Organic Chemistry 1 - Nomenclature

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Anonymous
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74419
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Organic Chemistry 1 - Nomenclature
Updated:
2011-03-22 01:57:16
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Organic Chemistry Nomenclature
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Alkanes
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  1. Characteristics of Alkanes
    • Str8 chain
    • single bonds
    • saturated with Hydrogens
    • no pi bonds
  2. Commonly used Alkane fuels
    • propane
    • butane
    • octane
  3. General formula for alkanes
    • CnH2n+2
    • n = any integer
  4. CH4
    C2H6
    C3H8
    C4H10
    C5H12
    C6H14
    C7H16
    C8H18
    C9H20
    C10H22
    C11H24
    C12H26
    • CH4 = Methane
    • C2H6 = Ethane
    • C3H8 = Propane
    • C4H10 = Butane
    • C5H12 = Pentane
    • C6H14 = Hexane
    • C7H16 = Heptane
    • C8H18 = Octane
    • C9H20 = Nonane
    • C10H22 = Decane
    • C11H24 = Undecane
    • C12H26 = Dodecane
  5. 5 steps to name branched alkanes
    • 1. Find the longest chain
    • if equal in length then most substituted
    • 2. # the chain
    • most sub gets the lowest #
    • 3. Name the # of Substituents
    • Greek root followed by -ly suffix
    • 4. Assign a # to each Substituent
    • 5. Complete the name
    • sub in alphabetical order
    • numerical prefixes ignored ( di-, tri-,tetra-,...)
    • not ignored ( iso-, neo-, cyclo-,..)
  6. t-butyl

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