APUSH 33b

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Anonymous
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74347
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APUSH 33b
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2011-03-21 21:52:29
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notes from in class lecture
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  1. Tidelands Oil Act/Submerged Lands Act 1953
    transfer protected pub land to the states, aka open up more land for businesses to get resources from.
  2. Loyalty security Program
    Fired workers = “security risks”, over 1000
  3. Guatemala
  4. a. Elected gov want to give idle farms to poor
    • b. Seize 400k acres from US united fruit
    • c. CIA band of guat/Honduran mercenaries in to Guatemala
    • d. New gov = military dictator, return lands to US
  5. Indochina
  6. Post-WWII nat’list under Ho Chi Minh(HCM) indep mvmt
    • US supported Fr, by 1953 sent $3b Dien Bien Phu Falls
    • 1954 HCM’s forces surround Fr garrison
    • Ask US for help, Dulles/Nixon want nuclear weapons
    • Ike refuse to send ground troop/air strikes
    • May 7, 1954 surrender, end Fr rule
  7. Geneva Accords 1954
  8. 1. Cease fire and partition Vietnam at 17th //
    2. 1956 free elections but US not going to recognize comm HCM
  9. a. → “Domino Theory”
  10. 1. US supported s. viet gov under Ngo Dinh diemm
    2. Sent military mission to train army/keep him in power
  11. 1. Hungary Calling
    • 1956 Khrushchev’s reducing power → protests against Russian rule in e euro
    • 1. Warsaw, Poland riots
    • 2. Hungary: overthrew gov, install Imre Nagy
    • a. Nagy announce Hungary leave Warsaw pact
    • b. USSR sent tanks into Budapest to crush
    • c. US protest, but not help
  12. 1. Egypt
  13. a. 1952 Gamal Abdel Nasser took over
    • b. Dulles offer US aid to build Aswan dam
    • c. Nasser agendas
    • · Destroy Israel
    • · End br control of Suez canal
    • d. Tension
    • 1. Dulles w/drew offer
    • 2. Nasser size Suez canal
    • 3. Oct 1956 Israel invade Sinai
    • 4. Fr/br invade, retake Suez
    • 5. Ike condemned r/Fr, UN resolution to negotiate
    • e. Why is this significant? – We annoy br and Fr, we see the rise of ME/Arab tensions
  14. Eisenhower Doctrine
    • 1. Jan 1957
    • 2. Eisenhower can use force in <E against any comm attack w/o congress approval
    • 3. 1958 orders troops into Lebanon to support pres, no fighting
    • 4. 1959 Fidel Castro to power in Cuba
    • a. Eisenhower embargoed Cuban sugar
    • b. Fidel turns to USSR
  15. 1. Little Rock
  16. a. Sep ’57 central high school to be integrated
    • b. Gov Orval Faubus call out nat’l guard
    • i. Students met by mob and nat’l guard
    • ii. Televised scenes of violence
    • c. Ike sent in fed troops took control of nat’l guard
    • d. Faubus close all schools
    • e. ’59 fed court force schools to reopen, integrate
  17. 1. Greensboro NC Feb 1, 1960
  18. a. 4 black college students took seats at “whites-only” lunch counter at Woolworth’s
    • b. Sit-ins spread
    • c. Ella Baker (SCLC) org student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to facilitate sit-ins.
    • 2. So what? – cultural attitudes will take a long time
  19. Legacy of Eisenhower years
  20. 1. Warns military-industrial complex concentrating too much power and money
    • 2. Blacks increasingly impatient w/ slow progress of racial change
    • 3. Cars spewing toxic led into atmosphere → smog in LA
    • 4. CFCs in air conditioners, aerosol releasing chems that damage ozone
    • 5. Both leaded gas and CFSs invented by GM research scientist Thomas Midgely
    • 6. Chem. Insecticides of agribusiness
    • 7. Housewives rebelling against life in suburbia

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