Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary

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martha.hulsey
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74453
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Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
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2011-03-22 09:47:23
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Science Chapter Vocabulary
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Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
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  1. a mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon
    atmosphere
  2. the measure of the force with which air molecules push on a surface
    air pressure
  3. the lowest layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature decreases at a constant rate as altitude increases
    troposphere
  4. the layer of the atmosphere that is above the troposphere and in which temperature increases as altitude increases
    stratosphere
  5. the layer of the atmosphere between the stratosphere and the thermosphere and in which temperature decreases as altitude increases
    mesosphere
  6. the uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature increases as altitude increases
    thermosphere
  7. the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves
    radiation
  8. the transfer of energy as heat through a material
    thermal conduction
  9. the movement of matter due to differences in density; the transfer of energy due to the movement of matter
    convection
  10. the warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Earth that occurs when water vapor, carbon dioxide, and other gases absorb and reradiate thermal energy
    greenhouse effect
  11. a gradual increase in average global temperature
    global warming
  12. the movement of air caused by differences in air pressure
    wind
  13. the apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to the Earth's rotaion
    Coriolis effect
  14. prevailing winds that blow from east to west between 60 degrees and 90 degrees latitude in both hemispheres
    polar easterlies
  15. prevailing winds that blow from west to east between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude in both hemisphers
    westerlies
  16. prevailing winds that blow northeast from 30 degrees north latitude to the equator and that blow southeast from 30 degrees south latitude to the equator
    trade winds
  17. a narrow belt of strong winds that blow in the upper troposphere
    jet stream
  18. the contamination of the atmosphere by the introduction of pollutants from human and natural sources
    air pollution
  19. rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acids
    acid precipitation

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