly below he optic disc, contains the fovea centralis the ear of clearest and central vision
    macula
  120. abnormally large ears
    macrotia
  121. transparent biconvex body behind the pupil of the eye
    lens
  122. use of a laser to seal retinal tears and leak retinal blood vessels
    laster photocoagulation
  123. production of tears
    lacrimation
  124. maze like series of canals of the inner ear, cochlea, vestibule and semi ciricular canals
    labyrinth
  125. pertaining to tears
    lacrimal
  126. surgical repair of the cornea
    keratoplasty
  127. inflammation of th cornea
    keratitis
  128. inflammation of the iris of the eye
    iritis
  129. pertaining to the iris
    iridic
  130. removal of a portion of the iris
    iridectomy
  131. pertaining to within the eye
    intraoccular
  132. small anvil shaped bone in the middle ear
    incus
  133. disease of the retina due to high blood pressure
    hypertensive retinopathy
  134. excessive sensitivity to sounds
    hyperacusis
  135. inflammation of the oil sectring gland of the eyelid
    hordeolum
  136. absense of vision for one half right or left of an individuals feild of vision
    hemianopsia
  137. farsightedness, lgith rays are focused beyond instead of directly on the retina
    hyperopia
  138. fluid accumulation in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye causing increased pressure and damaged to the retina
    glaucoma
  139. large posterior inner part of the eye that is visualized with an ophthalmoscope
    fundus of the eye
  140. tiny pit or depression in the retina that is the region of the clearest vision
    fovea centralis
  141. removal of the eyeball from the orbit of the eye
    enucleation
  142. process of recording the circulation of a fluroescein dye through the blood vessels of the retina
    fluorescein angiography
  143. turning to the side or outward of one of both pupils
    exotropia
  144. channel between the middle ear and the throat
    eustachian tube
  145. turning inward of one or both pupils, crosseye
    esotropia

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