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What are three main kidney balances?
What is the steady state amount of kidney urine balance?
What state is a person in if their urine flow is >1000 ml?
Negative water balance
What diseases can cause a Positive Water Balance?
- Congestive Heart Failure
- ADH (Salt retention)
- excess steroids
What is the function of the renal corpuscle?
Filtration (but not proteins)
What is the job of the proximal tubule?
Does the urine concentrate in the proximal tubule?
No, osmotic gradient maintained
In the distal tubule, what controls urine permeability?
What nephrons concentrate urine: Cortical or Juxtaglomerular?
What cells in the nephron system release Renin?
Granular (juxtaglomerular) cells
What are the two capillary beds in the nephron system?
- - cortical
- - vasa recta
Are renal nerves sympathetic or Parasympathetic?
What is the main SNS neuron: alpha or beta?
Where is the alpha SNS receptor mainly found: efferent or afferent arterioles?
What are the four components of renal function?
- Glomerular filtration
- Tubular secretion
- Tubular reabsorption
In the JGA, what contracts the mesangial cells?
What opposes constant SNS stimulation of the nephrons?
PGE2 and PGI2