pharm

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Anonymous
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74137
Filename:
pharm
Updated:
2011-03-21 01:26:28
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more druhs
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  1. type of sezure drug depend on?
    • TOLERANCE
    • PATTERN
    • RESPONSE
  2. PRECAUTIONS DRUGS CAN INCREASE SEIZURE...
    TALK TO DOCTOR BEFORE STOPING A DRUG OR CHANGING DOSAGES
  3. THERAPEUTIC BLOOD LEVELS IN SEIZURE..
    START SLOW DOSE-- GRADUALLY INCREASE= REDUCE DROWSINESS
  4. WHAT DRUG HELPS WITH TONIC CLONIC AND PARTIAL COMPLEX SEIZURE?
    PHENYTOIN- DILANTIN
  5. WHAT IS THE DOSAGE FOR PHENYL-D?
    300MG MAX PER DAY IF PT HANDLE AT ONCE

    OR 100MG 3X DAY
  6. WHAT IS THE INFUSION RATE FOR PHENY IV?
    50MG/MIN FOLLOW WITH NS
  7. WHAT DOES PHENY TREAT?
    EPILEPSY AND NEUROGICAL DISORDERS
  8. WHAT IS THE SEIZURE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR NEONATALS?
    PHENOBARBITAL
  9. WHAT IS THE ACTING TIME OF BARBI?
    LONG ACTING
  10. WHAT SEIZURE DRUG CAUSES SEDATION AND DRAWSINESS?
    PHENOBARBITAL
  11. WHAT IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR PEPIT MAL SEIZURE?
    BARBI
  12. WHAT IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR STATUS EPILECTICOS?
    DIEZEPAM-VALIUM
  13. WHAT IS THE INFUSION RATE DOR DIAZEPAM?
    5MG/MIN
  14. WHAT IS THE PREUCATION FOR DIE-VALIUM?
    'NOT COMPATIBLE WITH OTHER SEIZURE DRUGS!
  15. WHAT DRUG CAUSE HIRSUTISM?
    PHENY-DILATIN
  16. WHAT DRUGA CAUSES GENGIVAL HYPERPLAISA AND NEED GOOD ORAL HYGENE?
    PHENYL-D
  17. VIT D AND FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY IS PROBLEM WITH?
    PHENY-D
  18. WHAT SEIZURE DRUGS TREATS COMPLEX PARTIAL AND TONIC -CLONIC?
    VALPROIC ACID
  19. WHAT IS THE MAIN SE'S OF VALPROIC ACID?
    • LOTS OF GI UPSET
    • VOMIT
    • TAKE WITH FOOD
  20. WHAT SEIZURE DRUG IS ONTRAINDICATED ON PETIT MAL SEIZURE?
    • VALPROIC
    • NOT RECOMENDED FOR 2YEARS OLD AND UNDER
  21. FOSPHYNITOIN IS A PRO DRUG, THAT CAN BE ..
    USED IM AND IT CONVERTS INTO PHEYNOTOIN IN THE BODY
  22. FOSPHEYNITOIN IS CONTRAINDICATED IN..
    PREGANCY
  23. WHAT DRUG CAUSED PLATELETS DYSFUCTIONS?
    THROMBOCYTOPENIA-- CAUSED BY VALPROIC ACID
  24. WHAT DRUG IS CONTRAINDICATE TO TAKE WITH ANTIACIDS?
    GABAPENTIN
  25. WHAT DRUG TREATS PARTIAL SIMPLE FOCAL SEIZURE?
    VALPROIC ACID
  26. WHAT DRUG CAUSED SONOLENCE AND FATIGUE?
    GABAPENTIN
  27. WHAT IS THE DRUG-DRUG INTERANTION OF GABAPENTIN?
    AVOID USED ANTIACIDS
  28. WHAT DRUG ARE USED FOR INTRACTABLE PAIN, NEUROPHATIC PAIN?
    GABAPENTIN
  29. WHAT DRUG COULD CAUSE ESTEN JOHNON RASH?
    LAMOTRIGINE
  30. CLINCAL USE FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURAGIA?
    CARPAMAZEPINE
  31. LAMOTRIGINE HAS DRUG -DRUG INTERACTION WITH MANY DRUGS EXCEPT?
    GABAPENTIN
  32. OTHER SE'S OF LAMOTRIGINE?
    DIPLOPIA AND BLURED VISON
  33. CARBAMAZEPINE USES ARE?
    • BIPOLAR DISORDER
    • TREAT TRIGEMINAL NERVE PAIN
  34. MAZEPINE SE'S
    • ATAXIA
    • NYTAGMUS
    • DIZZY
    • *************LIVER INJURY
  35. PHENY ORAL DOSE
    • 300MG
    • 100MG 3X DAY
  36. PHENYL IV INFUSION RATE?
    50 MG /MIN
  37. DIA-VALIUM RATE
    5MG /MIN
  38. GABAPENTIN TREAT
    POST HERPETIC VIRUS PAIN
  39. GENGIVAL HYPERPLASIA ADVE EFFEC?
    PHENYTOIN
  40. IF THE PERSON HAS A RASH WHAT SHOULD BE DONE FIRST?
    NOTIFY THE DOCTOR
  41. WHAT IS ANOTHER CLINICAL USE FDA APROVAL?
    • TRIGEMIANAL NEURAGIA
    • BIPOLAR DISORDER
  42. LEVO CONVERTS THYROID HORMONE INTO BODY
    CONVERTS T4 INTO T3
  43. LEVO- THYROID DRUG DOSE
    75-125MG
  44. VALPROIC ACID MUST BE TAKEN WITH
    FOOD BECAUSE IT CAUSES GI DISTRESS
  45. BLACK BOX FOR VALPROIC ACID
    • LIVER TOXCITY
    • DONT USE IN PETIT MAL SEZURE
  46. METFORMIN DOSE
    500-850MG DIABETES TYPE II
  47. VALPROIC ACID ALSO TREATS
    BIPOLAR DISORDER
  48. HYDROCORTISONE WITH SODIUM SUCCINATE DOSAGE?
    100-500MG CORTISTEROID
  49. CHOLINERGIC DRUGS = PARASYMPATHETIC
    1.PILO-- EYEDROP CONSTRIC PUPILS


    2.NEO-- URINARY RETENTION-MUSCLE RELAXANT
  50. ANTI-CHOLINERGETIC--PARASYNPATHETIC
    1.ATROPINE= BRADYCARDIA

    2.SCOLPO=MOTION SICKNESS PATCH
  51. ADRENERGETIC--SYMPATHETIC
    1.EPINE=ADRENALINE

    2.NORE=POTENT VASOCONSTRITOR

    3.PSEDO=SUDAFED NASAL REBOUND
  52. ANTI-ADREN- SYMPHA DRUGS
    1. METROL=CARDIOSELECTIVE

    2. ERGO=ERGOSTISM

    3.ATENO=DOENS'T PASS BBB-- LONG DURATION

    4. B.BLOCKERS= USE FOR HYPERTENSION
  53. BETA BLOCKERS-- SYMPA
    1.PROPANOLOL=BLOCKS B1,2--SHORT DURATION

    2.METOPROLOL= SAFE FOR COPD,CARDIOSELECTIVE--LONG ACTING

    3. ATENOLOL=LONG DURATION** DOESN'T PASS BBB- NBO MUCH CNS EFFECTS
  54. APHA CLINICAL USES
    • ANGINA
    • HYPERTENSION
    • CARDIACT DISRRHITMIAS
    • MIGRAINES
    • OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA
  55. ALPHA CAN BE DANGEROUS FOR PTS WITH?
    • TYPE I DIABETES
    • COPD
    • CHF
  56. HYPERTHYROID DRUGS-- TAKE WITH FOOD!
    • HYDRO=SHORT ACTING
    • PRED=INTERMEDIAN
    • TRIAM=INTERMEDIAN
    • DEXA=LONG ACTING** NO SODIUM RETENTION
  57. HYDROCORTISONE
    • ADISON DISEASE
    • SHORT ACTING
  58. PREDNISONE--METHYL IS THE INJECTABLE FORM
    • * ANTIFLAMATORY
    • INTERMEDIAN ACTING
  59. TRIAMCINOLONE
    • INTERMEDIAN ACTING
    • TREAT
    • JOINT INFLAMATION
    • INHALERS
    • ASHMA
  60. IF YOU GIVE DIEZAPAN TOO FAST WHAT HAPPENS?
    CARDIAC AND RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION! NO VERY SOLUBLE= DONT MIX ON DILUTE!
  61. DIEZEPAM ANTICONVULSANT ACTING METABOLITE..
    NOT LONG..MY HAVE TO REPEAT DOSE IF SEIZURE COME BACK

    5MG/MIN
  62. HYPER-GLUCOS-- TAKE WITH FOOD
    DRUG-DRUG INTERACTIONS
    • ANTICOAGULANTES
    • ANTIDIABETICS
    • SALICYLATES-ASPIRIN
  63. SYMPHA- FIGH OR FLIGHT--- ADRENERGIC
    • A & B BLOCKERS
    • COPE WITH STRESS
    • **NOREPINEPRINE= NEUROTRASMITER
  64. PARA=CHOLINERGETIC-- CONSERVATION-RESTAURATION
    FEED-BREED
    NEURATRASMITER=ACETYLCHOLINE
  65. PARA-CHOLINERGIC CAUSES SE'S
    • BRANDY
    • HYPO
    • SWEAT
    • SALIVATION
    • VOMIT
    • DIARRHEA
    • CRAMPS
  66. PARA=CHOLI CLINICAL USES
    • RESTORE MUSCLE TONE
    • ANTOGONIZE EFFECTS OF CURARE
    • CONSTRICT PUPILS
    • STIMULATE BLADDER- INTESTINES
  67. PILO AND NEO ARE
    CHOLINERGIC DRUGS-- PARASYMPHATETIC
  68. PILO AND NEO ARE PARA-CHOLINERGICS
    • DECREASE HR, BP
    • INCREASE SWEAT, SALIVA
    • CAUSE DIARRHEA
  69. SYMPA
    • INCREASES EVERYTING-- LIKE RUNING FOR A LION- FIGHT OR FLIGHT
    • HR
    • BP
    • DECREASEGI MOTILITY
  70. ANTI-CHOLINERGIC-- PARA
    • RELAX MUSCLE
    • ***DILATE PUPILS
    • PARALISE ACCOMODATION MUSCLE PRIOR RO EYE EXAME
  71. PARA --ANTI-CHOL CLINICAL USES
    • PRE ANESTHESIC TO REDUCE SALIVATION
    • SINUS BRANDYCARDIO BLOCK VAGUS NERVES
    • ANTISPASMODIC-- REDUCE BLADDER STIMULATION
    • PARKISON DISEASE- REGULATE MUSCLE CONTROL
    • EYE EXAME-- MYDRIATIC AND CYCLOPEDIA
  72. MEYSTANIA GLAVIS USE
    • LOOK LIKE CURARE POISONING,== PARALYZE MUSCLES.
    • USED IN SURGERY TO PREVENT MUSCLE FORM MOVING.
  73. ANTI-CHOL ADVERSE EFFECTS
    • DRY MOUTH
    • BLURRED VISON
    • URINARY RETNETION
    • CONSTIPATION
    • PALPITATION
  74. ANTI-CHOL CONTRA INDICATIONS
    • NARROW ANGLE GLAUCOMA
    • PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY
  75. ANTROPINE-- ANTI-CHOLI= PARA
    • HELPS WITH BRANDYCARDIA
    • STIMULATE HEART RATE
  76. SCOPO--ANTI-CHOL= PARA
    MOTION SICKNESS PATCH
  77. ADRENERGETIC=SYMPA
    IT HAS ALPHA AND BETA EFFECTS!
    ALPHA= VASOCONSTRICTION

    BETA= VASODILATION
  78. ALPHA ACTIVITY
    • VASOCONTRICTOR
    • PUPIL DILATION
    • RELAX GI
  79. BETA ACTIVITY
    • VASODILATION
    • HEART BEATS FAST MORE CONTRACTS
    • BROCHIAL RELAX
    • ULTERUS RELAX
  80. BETA 1
    MAINLY HEART
  81. BETA 2
    • BROCHIOLES
    • ARTERIAL SMOOTH MUSCLES
  82. ADREN- DRUGS- SYMPA
    • EPINEPHRINE= ADRENALINE
    • NOREPINEPHRINE= POTENT VASOCONSTRICTOR
    • PSEUDOEPHEDRINE= SUDAFED- REBOUND CONGESTION
  83. CLINICAL USES OF EPINE
    • ACCUTE ASHMATIC ATACK
    • ANAPHILATIC SHOCK
    • CARDIAC ARREST
  84. EPINE
    • RELIVE SWELLEN
    • EDEMA
    • HIVES
  85. NORE-- USES
    • POTENT VASOCONSTRICTOR
    • ** ACUTE HYPOTHESIOON
    • BE CAREFUL WITH HYPERTHYROIDISM-- THEIR BLOOD PRESSURE IS ALREDY ELEVATED
    • PREUCATIONS
    • TACKCARDIA
    • SOB
  86. PSEUDO- SUDAFED
    SIDE EFFECTS-- NERVOUSNESS ANXIETY-INSOMIA

    • PREUCATION-- REBOUNG CONGESTION
    • NASAL DESOGESTIONAT
    • BRONCHODILATOR
  87. ANTI-ADREN==SYMPA
    ALPHA BLOCKER
    ERGOTAMINE
  88. ERGO
    • ALPHA BLOCKER
    • TREAT-- MIGRANES ** DUE TO INDIRECT EFFECT NOT NOT NOT ALPHA!

    ADVERSE EFFECT -- ERGOTISMO
  89. ERGO SE
    • HOLY FIRE.. POINESS NUMBNESS OF TOES LEADS TO GANGRENE
    • MUSCLE PAIN
    • WEAKNESSS
  90. ERGO CLINICAL USES
    VASCONSTRICTING- CEREBRAL VESSELS IN MIGRAINE
  91. ERGO
    OXYTOSE EFFECT ON ULTERUS STIMULATION
  92. ANTI-ADREN --SYMPA NOT INDICATED
    • TYPE I DIABETES
    • COPD
    • CVF
  93. ANTI-ADREN-SYMPA
    BETA BLOCKERS-- CLINICAL USES
    • ANGINA
    • CARDIAC DISRRHTIMIAS
    • HYPERTENSION
    • MIGRAINES
    • OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA
  94. ANTI- ADREN- SYMPA ADVERSE EFFECTS
    • N/V
    • CNS EFFECTS
    • CARDIAC EFFECTS
    • BRONCHISPAMS
    • HYPOGLYCEMIA
  95. ANTI-ADREN-SYMPA CONTRAINDICATION PREUCATIONS.
    • ASTHMA
    • CHF
    • BETA-BLOCKERS WITHDRAWL
  96. ANTI-ADREN-SYMPA--- BETA BLOCKERS DRUGS
    PROPANOLOL--INDERAL PROTOTYPE-- SHORT ACTING

    METOPROLOL--CARDIOSELECTIVE= SAFE FOR COPD, BETTER THAN PROPA-- LONG ACTING

    • ATENOLOL-- CARIDIOSELECTIVE
    • LONG DURATION
    • DONT PASS BBB
    • 1X DAY DOSE GOOD COMPLIENCE
    • NO MUCH CNS EFFECT
    • MOST PREFERRED
  97. HYPOTHYROIDISM DRUGS
    • THYROID DESSICATE
    • LEVOTHYROIDXINE (T4)** DRUG OF CHOICE
    • LIOTHTYROIDNINE(T3) REQUIRES MULTIPLE DOSES
  98. LEVO ADVANTAGES
    • CONVERTS INTO T3 IN BODY
    • LONG 1/2 LIFE
  99. LEVO SE'S
    • GI AND CARDIO STIMULATION
    • INSOMNIA
    • WEIGHT LOSS
  100. LEVO PREUCATIONS
    WITH PT WITH CARDIO DISEASES
  101. LIO --DISAVANTAGES
    • REQUIRES MULTIPLE DOSING
    • DIFICULT IN MONITORING LEVELS
    • ** MORE CARDIAC EFFECTS
  102. HYPERTYROIDISM---GRAVES DISEASE
    SYMPTOMS:
    • CARDIAC STIMULATION
    • WEIGHT LOSS
    • RESTLESSNESS
    • ***BULGING EYE
  103. TREATMENT FOR HYPERTHYROIDISM
    • PTU- DRUG--INHIBITS SYNTHESIS OF HORMONES
    • RADIACTIVE IODINE
    • SURGERY
  104. PROPYL (PTU) DRUG FOR HYPERTHYROIDISM
    • INHIBITS SYNTHESIS OD THYROID HORMONE
    • IF WEEL CONTROLLED 6-12MOTNHS DONE!
  105. PROPYL-PTU HYPERTHYROID DRUG ADVERSE EFFECTS:
    • LOST OF TASTE
    • N/V
    • DIZZINESS
    • LEUKOPENIA
    • ADRUNOLOCYTOSIS
    • PREGNANCY CROSS PLACENTA NEW BORNS WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM
  106. GLUCACORTICOIDS
    3 CLASSES OF ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES
    • CLUCORTICOIDS--CORTISOL
    • MINERACORTICOIDS-ALDOESTERONE
    • ANDROGENS
  107. CLUCOCORTICOIDS-- DISEASES
    ADRENAL INSUFICIENCY-- ADDISON'S DISEASE

    CUSHING'S SYNDROME: OVERPRODUCTION OF CORTISOL
  108. GLUCORTICOIDS PHARMACOLOGIAL EFFECTS
    • ANTIFLAMATORY
    • IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE
    • SODIUM RETENTION WITH POTASSION LOSS
    • METABOLIC - FAT, CHO,PROTEIN METABOLISM
  109. WHAT CAUSES ADRENAL SUPPRESSION?
    SUDDEN WITHDRAWAL OF STEROIDS MAY CAUSE ACUTE ADRENAL ISSUFICIENCY
  110. TO MINIMIZED ADRENAL SUPPRESSION:
    • ALTERNATE DAY THERAPY
    • EARLY MORNING ADMINISTRATION
  111. GLUCORTICOIDS DRUG-DRUG INTERACTIONS
    • ORAL ANTICOAGULATES-- ALTER BLOOD-- WAFARIN,
    • ANTIDIABETIS- DECREASE BS
    • SALICYLATES- ASPIRING THINS BLOOD
  112. CLUCOS DRUGS
    • HYDROCORTISONE
    • PREDNISONE
    • TRIAMCINOLONE
    • DEXAMETHASONE
  113. HYDRO--SHORT ACTING
    LEAST POTENT- ACT LIKE NATURAL HORMONES
  114. TRIAM-- INTERMEDIAN ACTING
    • USED IN ORTHOPECICS
    • DERMATOLOGY
    • INHALERS
    • NO SODIUM RETENTION
    • INTRAOCULAR INJECTION IN JOINT
  115. PRED- INTERMEDIAN ACTING
    • LESS SODIUM RETENTION
    • PROTOTYPE
    • MORE ANTIFLAMATORY
  116. DEXA--LONG ACTING
    • POTENT ANTIFLAMATORY
    • NO SODIUM RETENTION
    • TREAT CEREBRAL EDEMA

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